lesson 2: phonetics Flashcards Preview

LING 200: Intro to Linguistic Thought > lesson 2: phonetics > Flashcards

Flashcards in lesson 2: phonetics Deck (27):
1

define "phonetics"

the scientific study of human speech sounds

2

define "phonetic transcription"

a method of writing down speech sounds so as to capture how they are pronounced

3

define "international phonetic alphabet"

a standardized set of symbols used for representing human speech sounds in one-to-one correspondence

4

articulatory description for consonants involves a 3-part classification system, which comprises:

voicing, place, manner

5

a ____ consonant vibrates the throat, while a ____ consonant does not.

voiced; voiceless

6

bilabial consonants:

both lips

7

labiodental consonants:

lower lip at upper teeth

8

interdental consonants:

tongue tip between teeth

9

alveolar consonants:

tongue tip at alveolar ridge

10

postalveolar consonants:

front of tongue between alveolar ridge and hard palate

11

palatal consonants:

tongue at or near hard palate

12

velar consonants:

back of tongue at velum

13

glottal consonants:

produced at larynx

14

place of consonants involves:

where in the vocal tract the construction is made

15

manner of consonants involves:

how the air is modified as it moves through the vocal tract

16

stop consonants:

full obstruction in oral cavity

17

fricative consonants:

partial obstruction with turbulent/noisy air

18

affricative consonants:

stop followed by fricative

19

nasal consonants:

air passes through nasal cavity with velum lowered/open

20

liquid consonant:

construction but with no turbulence

21

the [l] consonant is a ____ liquid

lateral

22

the [r] consonant is a ____ liquid.

retroflex

23

glide consonants:

slightly more constriction than vowel

24

flap consonants:

very rapid constriction and release

25

articulatory description for vowels involves a 4-part classification system, which comprises:

tongue height, backness of tongue, tenseness, lip rounding

26

define "monophthongs"

single vowels

27

define "diphthongs"

transitions of vowels within one syllable