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Flashcards in Lxa. Test Questions, Fortified Wines Deck (111)
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1

What does flor need in order to thrive?
a) over 15.5% alcohol and warm temperatures
b) 15% alcohol, cool to moderate temperatures and high humidity
c) 15% alcohol, hot temperatures and residual sugar

b) 15% alcohol, cool to moderate temperatures and high humidity

2

How long must all Sherry be aged by law?
a) 1 year
b) 18 months
c) 3 years

c) 3 years

3

What alcohol % is an Oloroso Sherry fortified to?
a) 15%
b) 17%
c) 19%

b) 17%

4

What method is used for sweetening a Pale Cream Sherry?
a) the addition of sun-dried PX grapes
b) fermentation is stopped with alcohol leaving residual sugar in the wine
c) the addition of Rectified Concentrated Grape Must (RCGM)

c) the addition of Rectified Concentrated Grape Must (RCGM)

5

What style is an Oloroso Sherry?
a) deep brown with oxidative notes of toffee, leather and nuts
b) deep brown and intensely sweet with high residual sugar
c) amber with yeast derived aromas combined an oxidative character

a) deep brown with oxidative notes of toffee, leather and nuts

6

What is the maximum amount of wine a producer is allowed to draw from the solera over the course of the year?
a) one third
b) half
c) two thirds

a) one third

7

What is a criadera?
a) 600 litre oak barrel
b) a level of barrels in the Solera system
c) hot and drying wind that can raise the temperature up to 40°C

b) a level of barrels in the Solera system

8

What is the annual average millimetres of rainfall in Pinhão (Cima Corgo)?
a) 1200
b) 900
c) 700

c) 700

9

What does Tinta Cão contribute to the blend in Port?
a) gives a soft fruitiness
b) adds tannin
c) gives robust wines with perfumed aromas

b) adds tannin

10

Which of the following grapes is not used in Port?
a) Tinta Barroca
b) Tinta Negra
c) Tinta Roriz

b) Tinta Negra

11

What is the average ageing time of a vintage Port before it is bottled?
a) 18 months – 3 years
b) between 4 – 6 years
c) minimum 3 years ageing

a) 18 months – 3 years

12

What is an autovinifier?
a) a mechanical process using CO2 that is similar to pumping over
b) stainless steel vats where the cap is pressed down with piston-plungers
c) robotic feet that mimic that actions of foot treading

a) a mechanical process using CO2 that is similar to pumping over

13

In Port production, the fermenting wine reaches what level of alcohol in order for fortification to happen?
a) 4 – 6%
b) 6 – 9%
c) 9 – 12%

b) 6 – 9%

14

What is a beneficio?
a) system to control Port production through grading classifications
b) system of planting vines vertically up the slopes
c) a style of Port from a single quinta

a) system to control Port production through grading classifications

15

What is another name for the Malvasia grape in Madeira?
a) Monastrell
b) Marsanne
c) Malmsey

c) Malmsey

16

What is an Estufa?
a) a method of fortification
b) stainless steel containers for heating wine
c) large oak barrels for ageing wine

b) Stainless steel containers for heating wine

17

Which grape is used in Madeira?
a) Tinta Barroca
b) Tinta Cão
c) Tinta Negra

c) Tinta Negra

18

What is the minimum ageing requirement for a wine aged in the Canteiros system?
a) 1 year
b) 3 years
c) 5 years

b) 3 years

19

Which of the following ACs allows the use of the inferior Muscat of Alexandria grape?
a) Muscat de Beaumes de Venise
b) Muscat de Saint Jean de Minervois
c) Muscat de Rivesaltes

c) Muscat de Rivesaltes

20

What is the principal grape used in Banyuls?
a) Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains
b) Grenache
c) Touriga Nacional

b) Grenache

21

Where in Australia is the Rutherglen region located?
a) Western Australia
b) New South Wales
c) Victoria

c) Victoria

22

Port Grapes?
Touriga
2

Nacional,
Franca

23

Port Grapes?
Tinta
3

Barr oca, (Fruity)
Cao, (Tannin)
Roriz (Finesse)

24

Name the Three zones of the Douro Valley?

Ba ixo Corgo,
Cima Corgo,
Douro Superior

25

Jeraz soil types?
(3)

Al bar iza (Main soil, Chalk)
Arenas (Sandy),
Barros (Clay)

26

What are Blended Sherries know as?

Vinos Generosos de Licor

27

What is Pale Cream Sherry?

Fino blended with RCGM.
(Rectified Concentrated Grape Must)

28

What is Medium Sherry?

Amontillado blended with naturally sweet Sherries.

29

What is Cream Sherry?

Oloroso and Sweet Sherries

30

What is the name of the new wine that is a resting period?

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