Ld. Test Questions, Vinification, Style, Quality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ld. Test Questions, Vinification, Style, Quality Deck (206)
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1

In what style of wine do S02 levels tend to be the highest?
a) dry white wines with high acidity
b) rich and fruity red wines
c) sweet white wines

c) sweet white wines

2

What is Brettanomyces?
a) bacteria
b) spoilage yeast
c) cork taint

b) spoilage yeast

3

What does reduction smell like?
a) musty and damp cardboard
b) vinegar or nail polish remover
c) stinky rotten eggs and boiled cabbage.

c) stinky rotten eggs and boiled cabbage.

4

At what % is a wine considered to be medium minus alcohol?
a) under 10.5%
b) 13.5% - 14%
c) 10.5% - 11.5%

c) 10.5% - 11.5%

5

At what grams per litre of residual sugar is a wine considered to be sweet?
a) 18 g/l
b) 32 g/l
c) 45 g/l

c) 45 g/l

6

Which of the following grapes is considered to be aromatic?
a) Chardonnay
b) Muscat
c) Pinot Grigio

b) Muscat

7

Where do we look in a white wine to best assess the colour?
a) the rim
b) the core
c) in-between the rim and the core

b) the core

8

Which of the following chemical compounds is responsible for the bell pepper character in a
Sauvignon Blanc?
a) terpenes
b) pyrazines
c) esters

b) pyrazines

9

What is a hybrid grape?
a) cross of 2 vitis vinifera grapes
b) clone of a vitis vinifera grape
c) cross of vitus vinifera and another species of vitis .

c) cross of vitus vinifera and another species of vitis .

10

Which part of the vine is principally responsible for photosynthesis?
a) tendrils
b) leaves
c) buds

b) leaves

11

Which part of the vine is a cordon?
a) new shoots
b) arm of permanent wood
c) the buds

b) arm of permanent wood

12

What is the definition of a continental climate?
a) cool to moderate temperatures with low annual difference
b) greatest difference between the hottest and coldest months
c) low temperature difference between seasons with warm, dry summers.

b) greatest difference between the hottest and coldest months

13

What is the average temperature needed in the growing season for a vine to ripen grapes successfully?
a) 10 – 15°C
b) 16 – 21°C
c) 22 – 28°C

b) 16 – 21°C

14

What are the benefits of a soil with a high rock content?
a) able to retain moisture
b) vines grow with more vigour
c) ability to absorb and re-radiate the sun’s heat

c) ability to absorb and re-radiate the sun’s heat

15

What is needed for photosynthesis to occur?
a) oxygen and glucose
b) chlorophyll and sunlight combined with CO2 and water
c) chlorophyll and sunlight combined with oxygen and glucose

b) chlorophyll and sunlight combined with CO2 and water

16

Which climate category does Bordeaux fall under?
a) Maritime
b) Continental
c) Mediterranean

a) Maritime

17

Which climate category does Champagne fall under?
a) Maritime
b) Continental
c) Mediterranean

b) Continental

18

What climate category does Châteauneuf-du-Pape fall under?
a) Maritime
b) Continental
c) Mediterranean

c) Mediterranean

19

What is the name of the cooling current off the coast of Chile?
a) Benguela
b) Humboldt
c) Gulf Stream

b) Humboldt

20

What is an ideal soil type for viticulture?
a) dense black soil that is rich with an excess of nutrients
b) moist soil that retains water with very high levels of nitrogen
c) a soil with relatively few nutrients and good drainage

c) a soil with relatively few nutrients and good drainage

21

Which type of soil is associated with chlorosis in a vine?
a) limestone
b) clay
c) sand

a) limestone

22

How many buds are retained with spur pruning?
a) 2 - 3
b) 4 - 7
c) 7 – 9

a) 2 - 3

23

What are “Big Vines”?
a) very old vines
b) vines that are very tall
c) vines that have a lot of permanent wood and cover a large area

c) vines that have a lot of permanent wood and cover a large area

24

What is Pierce’s Disease?
a) fatal bacterial disease
b) a fungal disease that thrives in warm, humid conditions
c) a disease spread by nematodes

a) fatal bacterial disease

25

What is the treatment for Downy Mildew?
a) sulphur-based spray
b) copper-based spray (Bordeaux mixture)
c) vines must be dug up

b) copper-based spray (Bordeaux mixture)

26

What are nematodes?
a) a fungal disease that likes humid conditions
b) microscopic worms that attack the roots of a vine
c) a root louse with a very complex life cycle that can destroy the vine

b) microscopic worms that attack the roots of a vine

27

What is meant by a high input vineyard site?
a) excess use of fertilizer and spraying
b) site has plenty of water, sunlight, heat and nutrients
c) the vine has very little resources and needs help

b) site has plenty of water, sunlight, heat and nutrients

28

Which is caused by the same fungus as Grey Rot?
a) Downy Mildew
b) Powdery Mildew
c) Noble Rot

c) Noble Rot

29

What is the most effective solution used to protect the grapes from birds and mammals?
a) scare crows
b) netting
c) shooting

b) netting

30

What is the principal advantage of machine harvesting?
a) speed
b) very little damage to the grapes
c) stalks are retained

a) speed