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Flashcards in Lab Exam Deck (133):
1

Basophils are indicative of

Parasitic infections

2

Microcyte

3

Granulocytic Leukemia

4

Serum (red top) tubes contain

Nothing

________________________________

Dont need to worry about contaminating other tubes

5

Urinalysis finding

Fatty Casts

6

Mott Cells

_________________________

Bone marrow biopsy

7

Calcium carbonate crystal significance

Normal in horses, rabbits, guinea pigs and goats

8

Hypochromasia is indicative of

Decreased concentration of Hemoglobin - Iron Deficiency 

9

Urinalysis finding

Epithelial Casts

10

Urinalysis finding

Bilirubin Crystals

11

Basophilic stippling in animals other than ruminants is indicative of

Regenerative Anemia

Lead Poisoning (if significant number)

12

Urinalysis finding

Calcium oxalate dihydrate

13

Heparin (green top) tubes are used for

Biochemical Profile

14

Urinalysis finding

Transitional Epithelial Cells

15

Schistocytes

16

Neutrophil "Toxic Change" is indicative of

Inflammation - decreased bone marrow transit time

17

Differential diagnosis for decreased M:E ratio

Regenerative Anemia

Erythroid leukemia

Lack of production of neutrophils

18

Red blood cell abnormality caused by abnormal aggregation of ribosomes

Basophilic stippling

19

Basophilic Stippling

20

Struvite crystals are indicative of

Urease-Positive bacteria formation

21

Urinalysis finding

Dirofilaria immitis

22

Functions of monocytes

Phagocytosis

Antigen Presentation

Iron Storage and Recycling

Cytokine Production

23

Urinalysis finding

Squamous Epithelial Cells

24

How do you differentiate between rouleaux and agglutination?

Add isotonic saline to a drop of blood - if rouleaux the RBCs will disperse

25

Lysosomal Storage Disorder

26

Neutrophils are indicative of

Inflammation

27

Osteoblasts

______________________

Bone marrow biopsy

28

Urinalysis finding

Granular Cast

29

Urinalysis finding

Fungal Hyphae

30

Urinalysis finding

Struvite Crystals

31

Eosinophils are indicative of

Allergic disease

Modulate inflammatory response

Phagocytosis

Helminthic parasites

32

Differential diagnosis for heinz bodies in sheep

Copper toxicosis

33

Spherocytes

34

Urinalysis finding

Drug Associated Crystals

35

Acanthocytes are indicative of

Hepatic Lipidosis = Cats

Hemangiosarcoma = Dogs

36

Red Blood Cell Parasite

Mycoplasma haemofelis

37

Acanthocytes

38

Urinalysis finding

Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells

39

Basophils

40

Ammonium biurate crystals are indicative of

Liver disease

__________________________

Normal finding in Dalmations and Bulldogs

41

Rouleaux Formation

42

EDTA (purple top) tubes are used for

CBC

43

Waxy casts are indicative of

Chronic Renal Disease

44

Urinalysis finding

White Blood Cells

45

Urinalysis finding

Red blood cells

46

Urinalysis finding

Yeast - Candida spp

 

47

Red Blood Cell Parasite

Anaplasma marginale

48

Red blood cell abnormality caused by oxidatively denatured Hg

Heinz body formation

49

Schistocytes are indicative of

Intravascular trauma

Iron Deficiency Anemia

50

Reticulocyte count of greater than 60,000 uL is indicative of 

Regenerative Anemia

51

Urinalysis finding

Red Blood Cell Cast

52

Agglutination

53

Neutrophil Hypersegmentation

54

Urinalysis finding

Calcium Carbonate Crystals

55

Urinalysis finding

Caudate Cells

56

Red Cell Leukemia (Erythremic myelosis)

57

Serum (red top) tubes are used for

Obtaining serum from the formed clot

58

Urinalysis finding

Capillaria plica

59

Reticulate count below 60,000 uL is indicative of

Non-Regenerative to poorly regenerative anemia

60

Macrophages

____________________

Bone marrow biopsy

61

What are the two types of RBC's pictured?

Polychromatic and Hypochromatic cells

_______________________________

Polychromatic = blueish colored

Hypochromatic = increased central pallor

62

Stomocytes

63

Urinalysis finding

Hyaline Cast

64

Calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals suggest

Storage artifact

Calcium oxalate urolithiasis

Increased calcium excretion due to hypercalcemia

Acute renal failure 

_________________________________

Can be normal

65

Epithelial casts and fatty casts are indicative of

Tubular degeneration and necrosis

Renal Ischemia

Toxic nephrosis

66

Agglutination of RBC is indicative of

Antibody attachement to RBCs (IMHA)

67

Howell Jolly Bodies are indicative of

Regenerative Anemia

Non Functioning Spleens (Splenectomy)

Increased Corticosteroid Use

Lead Poisoning

68

Spherocytes are indicative of

IMHA

69

Differential diagnosis for heinz bodies in cattle

Ingestion of Kale

Ingestion of onions

70

Parasite seen in bone marrow biopsy

Toxoplasmosis

71

Differential diagnosis for heinz bodies in equines

Phenothiazines

Ingestion of wilted red maple leaves

72

Birman Cat Neutrophil Granulation Anomaly

73

Mast Cells

_____________________________

Bone Marrow biopsy

74

Parasite seen in bone marrow biopsy

Leishmania

75

Citrate (blue top) blood tubes contain

Anti-Coagulant

76

Leukemia

77

Sodium Fluoride (grey top) tubes are used for

Glucose/Lactate Measurement

78

Basophlic stippling is normal in what species

Ruminants

79

Reticulocyte count below 10,000uL is indicative of

Non Regenerative Anemia

80

Eccentrocytes are indicative of

Oxadative damage (Onion ingestion)

_________________________________

Often seen in conjuction with Heinz Body formation

81

Echinocytes are indicative of

Crenation artifact d/t slow drying

Electrolyte imbalances

Non-specific disease (kidney disease)

Rattlesnake envenomation

82

Urinalysis finding

Ammonium Biurate Crystals

83

Differential diagnosis for increased M:E ratio

Erythroid Hypolasia/Aplasia

Granulocytic Hyperplasia

Granulocytic Leukemia

84

What stains are used to detect heinz bodies?

Wrights Stain

New Methylene Blue Stain

85

Keratocyte

86

Megakaryoblastic Leukemia

87

Citrate (blue top) tubes are used for

Individual factor analysis

Coagulation panel

88

Red Blood Cell Parasite

Babesia gibsoni

89

Normal Myeloid : Erythroid Ratio

1:1 up to 3:1

90

Calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals are indicative of

Oxalate urolithiasis

Hypercalciuric or hyperoxaluric disorders

Ethylene toxicosis

___________________________________________

Can be seen in healthy animals

91

Differential diagnosis for heniz bodies in dogs

Cephalosporins

Zn toxicosis

Onion ingestion

92

Rouleax formation is indicative of

Horses - normal 

Small Animals - increased globulin 

93

Lymphocyte

94

Echinocytes

95

Urinalysis finding

96

Red Blood Cell Parasite

Cytauxzoon felis

97

Heinz Bodies

98

Leptocytes and Codocytes

99

Urinalysis finding

Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate

100

Red Blood Cell Parasite

Babesia canis

101

Red blood cell casts are indicative of

Tubular hemorrhage

102

Urinalysis finding

Amorphus Crystals

103

Basophils contain

Histamine

Heparin

Proteins

104

Microcytes are indicative of

Iron Deficiency Anemia

105

Macrocyte

106

Parasite seen in bone marrow biopsy

Histoplasmosis

107

Chediak-Higashi Syndrome

108

Eosinophils

109

Neutrophil "Toxic" Change

110

Significance of stomocytes

Few are normal and insignificant

Hereditary stomocytosis (Alaskan Malamutes, Min Schnauzers, Drentse partrijshond)

111

Neutrophil hypersegmentation is indicative of

Aging Change

Glucocorticoid usage

Hyperadrenal disease

Stress

112

Cystine crystals are indicative of

113

Eccentrocytes

114

Urinalysis finding

Cystine Crystals

115

Hyaline casts are indicative of

116

White blood cell casts are indicative of

Tubular inflammation

117

Osteoclast

__________________________

Bone Marrow Biopsy

118

Red Blood Cell Parasite

Mycoplasma wenyoni

119

Plasma cells

____________________

Bone Marrow biopsy

120

What stain is used to visualize reticulocytes

New Methylene Blue

Brilliant Cresyl Blue

121

Polychromasia is indicative of

Blood loss

Blood destruction

122

Keratocytes are indicative of

Iron deficiency

123

Distemper Viral Inclusion Body

124

Condition caused by inherited neutrophil abnormality 

Birman Cat Neutrophil Granulation Anomaly

125

Neutrophil

126

Nucleated RBCs

Howel Jolly Bodies

127

Red Blood Cell Parasite

Mycoplasma haemocanis

128

Pelger-Huet Anomaly

___________________________

Neutrophils all look like bands

129

Differential diagnosis for heinz bodies in cats

Acetaminophen 

Propylene glycol

Lymphoma

Hyperthyroidism

Diabetes

130

Monocyte

131

Reticulocytes

132

Macrocytes are indicative of

Regenerative Anemia

133

Urinalysis finding