Land Transportation Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Land Transportation Vocab Deck (43):
0

autonomous vehicle

a driverless car that can navigate on its own from one point to another without assistance from a human.

1

battery

a container consisting of one or more cells carrying an electric charge that can be used as a source of power.

2

biocoal

a solid fuel made from converting agricultural waste into high density, energy-concentrated fuel briquettes.

3

biofuel

a type of fuel in liquid and/or gas form produced directly from renewable plant and animal materials that have undergone biological carbon fixation.

4

biogas

a biofuel made up of digested organic material, like animal manure.

5

bus rapid transit

any form of public transport system which uses buses to provide services that are faster and more efficient than traditional bus lines.

6

carpooling

the sharing of car journeys so that more than one person travels in a car.

7

commute

the travel of some distance from one's home to his or her place of work which occurs on a regular basis.

8

electric vehicle (EV)

a vehicle which uses one or more electric or traction motors for propulsion.

9

emissions

substances or fumes discharged into the air, especially by internal combustion engines; in many countries these discharges are checked and regulated to help prevent air pollution.

10

ethanol

an alcohol obtained from the fermentation of sugars and starches or by chemical synethesis, which is typically used as an additive to or replacement for petroleum-based fuels.

11

Evacuated Tube Transport (ETT)

the concept of a magnetic levitation train in low-pressure vacuum tunnels to achieve high-speed railroad transport of up to 5,000 miles per hour (8,000 km/h).

12

fossil fuels

naturally occurring fuels, such as gas or coal, that are formed by decomposition over time and used by mankind as sources of energy.

13

freight

goods that are transported by truck, train, ship, or aircraft.

14

fuel cell

a device that converts chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.

15

gasoline

a mixture of highly flammable liquid hydrocarbons created from petroleum that is used as a fuel for internal combustion enginges.

16

German autobahns

the nationally coordinated motorway system in Germany that typically allows higher speed limits than most other expressways.

17

green diesel

biofuels made from algae and other plant resources.

18

highway

a main public road connecting major towns or cities (a free way or expressway).

19

hybrid vehicle

a vehicle containing both an electriv motor and a gasoline engine, each of which can move the car.

20

infrastructure

the underlying foundation and basic framework that makes up a system of highway or roads.

21

internal combustion engine

an engine that generates the power to move by burning gasoline, oil, or air inside the engine where the gasses produced drive a piston, creating motion.

22

interstate

a highway that is part of the federal network of major wroads.

23

interstate commerce

commerce that involves the transportation of goods across state lines

24

maglev

a system of transportation which uses magnetic levitation to suspend, guide, and propel vehicles using magnets.

25

mass transit

a system of large-scale public transportation that is usually made up of buses, subways, and elevated trains to move a large number of people.

26

monorail

a rail-based transportation system that consist of a single rail that is typically elevated so the trains suspend from it or balance on it.

27

pedestrian

a person walking, typically oalongside a road or sidewalk or witihin a developed area.

28

personal rapid transit (PRT)

a public means of transport featuring small, automated vehicles that operate on specially built guide ways; sometimes called personal automated transport (PAT) or podcars.

29

platooning

the lining up of cars forming road trains where the lead car acts as a pace setter, allowing all the vehicles to act simultaneously and move as a single unit.

30

public transportation

a shared passenger transport service which is available for use to the general public and may include buses, trains, and subwaus which run on fixed routes.

31

Roll-On, Roll-Off (RORO)

trucks used to transport a wide variety of wheeled cargo from state to state.

32

speed limit

the maximum legal speed permitted on a stretch of road.

33

steam engine

an engine which uses the energy from the expansion or rapid condensation of steam to generate nechanical power.

34

streetcar

a vehicle propelled by electricity that runs on rails or tracks along public urban streets.

35

subway

an underground railroad traditionally operated by electricity and typically found in large cities.

36

tarmac

a paving material that consists of crushed stone rolled and bound with a mixture of tar and bitumen that is used for a road or airport runway.

37

taxi

a vehicle used to transport passengers in return for aa payment or fare.

38

toll road

a privately or publicly built road that drivers must pay to use.

39

traffic congestion

a number of vehicles blocking one another until they can scarcely move; a gridlock or a traffic jam

40

transportation

the use of a device to move people or goods from one location to another

41

Vehicle-to-Vehicle 9V2V) communication

the software and hardware which allos cars int he same proximity to read one another's locations and velocities.

42

Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I)

the software and hardware that enable vehicles and the infrastucture surrounding them to send and collect data from one another.