Flashcards in Lecture 4 part 2 Deck (13):
Diagnosis of actute MI STEMI/NSTEMI
Ischaemic symptoms, Diagnostsic ECG changes, serum cardiac elevations
Myocardial Infarction S/S?
Severe pain (crushing, in jaw, left arm, back, neck), SOB/Pulmonary oedema, Cold/clammy, arrhythmias, anxiety/panic, loss of consciousness, cardiac arrest
Acute causes of chest pain?
Angina, Myocardial infarction, Gastric, Musculoskeletal, Aneurysm, Pleural, unknown
What is Heart Failure?
An impairment of the pumping ability of the heart due to damage
What causes heart failure?
Increase in workload due to hypertension (due to atherosclerosis) of a malfunction valve
What is Hypertensive crisis?
Severely elevated BP, systolic 180 diastolic 110
Symptoms of Hypertensive crisis?
May have none, headaches, dizziness, visual deterioration, breathlessness, malaise
What is a hypertensive emergency?
Evidence of direct damage to organs as a result of severely elevated BP
(assessment and management of critically ill) Priorities of care:
determine problem, initial assessment/monitoring, reduce workload of heart, optimise cardiac output, detect complications/treat, pain relief, psychological support
(ECG) What is P wave?
(ECG) What is QRS?
(ECG) What is T wave?