Flashcards in lesson 2: phonetics Deck (27):
the scientific study of human speech sounds
define "phonetic transcription"
a method of writing down speech sounds so as to capture how they are pronounced
define "international phonetic alphabet"
a standardized set of symbols used for representing human speech sounds in one-to-one correspondence
articulatory description for consonants involves a 3-part classification system, which comprises:
voicing, place, manner
a ____ consonant vibrates the throat, while a ____ consonant does not.
lower lip at upper teeth
tongue tip between teeth
tongue tip at alveolar ridge
front of tongue between alveolar ridge and hard palate
tongue at or near hard palate
back of tongue at velum
produced at larynx
place of consonants involves:
where in the vocal tract the construction is made
manner of consonants involves:
how the air is modified as it moves through the vocal tract
full obstruction in oral cavity
partial obstruction with turbulent/noisy air
stop followed by fricative
air passes through nasal cavity with velum lowered/open
construction but with no turbulence
the [l] consonant is a ____ liquid
the [r] consonant is a ____ liquid.
slightly more constriction than vowel
very rapid constriction and release
articulatory description for vowels involves a 4-part classification system, which comprises:
tongue height, backness of tongue, tenseness, lip rounding