Lección 15: El bienestar Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lección 15: El bienestar Deck (288):
1

To lose weight; To slim down

adelgazar

2

To reduce stress

aliviar el estrés

3

To reduce tension

aliviar la tensión

4

To hurry; To rush

apurarse; darse prisa

5

To gain weight

aumentar de peso; engordar

6

To warm up

calentarse (e:ie)

7

To enjoy; To reap the benefits (of)

disfrutar (de)

8

To train

entrenarse

9

To be on a diet

estar a dieta

10

To be in good shape

estar un buena forma

11

To work out

hacer gimnasia

12

To lead a healthy lifestyle

llevar una vida sana

13

To stay in shape

mantenerse en forma

14

To be under a lot of pressure

sufrir muchas presiones

15

To try (to do something)

tratar de (+ inf.)

16

Drug

la droga

17

Drug addict

el/la drogadicto/a

18

Active

activo/a

19

Weak

débil

20

In excess; Too much

en exceso

21

Flexible

flexible

22

Strong

fuerte

23

Sedentary

sedentario/a

24

Calm; Quiet

tranquilo/a

25

Well-being

el bienestar

26

TV junky

el/la teleadicto/a

27

Massage

el masaje

28

No smoking

no fumar

29

To stretch; To do stretching exercises

Hacer ejercicios de estiramiento.

30

Aerobics class

la clase de ejercicio aeróbicos

31

To exercise

Hacer ejercicio

32

Sweat; Perspire

Sudar

33

The treadmill belt

la cinta caminadora

34

Treadmill

la cinta

35

Trainer

el/la entrenador/a

36

Muscle

el músculo

37

To lift weights

levantar pesas.

38

To do aerobics exercises

Hacer ejercicios aeróbicos.

39

Antonym

antónimo

40

Alcoholic beverage

la bebida alcohólica

41

Caffeine

la cafeína

42

Calorie

la caloría

43

Afternoon snack

la merienda

44

Nutrition

la nutrición

45

Nutritionist

el/la nutricionista

46

To eat a balanced diet

comer una dieta equilibrada

47

To consume alcohol

consumir alcohol

48

Decaffeinated

descafeinado/a

49

Fat (food group)

la grasa

50

Protein (food group)

la proteína

51

Cholesterol

colesterol

52

Vitamins

las vitaminas

53

Minerals

los minerales

54

Nutrition Groups

grupos alimenticios

55

Advantages

ventajas

56

Weekly

semanales

57

Level

nivel

58

Source

fuente

59

Lately

últimamente

60

Equipment

equipo

61

Attracts

atraiga

62

Member/s

socio/s

63

What a shame that they were not able to come.

Qué lástima que no hayan podido venir.

64

Especially Maru.

Sobre todo Maru.

65

He/She has been under a lot of pressure.

Él/Ella ha estado bajo mucha presión.

66

I think they had already come (here) before.

Creo que ellos ya habían venido antes.

67

Had you been (here) before?

¿Ustedes ya habían venido antes?

68

Yes. I have wanted to come back ever since I read the Chilam Balam.

Sí. He querido regresar desde que leí el Chilam Balam.

69

Remember when dad brought us?

¿Recuerdas cuando nos trajo papá?

70

When we got to the top, you started to cry.

Al llegar a la cima, comenzaste a llorar.

71

I had always maintained a healthy lifestyle before starting college.

Siempre había llevado una vida sana antes de entrar a la universisdad.

72

We offer many services to relieve stress.

Ofrecemos varios servicios para aliviar el estrés.

73

I would like a massage.

Me gustaría un masaje.

74

Top; peak

la cima

75

Step

el escalón

76

Wall

el muro

77

To make a decision.

tomar una decisión.

78

I didn't realize.

No me di cuenta.

79

Hangman

el/la ahorcado/a

80

Bath

baño

81

Hot spring

terma

82

Benefit

beneficio

83

Mud

lodo

84

Centuries

siglos

85

Springs

manantiales; fuentes

86

Springs forth

surge

87

Small pools

pozas

88

Ponds

estanques

89

Caves

cuevas

90

Treatments

tratamientos

91

Skin

piel

92

Has given

ha dado

93

Spas

balnearios

94

Waterfalls

cascadas

95

Seaweed

algas

96

Steam and medicinal herb baths

temazcales

97

Mud

barro

98

Sit-ups

los abdominales

99

Stationary bicycle

la bicicleta estática

100

(Muscular) cramp

el calambre muscular

101

Bodybuilding

el (fisi)culturismo; la musculación (Esp.)

102

Push-ups

las flexiones de pecho; las lagartijas (Méx., Col.); las planchas (Esp.)

103

Beliefs

creencias

104

Tiles

baldosas

105

Walks barefoot

anda descalzo

106

Get cold

se enfrían

107

To set

fijar

108

Seed

semilla

109

Value

valor

110

Iron

hierro

111

Grains

granos

112

Flour

harina

113

Replacement

reemplazo

114

Oats

avena

115

What is the present indicative of haber in the yo form?

he

116

What is the present indicative of haber in the tú form?

has

117

What is the present indicative of haber in the Ud./él/ella form?

ha

118

What is the present indicative of haber in the nosotros/as form?

hemos

119

What is the present indicative of haber in the vosotros/as form?

habéis

120

What is the present indicative of haber in the Uds./ellos/ellas form?

han

121

To have just (done something)

acabar de + [infinitive]

122

Once

una vez

123

A couple of times

un par de veces

124

A few times

algunas veces

125

Several times

varias veces

126

Many times; often

muchas veces

127

Depressed; dejected

deprimido

128

Past perfect indicative of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the yo form

había cerrado

129

Past perfect indicative of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the tú form

habías cerrado

130

Past perfect indicative of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the Ud./él/ella form

había cerrado

131

Past perfect indicative of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the nosotros/as form

habíamos cerrado

132

Past perfect indicative of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the vosotros/as form

habíais cerrado

133

Past perfect indicative of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the Uds./ellos/ellas form

habían cerrado

134

Past perfect indicative of -er verbs (perder) in the yo form

había perdido

135

Past perfect indicative of -er verbs (perder) in the tú form

habías perdido

136

Past perfect indicative of -er verbs (perder) in the Ud./él/ella form

había perdido

137

Past perfect indicative of -er verbs (perder) in the nosotros/as form

habíamos perdido

138

Past perfect indicative of -er verbs (perder) in the vosotros/as form

habíais perdido

139

Past perfect indicative of -er verbs (perder) in the Uds./ellos/ellas form

habían perdido

140

Past perfect indicative of -ir verbs (asistir) in the yo form

había asistido

141

Past perfect indicative of -ir verbs (asistir) in the tú form

habías asistido

142

Past perfect indicative of -ir verbs (asistir) in the Ud./él/ella form

había asistido

143

Past perfect indicative of -ir verbs (asistir) in the nosotros/as form

habíamos asistido

144

Past perfect indicative of -ir verbs (asistir) in the vosotros/as form

habíais asistido

145

Past perfect indicative of -ir verbs (asistir) in the Uds./ellos/ellas form

habían asistido

146

How do you indicate that an action, event, or state has already occurred before another?

Use "ya."
-Remember ya cannot be place between haber and the past participle. (Cuando llegué, Raúl ya se había acostado.)

147

What is used with the past perfect to describe when the action, event, or state occurred?

antes de +[noun] or antes de +[infinitive]

148

Present perfect subjunctive of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the yo form

haya cerrado

149

Present perfect subjunctive of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the tú form

hayas cerrado

150

Present perfect subjunctive of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the Ud./él/ella form

haya cerrado

151

Present perfect subjunctive of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the nosotros/as form

hayamos cerrado

152

Present perfect subjunctive of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the vosotros/as form

hayáis cerrado

153

Present perfect subjunctive of -ar verbs (cerrar) in the Uds./ellos/ellas form

hayan cerrado

154

Present perfect subjunctive of -er verbs (perder) in the yo form

haya perdido

155

Present perfect subjunctive of -er verbs (perder) in the tú form

hayas perdido

156

Present perfect subjunctive of -er verbs (perder) in the Ud./él/ella form

haya perdido

157

Present perfect subjunctive of -er verbs (perder) in the nosotros/as form

hayamos perdido

158

Present perfect subjunctive of -er verbs (perder) in the vosotros/as form

hayáis perdido

159

Present perfect subjunctive of -ir verbs (asistir) in the yo form

haya asistido

160

Present perfect subjunctive of -ir verbs (asistir) in the tú form

hayas asistido

161

Present perfect subjunctive of -ir verbs (asistir) in the Ud./él/ella form

haya asistido

162

Present perfect subjunctive of -ir verbs (asistir) in the nosotros/as form

hayamos asistido

163

Present perfect subjunctive of -ir verbs (asistir) in the vosotros/as form

hayáis asistido

164

Present perfect subjunctive of -ir verbs (asistir) in the Uds./ellos/ellas form

hayan asistido

165

I hope that you have eaten well.

Espero que hayas comido bien.

166

I have begun to go to the gym regularly.

He empezado a ir al gimnasio con regularidad.

167

Before 2001, I had already lived in three different countries.

Antes de 2001, yo ya había vivido en tres países diferentes.

168

Is about

que trata

169

Threatens

amenaza

170

Story

cuento

171

Dawn broke warm

amaneció tibio

172

Early riser

el/la madrugador/a

173

Office (political)

gabinete

174

Glass cabinet

vidriera

175

Dentures

dentadura postiza

176

Still set

montada aún

177

plaster

yeso

178

Handful

puñado

179

gold (color)

dorado

180

Held by suspenders

sostenidos con cargadores

181

Deaf

sordos

182

He turned the drill

rodó la fresa

183

To polish

pulir

184

Vultures

gallinazos

185

Ridge

caballete

186

It would rain again

volvería a llover

187

Harsh voice

voz destemplada

188

Gold (element)

oro

189

Small cardboard box

carjita de cartón

190

Bridge

puente

191

He will shoot you

te pega un tiro

192

Without haste

sin apresurarse

193

Drawer

gaveta

194

He turned

hizo girar

195

Resting

apoyada

196

Threshold

umbral

197

Cheek

mejilla

198

Swollen

hinchada

199

Beard

barba

200

Faded

marchitos

201

Were boiling

hervían

202

China bottles

pomos de loza

203

Cloth screen

cancel de tela

204

Was appraoching

se acercaba

205

Heels

talones

206

Jaw

mandíbula

207

Cautious

cautelosa

208

Saucepan

cacerola

209

Pliers

gatillo; pinzas

210

Spittoon

escupidera

211

Washstand

aguamanil

212

Wisdom tooth

cordal

213

Clung

se afferó

214

Arms

barras

215

Unloaded

descargó

216

Icy hollowness

vacío helado

217

Kidneys

riñones

218

He didn't let out a sigh

no soltó un suspiro

219

Wrist

muñeca

220

Bitter tenderness

amarga ternura

221

Lieutenant

teniente

222

Crunch

crujido

223

Through

a través de

224

Sweaty

sudoroso

225

Panting

jadeante

226

He unbuttoned

se desabotonó

227

Blindly

a tientas

228

Pocket

bolsillo

229

Cloth

trapa

230

Ceiling with the paint sagging

cielorraso desfondado

231

Dusty spiderweb

telaraña polvorienta

232

Rinse your mouth out with

haga buches de

233

Clues

pistas

234

Speech

discurso

235

Genre

género

236

Purpose

propósito

237

Audience

público

238

Should have included

debía haber incluido

239

If

si

240

Ball

pelota; balón

241

Physical appearance

apariencia física

242

You would be

serías

243

According to

según

244

To return; To give back

devolver

245

To hide; To disguise

disimular

246

I would have liked

me hubiera gustado

247

To put (something) in, To introduce

meter

248

Hairstyle

el peinada

249

To take after

salir (igual) a

250

If they knew

si supieron

251

Stiff

tieso/a

252

To make fun (of)

burlarse (de)

253

To hide (oneself)

esconder(se)

254

Strength

la fuerza

255

Proud

orgulloso/a

256

To fight (with one another)

pelear(se)

257

Feature; Characteristic

el rasgo

258

To feel self-conscious

sentirse cohibido/a

259

He would have liked

le habría gustado

260

Tricks

trucos

261

Could

podría

262

Parrot

perico

263

Porcupine

puercoespín

264

Hey, there's no way through.

Ey, no hay paso.

265

Teacher

el/la maestro/a; el/la profesor/a

266

Relieved

aliviado

267

Influences

influye

268

Superpower

superpoder

269

Involves

implica

270

Jump; Leap

saltar

271

Moorish; Arab

árabe

272

Hustle and bustle

el bullicio

273

To fight stress

combatir el estrés

274

Noise

el ruido

275

To survive

sobrevivir

276

Amusement parks

parques de diversiones

277

Half

mitad

278

Descent

ascendencia

279

High plateau

altiplano

280

Seat

sede

281

Umbrella

paraguas

282

God

dios

283

Empire

imperio

284

Groups

conjuntos

285

Make known

dan a conocer

286

Around

alrededor

287

Ancestors

antepasados

288

Wide

ancho