Flashcards in Lecture 16 - Life Cycle Nutrition Deck (64)
Is it true that baby takes everything from mom during pregnancy?
No, first mom gets nutrients then placenta then baby.
-Baby only takes up Fe towards the end
What should you do to prepare for pregnancy?
-Achieve and maintain healthy body weight
In which trimester are abortions common?
T1 and T2 because mom might not even know she is pregnant at this time
What are critical periods?
Times of intense development and rapid cell division that only happen at certain times
Why is there folate supplementation in food?
Because at this time women don't really know if they are pregnant so in order to project them just in case
What is the critical period for neural tube development?
17-30 days of gestation
What happens when moms have periods of undernutrition?
Periods of undernutrition during key or regular parts of development could result in the underdevelopment of an organ which may lead to chronic disease for the baby
What is the most reliable measure of infant health?
Does weigh prior to conception affect baby?
yes can influence fetal growth
-undeerweight: increase preterm birth and infant death
-Overweight: medical complications and risk for infant
What happens if mom ingests a lot of glucose?
Glucose is transferred to the baby and then it can have a higher chance of developing diabetes at a younger age
How much weight gain is recommended?
Based on prepregnancy BMI
Normal weight- 25-35lbs
When are you not supposed to gain weight?
First trimester, but nutrient needs are very high
How many extra cals/day are women supposed to consumed based on their trimester?
How many carbs are you supposed to intake?
-want baby to grow on glucose and not ketone bodies
What is the protein requirement?
What is the fat requirement ?
no set limit but essential fatty acids are required DHA & EPA
What is morning sickness caused by and when does it happen??
Usually all day for 20 weeks, and caused by hormonal changes
What side effects of pregnancy occur due to baby crowding organs?
-Constipation and haemorrhoids
What is Pica?
When you eat non food items, usually hormone related and associated with iron deficiency anemia
What contributes to hale of children deaths world wide?
Malnutition coupled with LBW
How might Malnutrition impact fertility?
Reduce production of viable sperm
How might malnutrition impact early stages of pregnancy?
affects healthy placenta development
How might malnutrition impact fetal development?
-fetal growth retardation
-spontaneous abortions and stillbirth
What is gestational diabetes?
Develops in second half and leads to complications during labour and high infant birthweight
-can result in birth defects
What is the problem with having a baby when you are an adolescent?
Young moms are not fully developed and produce a lot of stress on the body
What is the problem with having a baby when you are older?
Complications often reflect a chronic condition
Risk to fetus
What heavy metals are especially bad for pregnancy?
Lead and Mercury
What bacterial illness are pregnant women most susceptible too?
20x more likely to get Listeria, found in soft cheese, unpasteurized products and frozen food.
-because of increased stress and reduced immune system they are more susceptible and risk to baby is serious
Why is caffeine bad for pregnancy?
-Baby has limits to how much it can metabolize
-limit of 300mg/day ~2 cups