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Flashcards in The present subjunctive forms. Deck (37):
1

Present subjective endings of -ar verbs.

yo - e
tú - es
Ud./él/ella - e
nosotros/as - emos
vosotros/as - éis
Uds./ellos/ellas - en

2

Present subjective endings of -er and -ir verb

yo - a
tú - as
Ud./él/ella - a
nosotros/as - amos
vosotros/as - áis
Uds./ellos/ellas - an

3

What happens to the ending of irregular verbs in the subjective form?

The -o changes to an -a. (vengo - venga)

4

What happens to verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar in the present subjective form?

-Change the -ca to -qu and drop the -r. (sacar - saque)
-Change the -ga to -gu and drop the -r. (jugar - juegue)
-Change the -zar to a -c (almorzar - almuerce)

5

What happens to the -ar and -er stem changing verbs in the present subjective form?

They have the same stem change as they do in the present indicative form. (pensar (e:ie) - piense); mostrar (o:ue) - muestre)

6

What happens to the -ir stem changing verbs in the present subjective form?

They have the same stem change as the do in the present indicative, but in addition the nosotros/as and vosotros/as form s undergo a stem change.
- The unstressed e changes to i, while the unstressed o changes to u. (pedir (e:i) - pidamos, pidáis); (sentir (e:ie) - sintamos, sintáis); (dormir (o:ue) - durmamos, durmáis)

7

The present subjective form of hay.

haya

8

The present subjective yo form of dar.

9

The present subjective yo form of estar.

esté

10

The present subjective yo form of ir.

vaya

11

The present subjective yo form of saber.

sepa

12

The present subjective yo form of ser.

sea

13

The present subjective tú form of dar.

des

14

The present subjective tú form of estar.

estés

15

The present subjective tú form of ir.

vayas

16

The present subjective tú form of saber.

sepas

17

The present subjective tú form of ser.

seas

18

The present subjective Ud./él/ella form of dar.

19

The present subjective Ud./él/ella form of estar.

esté

20

The present subjective Ud./él/ella form of ir.

vaya

21

The present subjective Ud./él/ella form of saber.

sepa

22

The present subjective Ud./él/ella form of ser.

sea

23

The present subjective nosotros/as form of dar.

demos

24

The present subjective nosotros/as form of estar.

estemos

25

The present subjective nosotros/as form of ir.

vayamos

26

The present subjective nosotros/as form of saber.

sepamos

27

The present subjective nosotros/as form of ser.

seamos

28

The present subjective vosotros/as form of dar.

deis

29

The present subjective vosotros/as form of estar.

estéis

30

The present subjective vosotros/as form of ir.

vayáis

31

The present subjective vosotros/as form of saber.

sepáis

32

The present subjective vosotros/as form of ser.

seáis

33

The present subjective Uds./ellos/ellas form of dar.

den

34

The present subjective Uds./ellos/ellas form of estar.

estén

35

The present subjective Uds./ellos/ellas form of ir.

vayan

36

The present subjective Uds./ellos/ellas form of saber.

sepan

37

The present subjective Uds./ellos/ellas form of ser.

sean