Lesson 6 - Situational Variables Affecting Obedience Flashcards Preview

Social Influence - Module 2: Obedience > Lesson 6 - Situational Variables Affecting Obedience > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 6 - Situational Variables Affecting Obedience Deck (7)
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1

What are the four variables Milgram changed to increase and decrease obedience?

- Proximity
- Touch Proximity
- Absent Experimenter
- Alternative Setting

2

What were the obedience levels when these variables came into play?

- Proximity: 40%
- Touch Proximity: 30%
- Absent Experimenter: 21%
- Alternative Setting: 48%

3

What did the proximity variable consist of?

- Mr W and Participant were sat in the same room
- Obedience fell to 40%
- Participants experienced Mr W’s pain directly

4

What did the touch proximity variable consist of?

- Teacher had to force Learners arm onto a metal plate
- Obedience rates were 30%

5

What did the alternative setting variable consist of?

- Experiment was carried out in a rundown office
- Experimenter wore casual clothes
- Obedience fell to 48%

6

What did the absent experimenter variable consist of?

- Experimenter left room after instructions
- Experimenter delivered instructions through the phone
- Participants missed out shocks or lowered voltage
- Obedience Rate was 21%

7

Why is Uniform Important?

- Uniforms impact obedience
- They can be a symbol of power
- They can also be a symbol showing lack of power (prisoner)