Kutzer Final Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Kutzer Final Questions Deck (24):
1

Influx of what causes neural cells to be activated for membrane depolarization?

Calcium

2

What is the relay center of the brain?

Thalamus
All info goes to thalamus and then goes through corpus callosum

The reticular formation facilitates the flow of sensory information from the thalamus to the cortex
When the reticular nuclei are quiet the thalamus does not transfer information to the cortex which facilitates the onset of sleep

3

Which part of the brain influences the pituitary?

Hypothalamus

Connected with the limbic system/ part of the limbic system
Controls homeostatic body functions and internal environment of the body

It does this by:
influences the pituitary gland - which releases hormones
influences drive states such as thirst and hunger
influences activity of the Autonomic NS
involved in emotion

4

Patient with a bipolar disease, and currently is in manic state, what would be observed?

Inflated Self Esteem

Others:
Elevated mood
Increased talking
Racing thoughts (flight of ideas)
Increased social or work activity and decreased need for sleep
Manic patients can become hostile and uncooperative
As the disease intensifies some patients experience psychotic symptoms such as delusions

5

Which of the following is an SSRI?

Citalopram
Buproprion
Duloxetine
Trazadone

Citalopram

6

Neurons of VTA contain which NT?

Dopamine

7

Which antibiotic is a RNAse polymerase inhibitor?

Rifampin

8

Patient with respiratory tract infection is non-compliant, which antibiotic do you give them?

Azithromycin because once a dose

9

Which is the primary mechanism of how bacteria inactivate drugs?

Beta lactamases; bacterial enzymes

10

What condition do bella donna drugs treat?

Sinus bradycardia given IV

11

Patient is having difficulty breathing, and diagnosed with COPD. Which drug do you give this patient?

Ipratropium

12

Which drug is a neuromuscular blocker depolarizing agent?

Succinylcholine

13

Patient has hypertension, tumor, pheochromocytoma, which drug do you prescribe?

Phenoxybenzamine

14

Which bronchodilator would you prescribe for an asthma patient?

Albuterol

15

Which is a drug used as a beta blocker for glaucoma?

Timolol eye drops

16

TSH is secreted by which part of the brain?

Anterior pituitary gland via the hypothalamus

17

Which is a long acting insulin?
Regular insulin
Lispro insulin
Glargine insulin
Glulisine insulin
Aspartate insulin

Glargine

18

Which system regulates aldosterone?

Renin angiotensin system

19

Alosia and aedonia are two negative symptoms caused by blockade of which pathway?

Mesocortical

20

What are the negative symptoms of schizophrenia?

Affect flattening (lack of emotional expression)
Alogia (delayed or slow responses)
Avolition (inactivity/loss of interest)
Anhedonia (inability to derive pleasure)

21

Which NT is schizophrenia associated with?

Hyperactivity of Dopamine

22

Increase in what can cause seasonal affective disorder?

Melatonin

23

What is the definition of addiction?

Organism is engaging of reinforcing behavior and no longer has control

24

What is heroine converted to in the brain?

Morphine and Codeine