Lesson 4 Assignment (L4.1) - THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Flashcards Preview

HITT 1305 - MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY > Lesson 4 Assignment (L4.1) - THE SKELETAL SYSTEM > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 4 Assignment (L4.1) - THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Deck (56)
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1

allogenic

Pertaining to originating from a different origin, as in a transplant of tissue from a matching donor but not of the individual (recipient).

all/o = difference from genic = pertaining to formation, producing

2

ankylosing spondylitis

A type of arthritis that affects the vertebral column and causes deformities of the spine.

ankyl/o = stiff
spondyl/o = spine, vertebra -itis = inflammation

3

arthrodesis

The surgical fusion of a joint.

arthr/o = joint -desis = binding or surgical fusion

4

articular cartilage

Thin layer of cartilage that covers the ends of the long bones and the surfaces of the joints.

5

bone depressions

Concave, indented areas or openings in bones.

6

bone markings

Specific features of individual bones.

7

bone processes

Projections or outgrowths of bones.

8

cancellous bone

Spongy bone, not as dense as compact bone.

9

cervical vertebrae

Vertebrae or bones of the neck, C1 through C7.

cervic/o = neck -al = pertaining to

10

compact bone

Hard outer shell of bone.

11

condyle

Knucklelike projection at the end of a bone.

12

costochondritis

Inflammation of the rib cartilage of the anterior chest wall; characterized by pain and tenderness in the area.

cost/o = ribs chondr/o = cartilage -itis = inflammation

13

crest

Distinct border or ridge, as in iliac crest.

14

diaphysis

Main shaftlike portion of a bone.

15

epiphyseal line

A layer of cartilage that separates the diaphysis from the epiphysis of a bone; also known as the epiphyseal plate.

16

epiphysis

The end of a bone.

17

false ribs

Rib pairs 8 through 10, which connect to the vertebrae in the back but not to the sternum in the front, because they join the seventh rib in the front.

18

fissure

A groove or depression in a bone; a sulcus.

19

flat bones

Bones that are broad and thin with flat or curved surfaces, such as the sternum.

20

floating ribs

Rib pairs 11 and 12, which connect to the vertebrae in the back but are free of any attachment in the front.

21

fontanelle or fontanel

Space between the bones of an infant’s cranium; “soft spot”

22

foramen

Hole in a bone through which blood vessels or nerves pass.

23

fossa

Hollow on concave depression in a bone.

24

haversian canals

System of small canals within compact bone that contain blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves.

25

hematopoiesis

The normal formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow.

hemat/o = blood -poiesis = formation of

26

hemopoietic
(hee-moh-poy-ET-ick), hematopoietic

Pertaining to the formation of blood cells.

Hemopoietic/hematopoietic is the adjective from the word hemopoiesis/hematopoiesis, which means he production of the formed elements in the blood (this occurs in the red bone marrow throughout one’s life).

hem/o = blood -poietic = pertaining to formation of

27

intercostal spaces

Spaces between the ribs.

inter = between cost/o = ribs
-al = pertaining to

28

intervertebral disk

A flat, circular, platelike structure of cartilage that serves as a cushion (or shock absorber) between the vertebrae.
inter = between vertebr/o = vertebra -al = pertaining to

29

long bones

Bones that are longer than they are wide and with distinctive shaped ends, such as the femur.

30

lumbar vertebrae

The vertebrae of the lower back, L1 through L5.

lumb/o = loins, lower back -ar = pertaining to vertebr/o = vertebra