Pre-European America Flashcards Preview

History 103 > Pre-European America > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pre-European America Deck (16):
1

Beringia

Bering strait, land bridge that connected Siberia and Alaska during the ice age
400-800 miles wide
Hunters followed large game

2

Creation stories

Many native american stories include belief in separate genesis

3

Archaic period

5000 BCE
First time american region could be inhabited

4

Domesticated animals

very few, limited things like agriculture and war
llamas and dogs domesticated from wolves

5

Neolithic revolution

move from gathering to cultivation
lack of animals for domestication
no wheat for cultivation
protected areas where animals/ plants naturally existed

6

3 sisters of Indian agriculture

wheat, soy, maize

7

Olmec civilization

Precursor to Mayans, core civilization
central America/ Mezoamerica

8

Mayans

Complex culture, irrigated fields, calendar and writing system

9

Mexica (Aztecs)

Fierce group of people
Built an empire
people resented leaders (taxes), some helped Spanish conquistadors

10

Anasazi, Pueblo-Hohokam, Mogollan

Horticulture, irrigation
southwest America

11

Cahokia

present day St. Louis
mound builders
wood hinge- help map and understand solar system

12

Tenochtitlan (mexico city)

larger than London
could house around 150,000
ceremonial center

13

Hopewell people

Mississippi river valley

14

Pre-contact Native pop

around 60-70 million natives in the Americas
pop estimates started at 2 million, variation in estimates

15

Death of Natives

Diseases- smallpox, tuberculosis, measles
virgin land epidemics
warfare
highest death rates in Caribbean, 90-95% in 150 years
around 60% in reast of Americas

16

Pre- contact societies

Around 2,000 separate groups
complex, high functioning societies
6 cultural zones: northeast (woodlands), great plains, southeast (Florida, Georgia, Alabama), southwest, great basin (between Rockies and east coast), northwest