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Flashcards in Lecture 7 Deck (20)
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A _____________________ is an area of a sensory field in which the presentation of stimuli will produce an alteration in the firing rate of a particular "upstream" neuron.

Receptive field

1

The _____________________ pathway to the visual association cortex processes "what" information, like explicit and episode memories.

Ventral

2

The _____________________ pathway processes "where" or "how" information such as implicit or procedural memories.

Dorsal

3

_____________________ results from damage to the central pathway to the visual association cortex, specifically the Function Face Area. When people have this condition, they cannot recognize faces.

Prosopagnosia

4

A _____________________ is a visual stimulus that is perceived as an object, while the _____________________ is a visual stimulus that is perceived as a background against which we see objects. These are relative concepts. The focus of individuals can even vary by culture!

Figure and Ground

5

_____________________ are like special memories of things we've seen previously. The idea is that we compare the new thing we are seeing to these memories.

Templates

6

_____________________ are similar to templates, but some difference (disparity) between what we saw before and what we are seeing now is acceptable. It's more like we are comparing what we are seeing now to the distinctive features of a category in our memory.

Prototypes

7

_____________________ theories of perceptual processing compare brain processes to computer processing.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

8

In depth perception, _____________________ cues rely on the use of both eyes, while _____________________ cues require the use of only one eye.

Binocular and monocular

9

The _____________________ is the perception of movement caused by the turning on and off of two or more lights, one at a time, in sequence. You can often see this phenomenon on road construction signs, and it's the reason objects in movies and on television seem to move.

Phi Phenomenon

10

_____________________ is the active process of locating and using information stored in memory.

Retrieval

11

_____________________ memory holds representations of the physical features of a stimulus and stores this information for a very brief duration.

Sensory

12

The _____________________ effect occurs when you remember the last thing you read, saw, or heard in a series of stimuli. It is theorized that your long-term memory is responsible for this effect.

Recency

13

The _____________________ effect occurs when you remember the first thing you read, saw, or heard in a series of stimuli. It is theorized that your long-term memory is responsible for this effect.

Primary

14

How we encode information affects later retrieval. This phenomenon, known as _____________________ makes it so that context clues, including emotional and physiological states as well as objects in the environment, can assist retrieval of our memories.

Encoding specificity

15

_____________________ rehearsal involves rote verbal repetition, or just saying something over and over, while _____________________ rehearsal involves meaningful processing of information and forming associations with previously stored memories.

Maintenance and elaborative

16

Explicit memories can be divided into two types. _____________________ memories are like a record of life experiences, while _____________________ memories consist of data, facts, and vocabulary.

Episodic and semantic

17

When a person experiences _____________________ interference, recently learned information information interferes with their ability to recall older information, but when a person experiences _____________________ interference, previously learned information interferes with their ability to remember new information.

Retroactive and proactive

18

In the _____________________ phenomenon, a person experiences an occasional problem with retrieval of information they are sure they know but can't immediately remember. Retrieval cues (context) may facilitate remembering.

Tip-of-the-tongue

19

_____________________ are mental frameworks for organizing knowledge. They can help us encode information on a deeper (meaningful) level, but they may also impair our ability to encode new information properly because we are trying to fit the new information into one incorrectly.

Schemas