Lecture # 7 Software Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture # 7 Software Deck (28):
1

What is SOftware

a computer program or collection of programs that is a precise set of instructions that tells hardware what ti do

2

What are the 4 major types of Operating Systems

Linux Unix WIndows Mac OS

3

what is an operating sytem

the interface between the hardware and the software; processes hardware inputs, sends signals to monitor, manages 7y allocates the computer's resources

4

Is Open Source software free?

not really, still need training nd hardware; rember TCO

5

Which Operating systems dominate desktop, server, tablet,a nd mobile

desktop=Windows
server=Windows
Tablet=Android
Mobile=Android

6

what is the definition of a platform

product that allows for the development and integration of other products & complementary goods

7

Where does the value of a product come from?
Where does the value of a platform come from?

product value comes from the manufacturing company
Platform value comes from manufacturer and the 3rd parties that develop complementary software

8

What does google want to do to laptops?

transform them into chrome books that export most of the hardware needs to the internet

9

What does ERP stand for and do?

Enterprise Resource Planning integrates many of the functions needed in an organization

10

Who are the leaders in ERP sales?

#1 SAP #2 Oracle

11

What are some different modules in an ERP Suite

SCM/Supply Chain Mgmt CRM/Customer relationship mgmt. BI/ Business Intelligence (provides reporting and decision reports)

12

What is a reference customer

a customer similar to you that you call to get a scouting report

13

What is distributed computing?

distributed computing breaks computing tasks down into pieces that are beign done in different places
EX: Google Mail, Google Search

14

What is a Thin Application/ Thick Application

Thin App is one that requires little to no but stil has good capabilities (small footprint on computer)
Thick App has large install with lots of capibilities (large footprint on computer)

15

What usually works closely with an ERP?

DBMS

16

What is a DBMS and what does it do

it is a Data base management sytem that allow for crating, maintaining, and manipulating data

17

What is the programming language equivalent of vocabulary and grammer

keywords and syntax

18

What is Firmware

software stored on nonvolatile chips that are permanent but can usually still be upgraded. usually insmaller devices

19

What is an embedded system

a specialty software that isinsterted into proctucts to make them smarter; backbone of internet of thngs EX:Otis elevator maintinece system

20

What is a sever

can refer to the software loaded on to a piece of hardware the fulfills the requests of other computers (can be a smaller machine or a server hardware) can also refer to hardware that fulfills the requests of other compouters

21

What is an API

Appliction Programming Interface/ programming guidleines that let other programmers know how to het a webservice to perform a task
Ex:google maps integration uses APIs

22

What is Service oriented architecture

a set of webservices built around an organizations procedures and processes

23

What is EDI & what does it do

Electronic Data Interchange/a set of rules that allow for computers to communicate 7 recieveing computers to read eh message/ its old and on its way out

24

What isXML and what does it do

Extensible markup language creates standards so that computers can communicate in a way that the receiving computer understand s the message. resolves issues of going across OSs and diff Hardware

25

What is IDE

Integrated Development Environment that contains an editor a debugger and a compiler(turns code for humans into 1 & 0)

26

What is a Script

a piece of code that runs within an application to automate prosesses

27

What % of IT costs are to keep the current mess running

70-80%

28

What is CMMI

Capability Maturity Model Integration/ analyzes the quality of a business practice ans suggests steps to improve it