Lesson 1-5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 1-5 Deck (40)
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1

autoclave

equipment that uses pressurized steam for sterilization

2

carcinogen

substance with potential to produce cancer in animals or humans

3

caustic

chemical substance having the ability to burn or destroy tissue - KOH, NaOH , H2SO4

4

chemical hygiene plan

safety plan detailing use and storage of chemicals

5

fume hood

a device that draws contaminated air out of an area and either cleanses or recirculates it

6

msds and whats on it

material safety data sheet - an information sheet that that must be supplier by manufacturers of chemicals and hazardous materials. Reactivity , product identification, physical characteristics, health hazards

7

mutagen

substance or agent such as radiation , chemicals or virus that causes a change in a gene that can be passed onto offspring

8

NIOSH

national institute for occupational safety and health - institute responsible for safety research and making recommendations for preventing work related injuries

9

OSH act

congressional act created to help reduce workplace injuries

10

OSHA

Federal agency that creates workplace safety regulations

11

radioisotope

unstable form of an element that emits radiation

12

teratogen

substance or agent capable of causing birth defects by direct harm to a fetus or embryo

13

NFPA

National Fire Protection Association

14

Colors and meaning on chemical label

blue - health hazard/ toxicity
red - fire hazard / flammable
yellow - reactive or unstable - oxidizer
white - reactivity with water

15

Number system and meaning as per NFPA

0-no unusual hazard 4 - highest hazard level

16


safety risk by number for white

avoid use of water

17

incompatible with acetic acid

OH

18

incompatible with acetone

sulfuric or nitric acids

19

incompatible with flammable liquids

chromic acid, HO, nitric acid

20

incompatible with NA azide

copper in plumbing drains

21

What is GHS

(Globally Harmonized System) -An International System for:All chemical substances and mixtures, Allows continuous improvement for chemical hazard communication

22

Flame pictogram- symbolizing danger.

Presence of a flammability hazard.
Flammable Gases, Liquids , Solids and Aerosols
Pyrophoric Gases, Liquids , Solids

23

Flame over circle pictogram

Presence of an oxidizing hazard
Oxidizing Gases, Liquids , Solids

24

gas cylinder pictogram

warn of gases under pressure
Compressed gas, Liquefied gas,

25

corrosion pictogram

warn about the presence of a corrosive hazard
Corrosive to metals
Skin corrosion
Serious eye damage

26

exploding bomb pictogram

warn about the presence of an explosion hazard
Self-reactive substances and mixtures
Organic peroxides

27

skull and crossbones pictogram

warn about the presence of an acute toxicity hazard
Oral
Dermal
Inhalation

28

health hazard pictogram

presence of health hazards
Respiratory sensitizer
Carcinogenicity
Reproductive toxicity
Specific Target Organ Toxicity
Aspiration hazard

29

exclamation mark pictogram

warn about the presence of health hazards
Acute toxicity - Oral, Dermal, Inhalation
Skin irritation

30

biohazardous infectious materials pictogram

warn about the presence of an infectious or biological hazard
Biohazardous Infectious Materials