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Psychiatry Week 3 > Learning Disability > Flashcards

Flashcards in Learning Disability Deck (19)
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1

What is learning disability?

A condition of arrested or incomplete development of the mind.

2

Criteria of LD?

IQ<70

Developmental aetiology (<18 years)

Deficits in adaptive functioning

3

How is learning disability assessed?

Wechsler adult inteligence scale (WAIS)

Clin findings

4

What is the flynn effect?

The effect that IQ seems to have increased by an average of three points per decade since 1930

5

IQ for mild LD

50-69

6

IQ for borderline IQ?

70-84

7

Signs of mild LD

Delayed speech

Fully independant however

Difficulty reading or writing

8

IQ and signs of moderate LD?

35-49, mental age 6 to 9 years

Slow comprehension and language

Delayed self care

Simple practical asks often require supervision

Epilepsy and physical disability common

9

Severe LD IQ?

20-34 Mental age 3-6 years

10

Profound LD IQ and signs?

less than 20 Under 3 years

Severe limitations in abiltiy to understand instructions

Little/no self care

Often severe mobility restriction

Basic or simple tasks may be acquired

11

Downs genetic abnormality

Trisomy 21

12

Patau genetic abnormality

Trisomy 13

13

Edwards genetic abnormality

Trisomy 18

14

Prader willi genetic abnormality

15 Q (Paternally derived)

15

Angelman syndrome genetic abnormality

15 Q (Maternally derived)

16

Turners syndrome

Missing X chromosome

17

Klinefelter syndrome?

XXY

18

Prenatal factors causing LD

Maternal infection-

Exposure to meds or drugs

Alcohol

Poor diet

19

Genetic causes of LD?

PKU

Tuberous Sclerosis

Congen hypothyroid

Lesch nyhan syndrome