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Flashcards in Lfb. Bordeaux Deck (49):
1

How many châteaux are in Premier Grand Cru Classé A?
a) 2
b) 8
c) 3

a) 2

2

Which region is not located on the left bank in Bordeaux?
a) Pessac- Léognan
b) Bourg
c) Haut-Medoc

b) Bourg

3

What is the typical ageing time in oak for a top red Bordeaux?
a) 15 – 18 months
b) 8 – 12 months
c) 24 – 36 months

a) 15 – 18 months

4

Which château was not included into the first ranking for the original 1855 classification?
a) Château Haut-Brion
b) Château Mouton-Rothschild
c) Château Latour

b) Château Mouton-Rothschild

5

What does Petit Verdot add to a blend?
a) tannin with exotic spicy notes
b) tannin with blackcurrant fruit
c) softness and richness

a) tannin with exotic spicy notes

6

What type of climate does Bordeaux have?
a) warm continental
b) moderate maritime
c) moderate Mediterranean

b) moderate maritime

7

What area of Bordeaux does the classification of Cru Bourgeois apply to?
a) Médoc
b) Saint-Emilion
c) Pomerol

a) Médoc

8

Which area does not belong in the 1855 Classification?
a) Médoc
b) Sauternes
c) Pomerol

c) Pomerol

9

Where are the vineyards for Pétrus and Le Pin located?
a) Pomerol
b) Saint-Emilion
c) Saint-Julien

a) Pomerol

10

What is the dominant grape in a Entre-Deux-Mers?
a) Merlot
b) Sauvignon Blanc
c) Semillon

b) Sauvignon Blanc

11

What type of soil does Cabernet Sauvignon do best on in Bordeaux?
a) clay
b) gravel
c) sand

b) gravel

12

Where is Château d’Yquem located?
a) Haut-Medoc
b) Blaye
c) Sauternes

c) Sauternes

13

Which is the dominant grape in Sauternes?
a) Semillon
b) Sauvignon Blanc
c) Muscadelle

a) Semillon

14

What style of wine is Barsac most similar to?
a) easy drinking Merlot based reds from the right bank
b) Sauternes
c) Quality whites from Pessac-Leognan

b) Sauternes

15

Where is Château Haut-Brion located?
a) Haut-Medoc
b) Graves
c) Pomerol

b) Graves

16

The châteaux from the Médoc that were included in the 1855 Classification are known as?

Crus Classés

17

The châteaux from the Médoc that were NOT included in the 1855 Classification are known as?

Cru Bourgeois

18

After the collapse of the Cru Bourgeois classification it is back as?

Labelling term

19

The soils in the SOUTH of Graves and Entre de Mers is mostly?

Sandy

20

Which District AC's are associated with "Cotes de Bordeaux"

Blaye.
Cadilac.
Castillion.
Francs

21

Why can Cabernet Sauvignon successfully ripen in the Medoc / Graves area of Bordeaux?

Because of the high stone gravel content of the soil reflecting heat back.

22

Name the 2 areas where Cabernet Sauvignon can successfully ripen?

Medoc.
Graves

23

What percentage of Cabernet Sauvignon typically make up in the Medoc / Graves regions?

75%

24

What region is Cabernet Franc more dominant in?

St. Emilion

25

What is the most widely planted grape in Bordeaux?

Merlot

26

Which grape is better suited to produce a more appealing inexpensive wine?

Merlot

27

Which is the most widely planted white grape in Bordeaux?

Semillon

28

Single varietal, dry white wine is most likely made from?

Sauvignon Blanc

29

Which grape has a supporting role of pronounced grapey / floral flavour in sweet and dry wine production?

Muscadelle

30

The majority of wine makers in Bordeaux de-stem. T/F?

True

31

What is the top wine in wine of Bordeaux known as?

Grand Vin

32

What is the typical time spent in oak?

15 to 18 months

33

Name 4 factors that has improved the quality of white wines in Bordeaux?

Reduced use of Sulfur.
Stainless Steel.
Temperature control.
Healthy Ripe Grapes

34

Pessac Leognan is know for?

The best dry white wines.

35

Dry white wines from Pessac Leognan are fermented in new oak casks? T/ F

True

36

What level of Alcohol is typical of a Bordeaux Sweet wine?

High

37

What is the length of maturation for Bordeaux Sweet wine?

3 years New Oak.

38

What is the location of Graves in Bordeaux?

Left Bank.
South of Pessac Leognan

39

What is the location of Barsac?

Left Bank.
North of Sauternes

40

What is the location of Cerons?

Left Bank.
North of Barsac

41

Where is Cadillac Located?

Right side of Garonne River. (Not Right Bank)

42

Where is Castillon?

East of St. Emillion

43

Where is Fronsac?

Right Bank
West of Pommeral

44

La Place de Bordeaux.
What is it?

Chateaux sell to Merchants (negociants)
Brokers (Courtiers) arrange sale between them.

45

La Place de Bordeaux, what are the Merchants referred as?

Negociants

46

La Place de Bordeaux, what are the Brokers refereed as?

Courtiers

47

What is the advantage of "La Place de Bordeaux"/

Potentially huge sales force.

48

Where is Fronsac / Canon Fronsac

Just west of Pommeral

49

What is En Primeur Sales?

Wines released in a number of tranches. Limited quantities to test the market.
Price increases with each tranche.
Cash flow while the wines are ageing.