Flashcards in Learning Disability Deck (19)
What is learning disability?
A condition of arrested or incomplete development of the mind.
Criteria of LD?
Developmental aetiology (<18 years)
Deficits in adaptive functioning
How is learning disability assessed?
Wechsler adult inteligence scale (WAIS)
What is the flynn effect?
The effect that IQ seems to have increased by an average of three points per decade since 1930
IQ for mild LD
IQ for borderline IQ?
Signs of mild LD
Fully independant however
Difficulty reading or writing
IQ and signs of moderate LD?
35-49, mental age 6 to 9 years
Slow comprehension and language
Delayed self care
Simple practical asks often require supervision
Epilepsy and physical disability common
Severe LD IQ?
20-34 Mental age 3-6 years
Profound LD IQ and signs?
less than 20 Under 3 years
Severe limitations in abiltiy to understand instructions
Little/no self care
Often severe mobility restriction
Basic or simple tasks may be acquired
Downs genetic abnormality
Patau genetic abnormality
Edwards genetic abnormality
Prader willi genetic abnormality
15 Q (Paternally derived)
Angelman syndrome genetic abnormality
15 Q (Maternally derived)
Missing X chromosome
Prenatal factors causing LD
Exposure to meds or drugs