Flashcards in Lesson 4 Assignment (L4.1) - THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Deck (56)
Pertaining to originating from a different origin, as in a transplant of tissue from a matching donor but not of the individual (recipient).
all/o = difference from genic = pertaining to formation, producing
A type of arthritis that affects the vertebral column and causes deformities of the spine.
ankyl/o = stiff
spondyl/o = spine, vertebra -itis = inflammation
The surgical fusion of a joint.
arthr/o = joint -desis = binding or surgical fusion
Thin layer of cartilage that covers the ends of the long bones and the surfaces of the joints.
Concave, indented areas or openings in bones.
Specific features of individual bones.
Projections or outgrowths of bones.
Spongy bone, not as dense as compact bone.
Vertebrae or bones of the neck, C1 through C7.
cervic/o = neck -al = pertaining to
Hard outer shell of bone.
Knucklelike projection at the end of a bone.
Inflammation of the rib cartilage of the anterior chest wall; characterized by pain and tenderness in the area.
cost/o = ribs chondr/o = cartilage -itis = inflammation
Distinct border or ridge, as in iliac crest.
Main shaftlike portion of a bone.
A layer of cartilage that separates the diaphysis from the epiphysis of a bone; also known as the epiphyseal plate.
The end of a bone.
Rib pairs 8 through 10, which connect to the vertebrae in the back but not to the sternum in the front, because they join the seventh rib in the front.
A groove or depression in a bone; a sulcus.
Bones that are broad and thin with flat or curved surfaces, such as the sternum.
Rib pairs 11 and 12, which connect to the vertebrae in the back but are free of any attachment in the front.
fontanelle or fontanel
Space between the bones of an infant’s cranium; “soft spot”
Hole in a bone through which blood vessels or nerves pass.
Hollow on concave depression in a bone.
System of small canals within compact bone that contain blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves.
The normal formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow.
hemat/o = blood -poiesis = formation of
Pertaining to the formation of blood cells.
Hemopoietic/hematopoietic is the adjective from the word hemopoiesis/hematopoiesis, which means he production of the formed elements in the blood (this occurs in the red bone marrow throughout one’s life).
hem/o = blood -poietic = pertaining to formation of
Spaces between the ribs.
inter = between cost/o = ribs
-al = pertaining to
A flat, circular, platelike structure of cartilage that serves as a cushion (or shock absorber) between the vertebrae.
inter = between vertebr/o = vertebra -al = pertaining to
Bones that are longer than they are wide and with distinctive shaped ends, such as the femur.