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1

supine

lying down face up in anatomical position (palms up)

2

prone

lying face down in anatomical position (palms down)

3

abdominopelvic regions (quandrants)

right upper quadrant (RUQ)
right lower quadrant (RLQ)
left upper quadrant (LUQ)
left lower quadrant (LLQ)

4

abdominopelvic regions (regions)

right and left hypochondriac region
right and left lumbar region
right and left inguinal region
epigastric region
umibilical region
hypogastric region

5

(median) sagittal plane

plane running down midline of body that cuts it in half
or splits into right and left parts
x-axis

6

frontal/coronal plane

plane that splits body into front and back parts
z-axis

7

transverse plane

plane that splits body into top and bottom
y-axis

8

coelom

cavity in trunk divided into thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

9

flexion

decreases angle

10

extension

increases angle

11

adduction and abduction

toward and away from body (midline)

12

medial and lateral rotation

internal and external rotation

13

opposition
reposition

thumb to pinky
hand flat in anatomical position

14

pronation and supination

dorsal side of hand facing forward
palm facing forward (anatomical position)

15

inversion and eversion

plantar side of foot rotated inward
plantar side of foot rotated outward

16

retraction and protraction

pulling shoulder blades together and releasing shoulder blades (slouching)

17

varus and valgus

inward angulation of DISTAL SEGMENT (ankles in and knees out) and outward angulation of DISTAL SEGMENT (ankles out and knees in)

18

elevation and depression

close the mouth and open the mouth

19

protrusion/protraction
retrusion/retraction

jaw moves forward
jaw moves back to normal position

20

lateral excursion

lateral movement of jaw

21

movements in sagittal plane

flexion and dorsiflexion

22

movements in coronal plane

abduction and adduction
lateral flexion of trunk
upward and downward rotation of scapula
radial and ulnar deviation of wrist
elevation and depression of scapula

23

movements in transverse plane

medial or lateral rotation of shoulder or hip
pronation and supination of forearm
rotation of trunk, neck, or head

24

types of tissues

epithelium
connective
muscle
nerve

25

what is tissue

collection of similar cells and intercellular substances surrounding them
specialized cells and cell products that perform relatively limited number of functions

26

epithelium

covers body surfaces (skin)
lines body cavities
constitute secretory glands

27

what body cavities does epithelium line

respiratory and genito-urinary tracts
alimentary canals
peritoneal and pleural cavities

28

what secretory glands does the epithelium constitute

salivary glands
thymus
lacrimal
sweat glands
sebaceous glands
mammary glands

29

characteristics of the epithelium

cells closely apposed and adhere to each other by special junctions (layers that act as barriers)
avascular
regenerative
polar

30

polarity of epithelium

apical surface attached to basal surface
surfaces are structurally and functionally different