Lecture 16 - Life Cycle Nutrition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 16 - Life Cycle Nutrition Deck (64)
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1

Is it true that baby takes everything from mom during pregnancy?

No, first mom gets nutrients then placenta then baby.
-Baby only takes up Fe towards the end

2

What should you do to prepare for pregnancy?

-Achieve and maintain healthy body weight
-physically active
-Blanaced diet

3

In which trimester are abortions common?

T1 and T2 because mom might not even know she is pregnant at this time

4

What are critical periods?

Times of intense development and rapid cell division that only happen at certain times

5

Why is there folate supplementation in food?

Because at this time women don't really know if they are pregnant so in order to project them just in case

6

What is the critical period for neural tube development?

17-30 days of gestation

7

What happens when moms have periods of undernutrition?

Periods of undernutrition during key or regular parts of development could result in the underdevelopment of an organ which may lead to chronic disease for the baby

8

What is the most reliable measure of infant health?

Birthweight

9

Does weigh prior to conception affect baby?

yes can influence fetal growth
-undeerweight: increase preterm birth and infant death
-Overweight: medical complications and risk for infant

10

What happens if mom ingests a lot of glucose?

Glucose is transferred to the baby and then it can have a higher chance of developing diabetes at a younger age

11

How much weight gain is recommended?

Based on prepregnancy BMI
Normal weight- 25-35lbs
Underweight- 28-40lbs
Overweight- 15-25lbs

12

When are you not supposed to gain weight?

First trimester, but nutrient needs are very high

13

How many extra cals/day are women supposed to consumed based on their trimester?

1-0kcals
2-340kcals
3-450kclas

14

How many carbs are you supposed to intake?

135g/day
-want baby to grow on glucose and not ketone bodies

15

What is the protein requirement?

+25g/day

16

What is the fat requirement ?

no set limit but essential fatty acids are required DHA & EPA

17

What is morning sickness caused by and when does it happen??

Usually all day for 20 weeks, and caused by hormonal changes

18

What side effects of pregnancy occur due to baby crowding organs?

-Constipation and haemorrhoids
-Heartburn
-Food cravings

19

What is Pica?

When you eat non food items, usually hormone related and associated with iron deficiency anemia

20

What contributes to hale of children deaths world wide?

Malnutition coupled with LBW

21

How might Malnutrition impact fertility?

Reduce production of viable sperm

Amenorrheea

22

How might malnutrition impact early stages of pregnancy?

affects healthy placenta development

23

How might malnutrition impact fetal development?

-fetal growth retardation
-congenital malformations
-spontaneous abortions and stillbirth
-Preterm

24

What is gestational diabetes?

Develops in second half and leads to complications during labour and high infant birthweight
-can result in birth defects

25

What is the problem with having a baby when you are an adolescent?

Young moms are not fully developed and produce a lot of stress on the body

26

What is the problem with having a baby when you are older?

Complications often reflect a chronic condition

Risk to fetus

27

What heavy metals are especially bad for pregnancy?

Lead and Mercury

28

What bacterial illness are pregnant women most susceptible too?

20x more likely to get Listeria, found in soft cheese, unpasteurized products and frozen food.
-because of increased stress and reduced immune system they are more susceptible and risk to baby is serious

29

Why is caffeine bad for pregnancy?

-Crosses placenta
-Baby has limits to how much it can metabolize
-limit of 300mg/day ~2 cups

30

Why is alcohol bad for pregnancy?

Intoxication diffuses right into the embryo and effects cell development and can also cross the placenta
-irreversible effects