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Flashcards in Lesson 2 Deck (181)
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hi (informal, friendly) - coucou. Note that coucou is only used with friends and family members.

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Hi honey!

Coucou chéri!

honey, sweetie (informal) - chéri. Note that the feminine form would be chérie.

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kiss(es) - bisou(s)

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I have too many friends

J'ai trop de copains

too much, too many - trop. Note that when trop precedes a noun, de is usually placed between them.

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It's early

Il est tôt

early - tôt

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It's late

Il est tard

late - tard. Note the use of Il est instead of C'est here. The latter would only be appropriate if the following adverb (tard) were modified: C'est trop tard -- "It's too late."

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plus tôt

earlier - plus tôt. Note that this literally means "more early."

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plus tard

later - plus tard. Note that this literally means "more late."

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See you later!

À plus tard!

see you later - à plus tard

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I'm arriving/coming soon

J'arrive bientôt

soon - bientôt

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See you soon!

À bientôt!

see you soon - à bientôt

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bon, bien

good (adj.) - bon, bien. Note that bon is typically used as an adjective, while bien can also be used as an adverb -- "well."

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a good week

une bonne semaine

a week - une semaine

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Have a good weekend!

Bon week-end!

a weekend - un week-end. An alternative is the feminine term fin de semaine, which literally translates to "end of the week."

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I am hungry

J'ai faim

to be hungry - avoir faim. The above sentence translates literally to "I have hunger."

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She is perfect

Elle est parfaite

perfect - parfait

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The house is great

La maison est géniale

great, fantastic - génial. Note that génial also translates to "brilliant" or "of genius."

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A large pizza, please

Une grande pizza, s'il vous plaît

a pizza - une pizza

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I have (some) ice cream

J'ai de la glace

ice cream - la glace. In French, a distinction must be made between ice cream in general (de la glace) and a single portion of ice cream (une glace).

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He is always happy

Il est toujours heureux

always - toujours. In French, most adverbs follow the verbs they modify. Also note that for the most part, French adverbs are invariable.


What are the three types of infinitive verb endings in French?

  • -ER, as in parler (to speak)
  • -IR, as in finir (to finish)
  • all other endings including -RE and -OIR, as in entendre (to hear) or voir (to see)


What are the present tense conjugation endings of 1st group (-ER) verbs?

-e -es -e -ons -ez -ent

For example, for parler, which means "to speak": je parle, tu parles, il/elle/on parle, nous parlons, vous parlez, ils/elles parlent.

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You walk

Tu marches

to walk - marcher. In the second-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -es.

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We talk

Nous parlons

to speak, to talk - parler. In the first-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ons.

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You talk a lot

Tu parles beaucoup

a lot - beaucoup. Most adverbs immediately follow conjugated verbs. Beaucoup can also function as an adjective when followed by de: beaucoup de pizza -- "many pizzas/a lot of pizza."

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They have a lot of candy

Ils ont beaucoup de bonbons

(a piece of) candy - un bonbon. The plural form of this masculine noun is used to designate "some candy" or "sweets," while its singular form un bonbon is used to denote a single piece of candy.

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The girls dance

Les filles dansent

to dance - danser. In the third-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ent.

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She sings well

Elle chante bien

to sing - chanter. In the third-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -e.

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I work a lot

Je travaille beaucoup

to work - travailler. In the first-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -e.

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You eat a lot

Tu manges beaucoup

to eat - manger