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Flashcards in L1 Introduction to Law Deck (29):
1

Responsibilities of a pharmacist

1. Dispensing
2. RTS
3. Supply of P & GSL
4. Provide pharmaceutical advice
5. Independent/supplementary prescribers

2

Regulation of pharmacists duties by

UK parliament legislation
EU law
Administrative law
Civil law (duty of care)

3

Definition of Law

regulation of human affairs and human relationships. Complex concept of rights, duties, rules, regulations, authority, morality, settling disputes

4

5 types of law

1. Criminal - between the individual and the state
2. Civil - relationships between individuals and torts
3. Administrative law
4. Judicial precedent - common law
5. EU law

5

Tort

wrongful act for which someone can be sued for damages in a civil court of law. Includes libel, trespass, injury, whether intentional or by negligence.

6

Judicial Precedent

when a case is decided in higher courts, lower courts have to follow the decision. Judges can manipulate common law provided without waiting for parliament to enact legislation. Judges can subsequently be overruled.

7

Court of criminal law?

Magistrates/crown court

8

Court of civil law?

County/high court

9

Implementation of civil law?

Compensation and restitution of wrongs

10

Implementation of criminal law?

Apprehension and disposition

11

How does parliamentary law come into effect?

Green and white papers, private members bill, delegated legislation

12

Green papers

Consultative documents - what the government might do

13

White papers

firm proposals - what the government will do, given the acceptance of a parliamentary majority

14

Order of making a law

Consultation - consultative document - sponsored bill - house of commons - house of lords - final reading for house of commons - royal assent - statute book

15

Advantages of delegated legislation

Saving parliamentary time
Greater flexibility
greater speed of action and implementation in an emergency
Greater use of consultation with qualified and technical experts

16

How do we keep checks on delegated legislation?

Limitations imposed in enabling acts

17

Who has the responsibility of reviewing statutory instruments presented in parliment

Scrutiny committee of the house of commons

18

EU court of law, 5 institutions

Council of ministers
The Comission
The EU Parliment
The Economic & Social committee
European Court of Justice

19

Council of Ministers

decision making body rotated every 6 months

20

The Comission

concerned with implementation of treaties

21

The EU Parliment

gives opinion on Commission proposals

22

The Economic and Social Committee

represents social-economic groups

23

European Court of Justice

ensures implimentation

24

Regulations

become law in member states as the stand, no need for further implementation

25

Directives

binding on member states, must be enacted by national legislation

26

Decisions

binding on individuals or institutions to which they are addressed

27

Recommendations

advisory statments

28

The actions of the pharmacist are governed not only by legislation but also

by ethics and codes of practice

29

Ethics

professional rules pertaining to the norm, accepted by the majority of the profession. Systematic study of moral choices.