lesson 3: phonology Flashcards Preview

LING 200: Intro to Linguistic Thought > lesson 3: phonology > Flashcards

Flashcards in lesson 3: phonology Deck (11):
1

define "phonology"

the study of the organization of speech sounds in a language

2

define "contrastive"

sounds are contrastive if interchanging them can change the meaning of a word

3

define "noncontrastive"

sounds are noncontrastive if interchanging them does not change the meaning of a word

4

define "aspiration"

a puff of air that follows the release of a consonant

5

define "minimal pair"

words that differ by a single sound in the same position and have different meanings

6

____ sounds are unpredictable (i.e., must be learned)

contrastive

7

define "phoneme"

an abstract mental representation of a set of sounds considered by native speakers to be the "same" sound

8

define "allophone"

the different (phonetically similar) realizations of a phoneme

9

allophones of the same phoneme are (contrastive) / (noncontrastive)

noncontrastive

10

define "contrastive distribution"

when sounds can occur in the same phonetic environment (i.e., they can form a minimal pair)

11

define "complementary distribution"

when (phonetically similar) sounds never occur in the exact same phonetic environment, but in mutually exclusive (complementary) environments