Lecture 4 part 2 Flashcards Preview

Critical Care > Lecture 4 part 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 4 part 2 Deck (13):
1

Diagnosis of actute MI STEMI/NSTEMI

Ischaemic symptoms, Diagnostsic ECG changes, serum cardiac elevations

2

Myocardial Infarction S/S?

Severe pain (crushing, in jaw, left arm, back, neck), SOB/Pulmonary oedema, Cold/clammy, arrhythmias, anxiety/panic, loss of consciousness, cardiac arrest

3

Acute causes of chest pain?

Angina, Myocardial infarction, Gastric, Musculoskeletal, Aneurysm, Pleural, unknown

4

What is Heart Failure?

An impairment of the pumping ability of the heart due to damage

5

What causes heart failure?

Increase in workload due to hypertension (due to atherosclerosis) of a malfunction valve

6

What is Hypertensive crisis?

Severely elevated BP, systolic 180 diastolic 110

7

Symptoms of Hypertensive crisis?

May have none, headaches, dizziness, visual deterioration, breathlessness, malaise

8

What is a hypertensive emergency?

Evidence of direct damage to organs as a result of severely elevated BP

9

(assessment and management of critically ill) Priorities of care:

determine problem, initial assessment/monitoring, reduce workload of heart, optimise cardiac output, detect complications/treat, pain relief, psychological support

10

(ECG) What is P wave?

Atrial depolarisation

11

(ECG) What is QRS?

Ventricular depolarisation

12

(ECG) What is T wave?

Ventricular repolarisation

13

How many leads in a 12 lead ECG?

10, combo of limb leads gives 12