Lecture 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 4 Deck (18):
1

Aldehyde

Organic compound formed by oxidation of alcohol

2

Amine

Organic compound derived from ammonia by replaced of one or more hydrogen atoms by organic groups

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Amino group

Chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded by two hydrogen atoms.

4

Carboxyl group

A chemical group present in organic acids and consisting of a single carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group

5

Carbonyl groups

A chemicals group present in aldehydes and ketones and consisting of a carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen atom

6

Carboxylic acid

n organic acid containing a carboxyl group. The simplest examples are methanoic (or formic) acid and ethanoic (or acetic) acid.

7

Enantiomer

One of two compounds that are mirror images of each other.

8

Functional group

A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeletons of organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions.

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Geometric isomer

One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula and covalent arrangements but differ in spatial arrangements of their atoms owing to the inflexibility of double bonds

10

Hydrocarbon

An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen

11

Hydroxyl group

A chemical group consisting of an oxygen atom joined to a hydrogen atom.

12

Isomer

One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures and Therefore different properties

13

Ketone

Produced when the body burns fat for energy or fuel

14

Phosphate group

A chemicals group consisting of a phosphorus atom bonded to four oxygen atoms, important in energy transfer

15

Structural isomer

One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms

16

Sulfhydrl group

A chemical group consisting of a sulfur atom bonded to a hydrogen atom

17

Thiol

an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (–C–SH or R–SH) group (where R represents an alkane, alkene, or other carbon-containing group of atoms).

18

Alcohol

An organic chemical containing containing one or more hydroxyl groups