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Flashcards in lab exam 2 Deck (31)
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1

ear

pinna

2

mammary papillae

teats

3

parotid gland

4

stomach, esophagus, diaphram

5

what does the small intestine do?

absorbs nutrients and water from food

6

small intestine, large intestine, liver, stomach

7

what does the parotid do?

creates saliva and enzymes

8

pyloric valve

valve in stomach that opens when food is ready to leave stomach and drain into small intestine.

9

what does the liver do?

makes bile to aid digestion.  The liver also breaks down toxins and metabolizes other molecules.

10

pancreas

makes enzymes and hormones like insulin.  Located at base of stomach and against the dorsal body wall.

11

spleen

involved with manufacturing cells and components for the immune system

12

collects and stores bile from the liver.  Attached to the liver.

gallbladder

13

nose

rostrum

14

attaches to placenta of mother, allows exchanges of gasses (O2 and CO2) and fluids (blood, water, wastes).

umbillical cord

15

external sac that contains the testes, epididymis, etc.

scrotum

16

external nares

nostrils

17

esophagus

a flat tube that connects the mouth to the stomach

18

kidney, ureter, urethra

19

remove wastes from the blood and send them to the urinary bladder. Also responsible for maintaining appropriate fluid levels, blood pressure, and ion concentrations.

kidney

20

genital papillae

small, external flap that covers the urogenital opening

21

trace air

: Path of air inwards: external nares à nasal passage à nasopharynx à glottis à larynx à trachea à bronchi à respiratory tree (bronchi and bronchioles) à aveoli à capillaries à oxygen enters red blood cells

22

trace food

mouth/saliva à pharynx à past the epiglottis flap which is pulled down so food can enter the esophagus à stomach à pyloric valve (which you won’t be able to see, which opens to dump stomach contents into the intestines)à small intestine à cecum (a short fat outpocket which helps digest plant material) à large intestine (also called colon; primarily responsible for re-adsorption of water) à rectum (where feces gather before they are excreted) à anus

23

trace liquid wastes

blood à kidney à ureter à urinary bladder à urethra à penis (males)/urogenital opening (females)

24

trace blood

De-oxygenated blood from body in veins à caudal or cranial vena cava à right atrium à right atrioventricular valve à right ventricle à right semi-lunar valve à pulmonary artery à lungs (gets oxygenated) à pulmonary veins à left atrium à left atrioventricular valve à left ventricle à left semi-lunar valve à aorta à arteries to rest of body à as blood is de-oxygenated it flows from body back to heart to begin cycle again

25

digestive system

A - stomach
B - pancreas
C - large intestine
D - small intestine
 

26

A - Uterine Horn (Fallopian Tube)
B - Ovary
C - Vagina

27

respiratory system

A - larynx
B - trachea
C - bronchial tube
D - lung
E - respiratory

28

A - kidney
B - ureter
C - bladder

29

A - hard palate
B - epiglottis
C - tongue

30

A - Numbers 5 and 6 are the 
B - Number 1 is the 
C - The system pictured is the 

A - carotid arteries
B - Aorta
C - circulatory