Lesson 2 Assignment (L2.2) - WHOLE BODY TERMINOLOGY Flashcards Preview

HITT 1305 - MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY > Lesson 2 Assignment (L2.2) - WHOLE BODY TERMINOLOGY > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 2 Assignment (L2.2) - WHOLE BODY TERMINOLOGY Deck (80)
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1

abdominal cavity

The cavity beneath the thoracic cavity that is separated from the thoracic cavity by the diaphragm; contains the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, and kidneys.

 

abdomin/o = abdomen

-al = pertaining to

2

abdominopelvic cavity

A term that describes the abdominal and pelvic cavity collectively; refers to the space between the diaphragm and the groin.

 

abdomin/o = abdomen

pelv/i = pelvis

-al = pertaining to

3

anaplasia

A change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form.

 

ana- = not, without

-plasia = formation, growth

4

anatomical position

The standard reference position for the body as a whole: the person is standing with arms at the sides and palms turned forward; the individual’s head and feet are also pointing forward.

5

anterior

Pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body.

6

aplasia

A developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue.

 

a- = not, without

-plasia = formation, growth

7

cardiac muscle

The muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart.

 

cardi/o = heart

-ac = pertaining to

8

caudal

Pertaining to the tail.

9

cell

The smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter.

10

cell membrane

The semipermeable barrier that is the outer covering of a cell.

11

cervical vertebrae

The first seven segments of the spinal column; identified as C1 through C7.

 

cervic/o = neck

-al = pertaining to

12

chromosomes

The threadlike structures within the nucleus that control the functions of growth, repair, and reproduction for the body.

13

coccyx

The tailbone. Located at the end of the vertebral column, the coccyx results from the fusion of four individual coccygeal bones in the child.

14

connective tissue

Tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts.

15

cranial

Pertaining to the skull or cranium. crani/o = skull -al = pertaining to

16

cranial cavity

The cavity that contains the brain.

 

crani/o = skull

-al = pertaining to

17

cytology

The study of cells. cyt/o = cell -logy = the study of

18

cytoplasm

A gel-like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell. The cytoplasm contains cell organs, called organelles, which carry out the essential functions of the cell. cyt/o = skull -plasm = living substance

19

deep

Away from the surface and toward the inside of the body.

20

distal

Away from or farthest from the trunk of the body or farthest from the point of attachment of a body part.

21

dorsal

Pertaining to the back.

 

dors/o = back

-al = pertaining to

22

dorsum

The back or posterior surface of a part; in the foot, the top of the foot.

 

dors/o = back

-um = noun ending

23

dysplasia

Any abnormal development of tissues or organs.

 

dys = bad, difficult, painful, disordered

-plasia = formation, growth

24

epigastric region

The region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypochondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the ribs.

 

epi = upon, over

gastr/o = stomach

-ic = pertaining to

25

epithelial tissue

The tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body; it also lines the vessels, body cavities, glands, and body organs.

26

frontal plane

Any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet, perpendicular to the sagittal planes and dividing the body into front and back portions.

27

genes

Segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics.

28

histologist

A medical specialist who specializes in the study of tissues.

 

hist/o = tissue

-logist = one who specializes

29

hyperplasia

An increase in the number of cells of a body part.

 

hyper = excessive

-plasia = formation, growth

30

hypochondriac region

The right and left regions of the upper abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs; located on either side of the epigastric region.

 

hypo = under, below, beneath, less than normal

chondr/i = cartilage

-ac = pertaining to