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What is critical care?

A branch of nursing concerned with the provision of organ or life support


What is a critically ill patient?

Patient that is at a high risk of actual or potential life threatening problems


What is the critical care classification 0 mean?

Patients whose needs can be met by normal ward care


What is the critical care classification 1 mean?

Patients at risk of their condition deteriating, or those recently relocated from higher acuity areas


What is the critical care classification 2 mean?

Patients requiring more detailed observation or intervention including support for a single failing organ system


What is the critical classification 3 mean?

Patients requiring advanced respiratory support alone or basic respiratory support together with atleast 2 organ systems


What are some examples of “at risk” patients

ED admissions, Trauma, Exacerbation of pre-existing disease (e.g Asthma, COPD), severe acute illness, shock, recovering from anesthesia, re-bleed post surgery.


What is the purpose of assessment?

To gather information that is relevant to dealing with actual or potential problems


What types of assessments are used when evaluating at risk patients?

Visual assessment, verbal assessment, Vital signs, risk assessment (scoring tools)


What is ABCDE?

Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability (consciousness), Exposure/Examination


What are some common obstructions of the airway?

Tongue, Vomit/blood, foreign bodies, lowered conscious level


What are some management techniques for upper airway obstruction?

Chin lift/head tilt, Recovery position, oropharangeal airway, suction