LG 2.9 Scheme Wrap Up Headache 2014 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in LG 2.9 Scheme Wrap Up Headache 2014 Deck (10)

What are the three types of migraines?

i. *Common/migraine no aura/headache;
ii. *Classic/migraine with aura and headache
iii. * Migraine Aura only/ no headache


What are the defining features of subarachnoid hemorrhage?

-Often presents with severe acute headache
-Usually occipital/nuchal with nuchal rigidity).


What is Pseudotumor Cerebri?

-Intracranial hypertension
-Increased pressure inside the skull.


Who is most likely to get Pseudotumor Cerebri?

Young obese women of childbearing age, many are post partum, pregnant, or with menstrual irregularities


What is the symptoms of Pseudotumor Cerebri?

a. Headache (can be moderately severe) usually behind the eyes and worsened with eye movements.
b. Blurred vision, nausea, neck or upper back pain.
c. Increased intracranial pressure due to too much production (or inadequate clearance) of Cerebrospinal Fluid.


What is the risk of unresolved Pseudotumor Cerebri?

-Risk is permanent visual loss from optic nerve compression
-Papilledema, normal/or ventricles compressed MRI/CT scan.


What is Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis?

-Sinovenous thrombosis:occurs from a blood clot forming in the venous sinuses of the brain.
-Results in a hemorrhage, stroke


How do Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis occur?

-Can result from head injury (Hillary Clinton)
-Sickle cell anemia
-Certain blood clotting disorders


What are symptoms of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis?

-Blurred vision
-Stroke like symptom


What are red flags of headaches?

a. New onset after age 50 or with pregnancy
b. Worse headache of my life
c. Progressive nature
d. Headache beginning with exertion
e. Altered mental status
f. Meningeal irritation
g. Presence of fever, or of being immunocompromised (HIV +, immunosuppressant therapy)
h. Abnormal neurologic exam (focal findings, papilledema)
i. Headache with position changes
j. Headache unlike prior headaches (migraine patients can have subarachnoid bleeds)