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Child Language Disorders > SLI > Flashcards

Flashcards in SLI Deck (55):
1

When talking about SLI, we're talking about..

older kids

2

A language disorder that delays the mastery of language skills in children who have no hearing loss or other developmental delays.

SLI

3

Another name for SLI

developmental language disorder, language delay, or developmental dysphasia

4

SLI does NOT ______ with other disorders

coexist

5

Kids w/ SLI

1. don't say much
2. have difficulty expressing selves
3. doesn't pay attention
4. has difficulty understanding definitions
5. has reading and writing problems
6. problems w/ word tenses

6

Kids w/ SLI:

1. late talkers-don't produce words until 2
2. difficult to understand
3. difficulty learning new words
4. MORPHO-SYNTACTIC ERRORS
5. phonological problems-probs segmenting words w/ syllables, distinguishing phonemes
6. difficulty reading and writing-due to phonological problems and speech perceptions

7

kids w/ sli have difficulty w/ incidental learning

have to be explicitly taught

8

MORPHOSYNTACTIC errors in SLI

using regular and irregular verbs is hallmark feature-sounds like baby talk
-why he like me, he eat cookie

9

To have SLI, child must have:

expressive language disorder and/or receptive language disorder

10

There are limitations in cognitive areas like _____ and _______ in kids w/ SLI

memory and attention

11

Kid w/ SLI might show problems with one thing and not the other

these kids do have problems w/ cognition (problem solving, comprehension, etc.)
-visual processing tasks

12

if kid doesn't have problems with the across the board stuff that's an

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

13

Causes to SLI

we don't know! brain differences but don't know how it happened
1. genetics
2. environment

14

If you have SLI, you are more likely to have parents or siblings w/ probs

50-60% of these sli kids have a family member with the same disorder

15

Environment does influence manifestation

do speech therapy and improve outcomes!

16

Late talkers (not talking about sli kids)

in the typical range when you look at general language ability

17

Greater percentage of late talkers performed below age expectations

1. general language
2. speech
3. syntax
4. morphosyntax
5. NOT vocab or semantics

18

Late talkers do not show problems in what 2 areas?

vocab or semantics!

19

Late talkers are late language emergents

by 2 yeas old just having language emerge

20

Can late talkers catch up to typical peers?

catch up but aren't exactly like their peers

21

Late talkers fell within typical range but when you look at percentage of kids that fell within normal and below on subtest...found that:

kids who were late language talkers did perform below the normative expectations on the normal
-20% fell below normal
-11% typically fell below
*twice as many who were late talkers fell below normal*
-7% of late talkers had speech problems vs. 2% typical

22

Are SLI same disorder or do they have same underlying cause?

don't have same etiology/underpinning
-can coexist but own disorders

23

dyslexia

learning disability characterized w/ problems in word recognition and spelling
-doesn't mean comprehension problem but if you have difficulty recognizing words, you might have dificulty comprehending tests

24

dyslexia is _______ in nature

phonological
-prob w/ phonology doesn't match up w/ their other cognitive abilities-see uneven profile when look @ language as a whole

25

What is the part of phonology that is most linked to dyslexia?

phonological awareness!
-problems w/ the sound structure of language
-have hard time w/ rhyme, onset

26

Kids w/ SLI also have problems w/

reading and literacy

27

Kids diagnosed w/ both sli and dyslexia did _______ on phonological processing measures

worse!

28

if kid only had dyslexia

also did worse
-so dyslexia= worse

29

Who did the worst?

kids w/ SLI & dyslexia, along w/ kids only having dyslexia

30

Kids w/ only SLI

did better-did mildly worse than typically developing

31

Potential underlying causes to SLI

1. sli and cognition-some cognitive skills suppressed but not all
2. working memory: system used to store small amounts of info briefly while keeping it accessible for mental manipulation/transformation
3. speed of processing
4. procedural learning

32

what 3 areas of cognition are different w/ SLI kids?

1. working memory
2. speed of processing
3. procedural learning

33

Leonard working memory

word and digital recall tasks as having child repeat words and then digits in order they were heard "dog, 1, shoe, 8, 2, apple"

34

woodcock-johnson working memory

short sentences to assess limitation in working memory that require sentence processing and concurrent word recall, short sentences introduced, true/false responses elicited following each sentence. these sentences tend to tap vocabulary and basic word knowledge-asked to recall last word

35

woodcock

get progressively harder

36

kids w/ sli did poor on

woodcock johnson-so working memory deficit in SLI

37

Most of us learn vocab in context

in order to get context, have to make sense of it by holding all the info in head-extract meaning while attaching to word

38

the speed of processing hypothesis that seeks to explain deficits in SLI, posits that children with SLI responsd slower than normally developing children AND in tasks w/ multiple steps the slowing in cumulative

TRUE

39

Children w/ SLI have been foudn NOT to be impaired in what?

reasoning!

40

late talkers and children w/ sli have diffiulty morphology and syntax

true

41

sli and dyslexia are not distinct disorders

false

42

a sli sometimes coexists w/ autism

false; no developmetnal delays

43

Speed of Processing

looking to see if it's a language problem or speed of processing

44

Speed of processing hypothesis

children w/ sli respond slower on all types of tasks and its cummulative so each task was slow
-the more steps the slower the processing*

45

nonlinguistic task

looking at processing would be everytime you see the #5 on the screen hit the button

46

linguistic task

when they say sentence and either the picture matched or did not match- or strike a key when 2 words rhyme

47

speed of processing results

kids w/ sli responded more slowly across both conditions-also included a group of kids w/ non specific language impairment and those are kids who have deficits in verbal and nonverbal
-both linguistic and nonlinguistic stimuli are processed slower in kids w/ SLI

48

declarative memory

memory bank-stores the conscious and recognizable facts and events-so the things that you learn (monkey is an animal that makes noise and climbs trees)

49

procedural learning

riding a bike, producing language because we repeat it over and over again
-important for syntax/grammar and we know that syntax/grammar is impaired in kids w/ SLI

50

procedural deficit hypothesis

some people believe that SLI is caused by a procedural deficit
-they thought it could have something to do w/ sequence-so if it's sequence specific it's more difficult to learn. for most of us, if we learn a sequence, the more frequently we practice the quicker we get

51

serial reaction time task-has sequence

so they had 48 kids w/ SLI-2 control groups: grammar kids were younger kids and age matched kids
-the kids w/ SLI perform the same as the grammar matched kids on the serial reaction time task.
-It was a motor seuence so it wasn't linguistic. They performed worse than their chronological aged peers/age matched.

52

Motor procedural learning task

didn't require a sequence- SLI performed like the age matched and they did better than the grammar matched

53

HSU's hypothesis

supported that it was a procedural deficit

54

implicit learning of word sequence

SLI kids did poor on this

55

serial reaction compared to motor

seiral: sli kids performed the same as kids w/ same grammatical level but they did worse than their age matched/chronological
vs.
motor procedural tasks: sli age matched did better than sli grammar matched