LD 37 Disabilities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in LD 37 Disabilities Deck (17):
1

Disability

A physical or mental impairment that limits a persons major life activities

Ex. Walking, seeing, hearing, learning, interacting, working, etc

2

Physical disabilities

Aka neurological disorders which can also be caused by illness or injury

-deaf
-blind
-brain or spinal injury

3

Developmental disabilities

Manifest before 18 and can continue indefinitely

Ex.
-mental retardation
-cerebral palsy
-epilepsy
-autism
-down syndrome

4

Mental disability

A group of disorders that can cause disturbances in thinking or feeling

*two primary disorders: thought (schizo) and mood disorders (bipolar)

5

Mental Retardation

*not the same as mental illness

A below average intellectual functioning or deficits in adaptive behavior

6

Indicators of mental retardation

Impaired communication
Short attention span
Poor sense of time
Immature social relations
Overly compliant
Difficulty with simple task
Poor understanding of consequences and actions

7

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral (Brain) Palsy (impaired body movements)
*a large group of chronic conditions that affect body movements and coordination

-loss of motor control
-limited range of motion
-involuntary jerk movements
-slow slurred speech

8

Autism

Developmental disability that affects the ability to function and interact with others

-don't like being touched
-sensitive to noise
-fascinated by shiny objects
-repetitive movements like rocking
-social isolation
-Echolalia (repeating what others say)

9

Epilepsy

Brain disorder that causes seizures when clusters of nerve cells send out the wrong signals
*cannot be cured but controlled by meds

10

Indicators of Epilepsy

Starring spells
Tick like movements
Slurred speech
Lips smacking
Eyes rolling
Urination

11

Lanterman Petris Short Developmental Disabilities Act

Written to establish CA responsibility for services for people with developmental disabilities. Intent was to maximize the services to prevent removing the disabled from their home communities

12

Traumatic Neurological Disorder

A physical disability caused by injury to the spine or brain

13

Traumatic Brain Injury

An alteration in brain function caused by an external force (open or closed head injury)

14

Inidicators of mental illness

Fearfulness
Inappropriate behavior
Extreme rigidity(not flexible)
Excitability
Impaired self care(doesn't take care of self)
Hallucinations
Delusions
Clinical depressions

15

Schizophrenia

Most common thought disorder
-bizarre delusional thinking
-hallucinations
-incoherent
-poor reasoning

*mental illness

16

5150

Any person, as a result to mental illness is a:
Danger to themselves
Danger to others
Gravely disabled
May upon probable cause be detained by peace officers for up to 72 hours
*must determine there is a mental illness

17

Some Mental Illnesses are ?

-clinical depression
-Bipolar disorder
-Schizo
-postpartum depression
-PTSD
-personality disorder