Flashcards in Lesson 6 - Situational Variables Affecting Obedience Deck (7)
What are the four variables Milgram changed to increase and decrease obedience?
- Touch Proximity
- Absent Experimenter
- Alternative Setting
What were the obedience levels when these variables came into play?
- Proximity: 40%
- Touch Proximity: 30%
- Absent Experimenter: 21%
- Alternative Setting: 48%
What did the proximity variable consist of?
- Mr W and Participant were sat in the same room
- Obedience fell to 40%
- Participants experienced Mr W’s pain directly
What did the touch proximity variable consist of?
- Teacher had to force Learners arm onto a metal plate
- Obedience rates were 30%
What did the alternative setting variable consist of?
- Experiment was carried out in a rundown office
- Experimenter wore casual clothes
- Obedience fell to 48%
What did the absent experimenter variable consist of?
- Experimenter left room after instructions
- Experimenter delivered instructions through the phone
- Participants missed out shocks or lowered voltage
- Obedience Rate was 21%