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Flashcards in Lesson 1 Deck (130)
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1
Q

Translate to French:

hello

A

bonjour

hello - bonjour. Note that bonjour literally translates to "good day." You can use it to say "good morning" or "good afternoon" as well.

2
Q

Translate to French:

Good evening!

A

Bonsoir!

Good evening - Bonsoir. Note that bonsoir is a compound word formed from the words for "good" and "evening." It is used instead of bonjour to greet people in the evening.

3
Q

Translate to French:

My name is Marc

A

Je m'appelle Marc

my name is - je m'appelle. This literally translates to "I call myself..."

4
Q

Translate to French:

hi/bye

A

salut

hi/bye - salut. To informally greet or say goodbye to someone at any time of day, you can say salut.

5
Q

Translate to French:

Hello (on the phone)

A

Allo

Hello - Allo. Note that allo is only said when picking up the phone.

6
Q

Translate to French:

goodbye

A

au revoir

goodbye - au revoir

7
Q

Translate to French:

yes

A

oui

yes - oui

8
Q

Translate to French:

no

A

non

no - non

9
Q

Translate to French:

What is your name?

A

Comment vous appelez-vous?

What is your name? - Comment vous appelez-vous? Note that this literally translates to "How/What do you call yourself?"

10
Q

Translate to French:

please

A

s'il vous plaît

please - s'il vous plaît. This expression literally means, "if it pleases you." Note that with a close friend, you could say s'il te plaît.

11
Q

Translate to French:

Thank you

A

Merci

thank you - merci. Note that "no, thank you" would be non, merci.

12
Q

Translate to French:

You're welcome

A

De rien

you're welcome - de rien. Note that a formal alternative is je vous en prie.

13
Q

Translate to French:

Excuse me

A

Excusez-moi

excuse me - excusez-moi. Note that you could also say pardon, which translates more directly as "pardon me."

14
Q

Translate to French:

Welcome!

A

Bienvenue!

Welcome - Bienvenue

15
Q

Translate to French:

How are you?

A

Comment ça va?

How are you? - Comment ça va? This is sometimes shortened to Ça va?

16
Q

Translate to French:

(in a formal setting) How are you?

A

Comment allez-vous?

How are you? (formal) - Comment allez-vous?

17
Q

Translate to French:

I'm fine

A

Ça va bien

I'm fine, I'm OK - Ça va bien. This translates directly to "It goes well." Note also that bien is a common adverb -- "well."

18
Q

Translate to French:

I (would like to) introduce Jean to you

A

Je vous présente Jean

I (would like to) introduce ___ to you - Je vous présente ___

19
Q

Translate to French:

Can you help me?

A

Pouvez-vous m'aider?

Can you help me? - Pouvez-vous m'aider?

20
Q

Translate to French:

Of course

A

Bien sûr

of course - bien sûr

21
Q

Translate to French:

a boy

A

un garçon

a boy - un garçon. Note that singular masculine nouns use the indefinite article un.

22
Q

Translate to French:

a girl

A

une fille

a girl - une fille. Note that singular feminine nouns use the indefinite article une.

23
Q

Translate to French:

the boy

A

le garçon

the (masculine) - le. Note that singular masculine nouns use the definite article le.

24
Q

Translate to French:

the girl

A

la fille

the (feminine) - la. Note that singular feminine nouns use the definite article la.

25
Q

Translate to French:

a woman

A

une femme

a woman - une femme

26
Q

Translate to French:

a man

A

un homme

a man - un homme

27
Q

Translate to French:

a person

A

une personne

a person - une personne

28
Q

Translate to French:

the man

A

l'homme

For any singular (masculine or feminine) noun starting with a vowel or a mute "h," the correct definite article is l' instead of le/la. This is called a contraction, and it also happens with words like de and ne.

29
Q

Translate to French:

an American boy

A

un garçon américain

American (masculine adj.) - américain. Unless otherwise noted, adjectives are presented by default in their singular, masculine forms. Adjectives usually come after the nouns they modify. Note also that for the noun "an American," the translation would be capitalized: un Américain.

30
Q

Translate to French:

an American girl

A

une fille américaine

American (feminine adj.) - américaine. Adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. Here, the adjective's gender is feminine to match the gender of the noun. This is normally done by adding an "e" at the end, which causes the final consonant to be pronounced audibly.

31
Q

Translate to French:

a happy boy

A

un garçon heureux

happy - heureux. Remember that most descriptive adjectives are placed after the nouns they modify. There are some exceptions, which we will learn about elsewhere.

32
Q

Translate to French:

the happy girl

A

la fille heureuse

happy (feminine) - heureuse. Note that for adjectives ending with an "x," the ending in the singular feminine form changes to -se, where the "s" is pronounced audibly.

33
Q

Translate to French:

the women

A

les femmes

the (plural) - les. Note that the definite article for plural nouns, regardless of gender, is les. Note also that the plural is formed most often by adding an "s" to the end of the word in question.

34
Q

Translate to French:

some boys

A

des garçons

some (plural) - des. The indefinite article for plural nouns, regardless of gender, is des. Also note how the plural "s" added to the noun is not pronounced audibly.

35
Q

Translate to French:

(some) happy women

A

des femmes heureuses

happy (plural feminine) - heureuses. Remember that adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. For adjectives ending with an "x," in the plural feminine form the ending changes to -ses.

36
Q

Translate to French:

the boys and the girls

A

les garçons et les filles

and - et. Note that for the vast majority of French words ending in "t," the "t" is not pronounced.

37
Q

Translate to French:

a man or a woman

A

un homme ou une femme

or - ou

38
Q

Translate to French:

a student

A

un élève

a student - un élève. The feminine form of this noun is the same: une élève. For a university or graduate student, use étudiant.

39
Q

Translate to French:

the students

A

les élèves

Note the pronunciation of the "s" in les here. When a word ending with a normally silent consonant is followed by a word beginning with a vowel or mute "h," the normally silent consonant is pronounced. This is called a liaison.

40
Q

Translate to French:

a pretty girl

A

une jolie fille

pretty (adj.) - joli. Note that the singular feminine form is jolie. Adjectives dealing with beauty typically precede the nouns they modify.

41
Q

Translate to French:

to be

A

être

to be - être. Note that être is an irregular verb, as are the majority of the most commonly used verbs in French.

42
Q

Translate to French:

The girl is pretty

A

La fille est jolie

(he/she/it) is - est. Est is the third-person singular in the present tense of the verb être.

43
Q

Translate to French:

The man is sad

A

L'homme est triste

sad - triste

44
Q

Translate to French:

He is happy

A

Il est heureux

he - il

45
Q

Translate to French:

She is pretty

A

Elle est jolie

she - elle

46
Q

Translate to French:

He is rich

A

Il est riche

rich - riche. Note that the feminine form is the same.

47
Q

Translate to French:

She is very rich

A

Elle est très riche

very - très

48
Q

Translate to French:

The boy is cute

A

Le garçon est mignon

cute - mignon

49
Q

Translate to French:

The girl is cute

A

La fille est mignonne

cute (feminine) - mignonne. Note the singular feminine form of mignon. For any masculine form ending in "n" or "l," the feminine form doubles that consonant before adding an "e."

50
Q

Translate to French:

The boy is funny

A

Le garçon est drôle

funny - drôle. Note that the singular feminine form would remain drôle. Marrant also works as a translation for "funny."

51
Q

Translate to French:

The girl is attractive

A

La fille est attirante

attractive - attirant. Note that attirant has a slightly stronger emphasis on physical/sexual attraction than its English equivalent "attractive."

52
Q

Translate to French:

The boy is strong

A

Le garçon est fort

strong - fort. Note that the singular feminine form is forte.

53
Q

Translate to French:

The woman is poor

A

La femme est pauvre

poor - pauvre

54
Q

Translate to French:

The girl is rich but the boy is poor

A

La fille est riche mais le garçon est pauvre

but - mais

55
Q

Translate to French:

The man is ugly

A

L'homme est laid

ugly - laid. Note that laid only applies to people, so it is common to use moche, which applies to both people and things.

56
Q

Translate to French:

It's cool!

A

C'est cool!

it is, that is - c'est. Note that cool comes from English, and that an alternative is sympa.

57
Q

Translate to French:

I

A

je

I - je

58
Q

Translate to French:

I am a student

A

Je suis un étudiant

I am - je suis. Suis is the first-person singular in the present tense of the verb être, or "to be." For professions or occupations, you can skip using the indefinite article un/une: je suis étudiant.

59
Q

Translate to French:

I am with Julie

A

Je suis avec Julie

with - avec

60
Q

Translate to French:

I am sorry

A

Je suis désolé

I'm sorry - je suis désolé. If the speaker were female, it would be je suis désolée.

61
Q

Translate to French:

you

A

tu (informal/singular), vous (formal/plural)

you - tu, vous. The personal pronoun tu is typically used to address a single friend or child. Meanwhile, vous is used either to formally address one person or to address a group of people ("you all").

62
Q

Translate to French:

(to a close friend) You are cute

A

Tu es mignon

you are - tu es. Es is the second-person singular in the present tense of the verb être, or "to be."

63
Q

Translate to French:

(to several people) You are funny

A

Vous êtes drôles

you (many of you) are - vous êtes. Êtes is the second-person plural in the present tense of the verb être. Note that in this case, the adjective takes the plural masculine form.

64
Q

Translate to French:

(to a group of women) You are cute

A

Vous êtes mignonnes

Note the use of the plural feminine form of the adjective, mignonnes. If there were at least one male member of the group being addressed, you would use mignons.

65
Q

Translate to French:

(to a male superior) You are rich

A

Vous êtes riche

you (formal) are - vous êtes. Note that, although the verb is conjugated in the second-person plural, the adjective is singular (and masculine), as in this case you are formally addressing only one (male) person.

66
Q

Translate to French:

The child is sad

A

L'enfant est triste

a child - un enfant. Note that an informal alternative is gosse, which is masculine.

67
Q

Translate to French:

Jean is a naughty child

A

Jean est un méchant enfant

bad, naughty - méchant

68
Q

Translate to French:

He is a good child

A

C'est un bon enfant

good (adj.) - bon. Adjectives dealing with goodness (right and wrong) are often placed before the nouns they modify. Also note how il est is replaced by c'est here, because the noun that follows has been modified.

69
Q

Translate to French:

Albert is a young man

A

Albert est un jeune homme

young (adj.) - jeune. Note that adjectives dealing with age are often placed before the nouns they modify.

70
Q

Translate to French:

I am a small boy

A

Je suis un petit garçon

small - petit. Un petit garçon also translates to "a short boy." Note that adjectives dealing with size are often placed before the nouns they modify.

71
Q

Translate to French:

(to a close friend) You are a tall man

A

Tu es un homme grand

tall (person) - grand. When associated with objects, grand generally means "big." Grand is an adjective whose meaning depends on its placement around the noun.

72
Q

Translate to French:

a tall man; a great man

A

un homme grand; un grand homme

The meaning of the adjective grand depends on its placement around the noun, particularly if the noun is a person. Placed after the noun, adjectives like this often have a literal meaning (size/height in this case). Placed before the noun, they take on a figurative meaning (historical greatness in this case).

73
Q

Translate to French:

a poor woman; an unfortunate (poor) woman

A

une femme pauvre; une pauvre femme

Note how the placement of pauvre can alter its meaning. Used after the noun, it literally means "poverty-stricken." Placed before the noun, it takes on a more figurative meaning.

74
Q

Translate to French:

The (male) student is beautiful

A

L'étudiant est beau

beautiful - beau. Note that the plural masculine form is beaux.

75
Q

Translate to French:

a beautiful (male) student

A

un bel étudiant

Note that beau is changed to bel before masculine nouns beginning with a vowel or a mute "h."

76
Q

Translate to French:

The sports-loving boy is rich

A

Le garçon sportif est riche

sports-loving - sportif. Note that the singular feminine form is sportive. While there is no perfect English equivalent, sportif means someone who enjoys and plays sports. It is both a noun and an adjective.

77
Q

Translate to French:

The boy is brave

A

Le garçon est courageux

brave - courageux

78
Q

Translate to French:

The girl is humble

A

La fille est humble

humble - humble

79
Q

Translate to French:

She is smart

A

Elle est intelligente

smart - intelligent

80
Q

Translate to French:

He is dumb

A

Il est bête

dumb - bête. Note that stupide or idiot could work as alternatives.

81
Q

Translate to French:

The woman is bright

A

La femme est brillante

bright - brillant. Note that brillant can mean both "smart" and "shiny." Here we are of course addressing a person's intelligence.

82
Q

Translate to French:

The man is muscular

A

L'homme est musclé

muscular - musclé. Note that the singular feminine form is musclée. This adjective comes from the noun muscle, obviously meaning "muscle."

83
Q

Translate to French:

(to a close female friend) You are beautiful

A

Tu es belle

beautiful (feminine) - belle

84
Q

Translate to French:

You (informal) are gorgeous

A

Tu es magnifique

gorgeous - magnifique. Superbe and splendide also translate to "gorgeous." All three adjectives can convey greatness as well as good looks.

85
Q

Translate to French:

(to a female superior) You are well-dressed

A

Vous êtes bien habillée

well-dressed - bien habillé. We will learn more about adverbs like bien elsewhere.

86
Q

Translate to French:

he, she, one

A

il, elle, on

Note that in French, on is a neuter impersonal pronoun meaning "one": "One should respect the king" -- On devrait respecter le roi.

87
Q

Translate to French:

we

A

on (third-person singular), nous (first-person plural)

we - on, nous. The first-person plural pronoun nous is the literal translation of "we." However, in informal speech, Francophones frequently use the third-person singular pronoun on to mean "we." Recall that on is technically an impersonal subject pronoun that translates to "one."

88
Q

Translate to French:

We are women

A

On est des femmes. / Nous sommes des femmes

we are - on est, nous sommes. Note that while nous sommes is more literal, on est is much more commonly used in conversation to mean "we are."

89
Q

Translate to French:

We are sociable

A

Nous sommes sociables

sociable - sociable. Note the plural form of this adjective, since the subject is plural.

90
Q

Translate to French:

they

A

ils (masc.), elles (fem.)

they - ils, elles

91
Q

Translate to French:

They (women) are beautiful

A

Elles sont belles

they are - ils/elles sont. Sont is the third-person plural in the present tense of the verb être, or "to be."

92
Q

Translate to French:

They (male) are fit

A

Ils sont athlétiques

fit, athletic - athlétique, en forme

93
Q

Translate to French:

a big house

A

une grande maison

a house - une maison. La maison, which translates to "the house," usually signifies one's "home."

94
Q

Translate to French:

the children

A

les enfants

children, kids - enfants. Note that saying les enfants can connote "(the) kids" in the same way that a mother would call out to her own children.

95
Q

Translate to French:

The children are great

A

Les enfants sont super

super, great - super. Note that super can be used on its own: for example, "Great!" can be translated as Super! It is used informally, and is also a rare invariable adjective, meaning it does not change in gender or number.

96
Q

Translate to French:

He is nice

A

Il est sympa

likable, nice, cool - sympa. This is a shortened, informal form of the adjective sympathique. Another way of saying "nice" is gentil.

97
Q

Translate to French:

I am lost

A

Je suis perdu

I am lost - je suis perdu. If the speaker were female, it would be je suis perdue.

98
Q

Translate to French:

It's a small table

A

C'est une petite table

a table - une table

99
Q

Translate to French:

Food is ready/Dinner is served!

A

À table!

food is ready/dinner is served - à table. This is a typical French expression, used to call children to the table for a meal. The literal translation is "at the table!"

100
Q

Translate to French:

Enjoy your meal

A

Bon appétit

Enjoy your meal - Bon appétit. This translates directly to "good appetite."

101
Q

Translate to French:

a friend

A

un ami

a friend - un ami. Note that you can also use copain, the feminine form of which is copine.

102
Q

Translate to French:

He is Monsieur Martin's student

A

C'est un élève de Monsieur Martin

of, from - de. Note that this translates directly to "He is a student of Monsieur Martin."

103
Q

Translate to French:

She is from Paris

A

Elle est de Paris

from - de. The preposition de is very common in French, and can sometimes mean "with," "about," or "for" as well.

104
Q

Translate to French:

to have

A

avoir

to have - avoir. Note that avoir is an irregular verb.

105
Q

Translate to French:

I have a French friend

A

J'ai un ami français

I have - j'ai. Ai is the first-person singular in the present tense of the verb avoir, or "to have." Note that the personal pronoun je changes to j' because the verb begins with a vowel.

106
Q

Translate to French:

He has a child

A

Il a un enfant

he/she/one has - il/elle/on a. A is the third-person singular in the present tense of the verb avoir.

107
Q

Translate to French:

I have a boyfriend

A

J'ai un petit ami

a boyfriend - un petit ami. This translates directly as "little friend." Note that in a familiar context, you can also use copain.

108
Q

Translate to French:

one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten

A

un, deux, trois, quatre, cinq, six, sept, huit, neuf, dix

109
Q

Translate to French:

eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty

A

onze, douze, treize, quatorze, quinze, seize, dix-sept, dix-huit, dix-neuf, vingt

110
Q

Translate to French:

(to a close friend) You have three children

A

Tu as trois enfants

you (a close friend) have - tu as. As is the second-person singular in the present tense of the verb avoir.

111
Q

Translate to French:

We have a big house

A

Nous avons/On a une grande maison

we have - on a, nous avons. Avons is the first-person plural in the present tense of the verb avoir, while a is the third-person singular.

112
Q

Translate to French:

You guys/You all have two houses

A

Vous avez deux maisons

you (many of you) have - vous avez. Avez is the second-person plural in the present tense of the verb avoir.

113
Q

Translate to French:

the sugar

A

le sucre

sugar - le sucre

114
Q

Translate to French:

the money

A

l'argent

money - l'argent. This masculine word literally means "silver."

115
Q

Translate to French:

the soup

A

la soupe

soup - la soupe

116
Q

Translate to French:

We have (some) soup

A

Nous avons de la soupe

De la is a partitive article, formed by pairing de with the appropriate definite article. Partitive articles indicate a part of something (like soup) that can't necessarily be counted. In English, we use words like "some" or "any," but often omit them. In French, they are necessary: you cannot say avoir soupe or avoir la soupe; the de is required.

117
Q

Translate to French:

We have (some) sugar

A

On a du sucre

Du is the partitive article for masculine singular nouns. It replaces the construction de le (de + proper definite article). If you said On a le sucre, the meaning would be different: "We have the sugar."

118
Q

Translate to French:

I have (some) money

A

J'ai de l'argent

Here, de l' replaces what would have been du; you cannot say du argent because argent begins with a vowel.

119
Q

Translate to French:

The rich woman has (some) gold

A

La femme riche a de l'or

gold - l'or. Or is a masculine noun. Because or begins with a vowel, the contracted construction de l' must be used.

120
Q

Translate to French:

I have friends

A

J'ai des amis

The partitive article for plural nouns is the plural indefinite article des. This replaces de les. Here you are essentially saying, "I have some friends."

121
Q

Translate to French:

She is classy

A

Elle a de la classe

(to be) classy - avoir de la classe. This literally translates as "to have class." Note that you cannot say avoir classe or avoir la classe; the partitive de is necessary.

122
Q

Translate to French:

They have class

A

Ils ont de la classe

they have - ils/elles ont. Ont is the third-person plural in the present tense of the verb avoir.

123
Q

Translate to French:

I am 14 years old

A

J'ai 14 ans

I am X years old - j'ai X ans. Note that in French, the verb avoir, "to have," is used to give one's age instead of être, "to be." This directly translates to "I have X years."

124
Q

Translate to French:

I have a girlfriend

A

J'ai une petite amie

a girlfriend - une petite amie. In a familiar context, you can also use copine.

125
Q

Translate to French:

to arrive

A

arriver

to arrive - arriver. The first-person singular form of this verb in the present, j'arrive, is commonly used as an expression to say "I'm on my way!"

126
Q

In French, most adjectives are placed after the noun they modify. However, which kinds of adjectives are often placed before the noun?

A

Adjectives that deal with:

  • Beauty
  • Rank
  • Age
  • Goodness
  • Size

You can remember these with the acronym BRAGS.

127
Q

Name the personal pronouns in French:

  • I
  • you
  • he/she
  • we
  • you all
  • they
A
  • je
  • tu/vous
  • il/elle
  • on/nous
  • vous
  • ils/elles
128
Q

Translate to French:

TO BE (être):

  • I am
  • you are
  • he/she is
  • we are
  • you (all) are
  • they are
A

ÊTRE:

  • je suis
  • tu es
  • il/elle/on est
  • nous sommes
  • vous êtes
  • ils/elles sont
129
Q

Translate to French:

TO HAVE (avoir):

  • I have
  • you have
  • he/she has
  • we have
  • you (all) have
  • they have
A

AVOIR:

  • j'ai
  • tu as
  • il/elle/on a
  • nous avons
  • vous avez
  • ils/elles ont
130
Q

Pronounce the letters in the French alphabet.

A

a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z