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Flashcards in Legislation and Treaties Deck (39):
1

Treaty of Tordesillas

Split the non-christian world between Spain and Portugal

2

Mayflower Compact

One of the first documents in America
Agreement on how to run the church
Gov. William Bradford

3

Navigation Acts

Ships must be build by the British
The captain and most of the crew must be British
All goods must travel on English or colonial ships
Cromwell's War against the Dutch
All goods from BNA had to be shipped to England, unloaded and taxed before they could be sold in the colonies

4

Britain's Declaration of rights

Possibly a rough draft of America's Declaration of rights
Crown can't make laws without parliment

5

Treaty of Ryswick

Ends king William's war
"Status quo ante-bellum"

6

Treaty of Utrecht

1713
Ends war of Spanish succession
seeming win for Britain
Gives England right to sell slaves in Spanish ports
Big time move into international slave trade

7

Treaty of Aix-la-Chappelle

1748
Ended the war of Austrian succession
only a truce

8

Treaty of Paris

1763
Negotiate new France for sugar islands
Britain gets all of French territory to the Mississippi

9

King George and PM Grenville's new colony policy

Colonies must pay for their own defense
Follow the navigation acts
End of wise and salutary neglect

10

Sugar act

1764
Taxes on goods imported to the colonies

11

Stamp act

1765
Every newspaper, official document, etc. must pay to have a stamp

12

Quartering act

1765
Colonies must pay for the feeding and housing of British troops

13

Declaratory act

Response to boycott of imported goods after the sugar act
Taxes drop dramatically on imports and exports
parliament saying "we aren't going to tax you but we could"

14

Townsend Duties/acts

Import duties on glass, lead, paper and tea
Different than sugar, stamp and quartering act
not just for paying for defense of colonies
used to pay for cost of administration
affirmed power of writs of assistance
courts in colonies without jury of peers
more enforcement of the navigation acts

15

Coercive/ intolerable acts

Set of 4 acts that angered colonists
March-May 1774

16

Boston port act

Closes Boston harbor until they pay for the Boston tea party

17

An act for the impartial administration of justice

British officials and soldiers cannot be tried in America

18

New quartering act

Any public building can be used to house troops

19

Massachusetts government act

All government in Massachusetts is suspended

20

Quebec act

Expands territory
appointed officials and counsel (no assemblies)
official church (Catholic)
Colonists fear that this will become the model for America

21

Peace of Paris

September, 1783
1. recognition of American independence
2. Spain gets Florida and retains land west of the Mississippi
3. American fishing rights for Newfoundland and NS
4. All debts revalidated
5. "earnest recommendation" to give land back to loyalists- doesn't happen
6. all British troops depart

22

Declaration of independence

Jefferson, Franklin, John Adams, R. Livingston, R. Sherman
Jefferson wrote most of it

23

Articles of Confederation

Accepted in 1781
first federal agreement/law
makes federal government very weak
no right to tax, only states could
no mechanism for enforcement
equal representation by state, not by population

24

Territorial ordinance

1784, proposed by Jefferson
Any territory with a population equal to the smallest state (Rhode Island) can become a state
10 territories qualify

25

Land Ordinance

1785, proposed by Jefferson
land surveys and sales
outlined a specific way for splitting up and selling land in the territories

26

Northwest ordinance

Makes it more complicated to become a state
Only 5 territories qualify
no slavery in any of the new northwest states

27

Constitution

Created a stronger central government than the AOC
protect from the tyranny of the majority (esp. religion)
representation by state and by population

28

Constitutional amendments

Must have a 2/3 approval in congress and ratified by 3/4 of the states

29

Bill of rights

first 10 constitutional amendments
Sam Adams needed in order to support the constitution
prompted more states to ratify the constitution

30

Whiskey tax

1791
affected people in outer parts of America more
Easier and cheaper to produce liquor than transport their crops

31

Pickney's treaty

Spain 1795
Gives America access to Mississippi and New Orleans
establishes and more southern boarder for Florida

32

Land act

1796
Doubles base price of western land ($2 per acre)
can only be sold in complete sections (640 acres)
aimed at keeping people in the east
changes after the change in administration

33

Alien and sedition acts

4 pieces of legislation
Against democratic/republicans
Many people argue that they are unconstitutional

34

Naturalization act

you need to be in America for 14 years before you can become a citizen (previously 5 years)

35

Alien act

allows the president to order and alien out of the country

36

Alien enemies act

aliens can be arrested without cause during times of war

37

Sedition act

illegal for aliens to speak out against the government and president or to hold assemblies

38

Revenue act

1798
taxes on houses, property, and slaves
many states already taxed these

39

Embargo act

non-intercourse
no trading with any other countries
trying to get England to remove the blockade
many people are unhappy about this
causes economy to struggle