Flashcards in lesson 3: phonology Deck (11):
the study of the organization of speech sounds in a language
sounds are contrastive if interchanging them can change the meaning of a word
sounds are noncontrastive if interchanging them does not change the meaning of a word
a puff of air that follows the release of a consonant
define "minimal pair"
words that differ by a single sound in the same position and have different meanings
____ sounds are unpredictable (i.e., must be learned)
an abstract mental representation of a set of sounds considered by native speakers to be the "same" sound
the different (phonetically similar) realizations of a phoneme
allophones of the same phoneme are (contrastive) / (noncontrastive)
define "contrastive distribution"
when sounds can occur in the same phonetic environment (i.e., they can form a minimal pair)