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Flashcards in Lecture 1 Deck (49):
1

Impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken, written and/or other symbol systems. The disorder may involve (1) the form of language (phonology, morphology, syntax), (2) the content of language (semantics), and/or (3) the function of language in communication (pragmatics) in any combination

Language Disorder

2

Form

morphology, phonology, and syntax

3

Content or meaning/vocab

Semantics

4

Use of language/function

Pragmatics

5

Form, Content, And Use Make up what?

Taxonomy of language

6

Expressive and Receptive also make up what?

Taxonomy of Language

7

Morphosyntactic

Form

8

Hallmark of DLD

Form/Morphosyntactic problems (morphology & syntax) EX: past tense, 3rd person singular, "he go to the store/he goes to the store is an ex of copulas)

9

Omission of morphosyntactic markers should be acquired by age ?

5

10

Omission of morphosyntactic markers include what?

past tense, third person singular, and copulas

11

What do older children have problems with in terms of Form (morphosyntactic)?

Overarching grammar problems including: WH questions, verb arguments, verb alternations --> make it hard when they write (use same pattern over and over; girl opening door, door is opening), complex syntax (using embedded clauses), pronominal reference (using he/she and not knowing which one they're talking about), errors tend to be omissions as opposed to wrong tense**

12

New umbrella name for Developmental Language Disorder

Child Language Disorder

13

Why do we call it a delay?

child is just behind & insurance won't pay because they think kid will catch up eventually

14

Kids with a Phonological (smallest unit of speech) processing problem in terms of Form (phonology) demonstrate problems with what?

1. discriminating and categorizing speech sounds (screen good but can't produce)
2. Produce speech sounds and meaningful phonemic contrasts (rhyme)
3. Remember novel sequences of speech sounds: why we give them nonsense words
4. Manipulating sounds: "pin" without /p/
*they have difficulties in available speech sounds and see the same speech error patterns*

15

Kids w/ a Content (semantics-meaning) problem demonstrate what?

1. Delayed first words
2. Difficulty learning new words
3. Naming errors/word finding problems
4. Multi-meaning words (haven't attached ending to words)
5. Semantic properties of words
*also have problems with jokes and metaphors, newonces of words*
-ex of changing meaning: "happy mom vs. sad mom"

16

Kids w/ a USE (Pragmatics) problem demonstrate problems with what?

1. Social Communication
2. DLD- tend to be immature rather than impaired (Look @ if the convo is way out in left field or if they're talking like a younger child)

17

Developmental age

Mental age

18

Mental age

If child is 5 years old but are nonverbal/have knowledge of 6 months old

19

How do we find out child's developmental Age?

Standardized test; looking for IQ:

20

Developmental age: you look for _____

IQ

21

What's the problem if you look at child's language compared to developmental/mental age?

If not a big discrepancy between their language @ mental is where their developmental age is

22

What's the problem with assessing mental age?

If the test is language based & most of them are (ex: directions) technically testing nonverbal

23

Another problem w/ assessing mental age referencing

Sometimes they're culturally biased: we would find LESSS of a discrepancy between their language & mental age & would penalize them for having little language therefore preventing kids from therapy who actually need it

24

What language areas do we see most impaired in school age children?

Morphology & syntax (morphosyntactic)

25

Use non-specific vocabulary (stuff, things, you know)

Semantic: info is not consolidated

26

Inability to repeat sentences

Syntax (word order)

27

Little or no eye contact

Pragmatics

28

incorrect word order in sentences

syntax

29

difficulty with turn taking

pragmatics

30

do not understand multiple meaning of words

semantics

31

using false starts (um, oh, well)

syntax

32

struggle to express wants and needs

semantics/pragmatics

33

confusion with figurative language (idioms, proverbs, jokes)

semantics?

34

subject-verb do not agree

syntax

35

incorrect verb tense

syntax

36

make demands instead of requests

pragmatics

37

difficulty using pronounts (i, she, he, his, ours)

syntax (me go to the store)

38

weak memory skills

semantics

39

trouble making up sentence using given words

pragmatics

40

add inappropriate comments

pragmatics

41

do not consider who is listening to their conversation

pragmatics

42

word finding problems

semantics

43

ask inappropriate questions

pragmatics

44

limited vocabulary

semantics

45

difficulty following directions

semantics

46

use of simple sentence patterns; noun plus verb plus noun

syntax

47

do not understand abstract concepts (more, less, letters, numbers, shapes)

semantics

48

cannot stay on the convo topic

pragmatics

49

use short, simple sentences

syntax