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Flashcards in Lab info Deck (28):
1

What are 4 problems associated with clinical examnation and making a diagnosis

1. preconceived ideas and the diagnosis
2. incomplete history and incomplete clinical examination
3. incorrect interpretation of clinical findings
4. failure to consider all of the diagnostic possibilities

2

What are 4 problems associated with clinical examnation and making a diagnosis

1. preconc

3

What are the 4 parts of a complete clinical examination?

1. taking a history
2. examination of the environment
3. clinical examination
4. lab

4

what are the steps of a clinical examination to diagnosis?

1. general physical exam to determine abnormality
2. examination of suspect systems to determine system involved
3. examination of system to determine lesion
4. examination of lesion to determine type of lesion
5. examination of specimens to determine cause of lesion

5

What is the equipment required for a clinical examination?

1. thermometer
2. stethoscope
3. flashlight
4. pleximeter and plexor
5. oral speculum
6. stomach tube and pump
7. wide range pH paper
8. needles and syringes
9. lab stix
10. rectal palp sleeve
11. strip cup
12. CMT and paddle
13. hoof knife
14. ophthalmoscope
15. hemetest tablets

6

What are three simple rules for clinical examination?

1. need to know normal to detect abnormal
2. for many body systems there should be symmetry
3. more mistakes are made by not looking than for not knowing

7

What are three simple rules for clinical examination?

1. need to know normal to detect abnormal
2. for many body systems there should be symmetry
3. more mistakes are made by not looking than for not knowing

8

What are 6 things to look for in a horse distance exam?

1. attitude
2. physical condition
3. general body shape, size relative to age and breed
4. condition of hair coat
5. stance and posture
6. resp rate

9

What are 6 things to look for in a horse distance exam?

1. attitude
2. physical condition
3. general body shape, size relative to age and breed
4. condition of hair coat
5. stance and posture
6. resp rate

10

what is the normal heart rate of a mature horse?

28-44

11

what is the normal resp rate in a mature horse?

8-16 per minute

12

what is the normal resp rate in a mature horse?

8-16 per minute

13

what is borborygmi

intestinal sounds

14

what is borborygmi

intestinal sounds

15

what is borborygmi

intestinal sounds

16

What are the borders of Viborg's triangle?

mandibular ramus, tendinous insertion of sternomandibularis and ventrally by linguofacial vein

17

for evaluation of a lameness, what things should be addressed in the history?

1. presenting complaint
2. onset and progression
3. any previous diagnostic tests and results
4. any previous treatment and or response
5. hoof care and shoeing
6. use
7. diet and general management
8. potential for injury
9. vaccination, esp ne

18

for evaluation of a lameness, what things should be addressed in the history?

1. presenting complaint
2. onset and progression
3. any previous diagnostic tests and results
4. any previous treatment and or response
5. hoof care and shoeing
6. use
7. diet and general management
8. potential for injury
9. vaccination, esp neuro and tetanus

19

What is "winging"

the animal wings feet out, caused by toe-out postition

20

What is paddling

the horse swings leg in, accompanies a toe-in conformation

21

What are calf knees and bucked knees?

calf knees are when the animal has backward deviation of the carpus and bucked knees are when the carpus has a forward deviation

22

What are calf knees and bucked knees?

calf knees are when the animal has backward deviation of the carpus and bucked knees are when the carpus has a forward deviation

23

What is standing under vs camped in front
or standing under behind vs camped behind

the animal has legs too much under them or too far away from their body

24

What is a too straight behind vs a sickle hock?

there is too little angulation of the hock and stifle joints vs excessive angulation of hock joint

25

what are cow hocks?

the horse is usually base narrow as far as hocks but base wide from hocks down. The hocks point toward each other and too close while the feet point away

26

what are cow hocks?

the horse is usually base narrow as far as hocks but base wide from hocks down. The hocks point toward each other and too close while the feet point away

27

normal angle of foot axis

45-50 in front and 50-55 behind

28

what are points to address in a dog history

1. presenting complaint
2. progression of events
3. activity, eating, drinking, urination, defecation
4. summarize and ask clarifying questions
5. explore pertinent past history
6. determine vaccines
7. diet
8 travel history and potential exposures