Lab 2.7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab 2.7 Deck (15):
1

what is the duration of cupivacaine?

4-12 hours

2

what is the onset and duration of lidocaine?

fast onset, with duration of action 1 hour

3

what are the 2 amides (local anesthesia)?

xylocaine (lidocaine) and bupivicaine (marcaine)

4

what can be added to local anesthesia to increase the duration of action and decreased bleeding?

epinephrine

5

where should you use epinephrine with caution?

in areas of the body supplied by end arteries (digits, ears, nose and penis) or compromised blood supply (flaps)

6

what can be added to local anesthesia to decrease burning?

bicarbonate

7

serious potential affects of local anesthesia (can more commonly be seen in children)

CNS toxicity
hemodyanamic and respiratory consequences
allergic rxn
seizures
inadvertent intravascular infection

8

what is the max dose of xylocaine?

7mg/kg

9

was are side effects of local anesthesia?

CNS (tinnitus, blurred vision, tremors, depression)
CV (myocardial depression, AV block, decrease CO)

10

where are the absorbable sutures usually done?

subQ

11

Grossly appears as single strand of suture material; all fibers run parallel
Minimal tissue trauma
Resists harboring microorganisms
Ties smoothly but requires more knots
have memory (hard to work with)

monofilament suture

12

if there is an 0 behind a number what does that mean?

sutures are getting smaller

13

what would you use to close skin

3-0

14

with a straight needle do you need a needle driver?

no

15

suture Used for uncomplicated laceration repair and wound closure

simple sutures