Lesson 1 Assignment (L1.1) - PREFIXES Flashcards Preview

HITT 1305 - MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY > Lesson 1 Assignment (L1.1) - PREFIXES > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 1 Assignment (L1.1) - PREFIXES Deck (83)
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1

a-

without, not, no

apnea (without breathing)

2

ab-

from, away from

aberrant (wandering away from)

3

`ad-

toward, increase

adduct (movement toward the middle of the body)

4

alb-

white

albino (person who has a marked deficiency of pigment in the eyes, hair, and skin; has abnormally white skin)

5

albin/o

white

albinism (condition of abnormally white skin; characterized by absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes)

6

ambi-

both, both sides
ambidextrous (able to use both hands well)

7

an-

without, not, no

anesthesia (without feeling)

8

ante-

before, in front

antecubital (“the space” in front of the elbow)

9

anti-

against

antidote (a drug or other substance that opposes [works against] the action of a poison)

10

auto-

self

autograft (a graft transferred from one part of a patient’s body to another)

11

bi-

two, double

bicuspid (having two cusps or points)

12

bio-

life

biology (the study of life)

13

brady-

slow

bradycardia (slow heartbeat)

14

chlor/o

green
chlorophyll (green pigment in plants that accomplishes photosynthesis)

15

circum-

around

circumduction (movement around in a circle)

16

cirrh/o

yellow, tawny

cirrhosis (chronic degenerative liver disease with resultant yellowness of the liver and skin)

17

con-

together, with

congenital (born with)

18

contra-

against

contraindication (against what is indicated)

19

cyan/o

blue

cyanoderma (slightly bluish, grayish, slatelike, or dark discoloration of the skin)

20

de-

down, from

descend (to come down from)

21

dia-

through

diagnosis (knowledge through testing)

22

dis-

free of, to undo

dislocation (the displacement [undoing] of any part of the body from its normal position)

23

dys-

bad, difficult, painful, disordered

dyspnea (difficult breathing)

24

ecto-

outside

ectopic (outside its normal location – as in an ectopic pregnancy, which occurs in the fallopian tubes instead of the uterus)

25

endo-

within, inner

endoscope (instrument used to look inside the body)

26

eosin/o

red, rosy

eosinophil (bilobed leukocyte that stains a red, rosy color with an acid dye)

27

epi-

upon, over

epigastric (pertaining to the region over the stomach)

28

erythr/o

red

erythrocyte (mature red blood cell)

29

eu-

well, easily, good, normal

eupnea (normal breathing)

30

ex-

out, away from, outside

exhale (to breathe out)