Lecture 5 (Neuro) part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 5 (Neuro) part 2 Deck (13):
1

What is Extradural/Epidural Heamatoma?

Arterial bleeds, compression may be rapid

2

What is Subdural Haematoma?

Venous, so slower to develop, may be acute or chronic.

3

What is Subarachnoid Haematoma?

Aneurysm rupture in the Circle of Willis

4

What is Intracerebral Haematoma?

Severe motion of the brain, or develop from a contusion; elderly, alcoholics, more vulnerable

5

In regard to traumatic Brain Injury what is the Goal of the nurse?

To treat Secondary Brain Injury

6

Describe Coma

A state of unresponsiveness from which the patient cannot be aroused to produce meaningful response

7

Lesions in Corticospinal & Corticobulbar tracts cause:

Weakness, or total paralysis of distal voluntary movement
Increased muscle tone and spasticity

8

Lesions in the Basal Ganglia cause:

Involuntary and increased movements or decreased movements
Don’t cause weakness or reflex changes

9

Lesions in the Cerebella Cause:

Abnormal range, rate and force of movements

10

Lesions in the Peripheral nerves cause:

Mixed sensory and Motor deficits
Decreased muscle tone and flaccid paralysis

11

What is Intracranial pressure?

The pressure exerted within the skull and meninges by the contents of the skull ie brain, CSF and cerebral Blood flow

12

What is meningitis?

Inflammation and infection of the pia mater, arachnoid mater, and the CSF filled subarachnoid space

13

What is Encephalitis?

Headache, fever, confusion, drowsiness, fatigue, seizures/convulsions, tremors, hallucinations and memory problems