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Flashcards in Life Cycle Deck (45)
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1

Calorie needs for infants

80-120 calories per kg (2.2 lb) body weight.

2

First 6 months breastfed infants need how many calories?

108 cal/kil

3

Recommended protein intake for infants 0-6mos

2.2 g/kg of body weight

4

Recommend protein intake for infants 6-12mos

1.6 g/kg body weight

5

% of fat provide by breastmilk

55%

6

Stage of life with highest metabolic rate

Infant

7

Urea cycle disorder that requires protein restriction.

Citrullinemia

8

Rare genetic condition of protein metabolism in which breakdown by-products build up in blood & urine, causing coma & death if untreated.

Maple Syrup Urine Disease

9

DRIs have been established for the energy needs of young children. The formula for EER for children ages 13-36mos is:

(89 X weight [kg] -100) +20 (kcal for energy deposition)

10

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children is administered by the Food & Nutrition Service of the USDA.

WIC

11

The Farmer’s Market Nutrition Program is a special season program for WIC.

(WIC) FMNP

12

Administered by the U.S. Dept of Health & Human Services. Comprehensive child development programs that serve kids from birth to 5 y/o, pregnant women & their families.

Head Start & Early Start

13

(Formerly the Food Stamp Program) – SNAP is administered by the USDA, designed to help adults in low-income households buy food.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

14

Sum of dietary fiber & functional fiber

Total Fiber

15

Complex carbohydrates and lignins naturally occurring & found mainly in the plant cell wall. Dietary fiber cannot be broken down by human digestive enzymes.

Dietary Fiber

16

Nondigestable carbohydrates including plant, animal or commercially produced sources that have beneficial effects in humans.

Functional Fiber

17

“Tanner Stages” is a scale of secondary sexual characteristics that allows health professionals to assess the degree of pubertal maturation among adolescents, regardless of chronological age.

Sexual Maturation Rating (SMR)

18

5 leading causes of death in adults

1. Cancer
2. Heart disease
3. Stroke
4. Diabetes
5. Liver disease

19

Adult Macros

Fat - 20-35%
Protein 10-35%
Carbohydrates 45-65%

20

BMR Calculation for Women

(10 X wt) + (6.25 X ht) – (5 X age) - 161

21

BMR Calculation for Men

(10 X wt) + (6.25 X ht) – (5 X age) + 5

22

Elderly are at high risk for deficiency of

calories, calcium, iron, magnesium, folate, thiamin (B1), riboflavin (B2), pyridoxine (B6) & cyanocobalmin (B12), vitamin C & vitamin D.

23

During the past 50 years, the average total caloric intake among infants in the United States:

a. Has not changed
b. Has decreased
c. Has increased
d. Is not possible to assess

c. Has increased

24

The digestive system during infancy can be accurately described by which statement?

a. GI problems often interfere with health & growth in young infants.
b. The digestive tract is not completely developed for digestion for months after birth.
c. Infant stools change based on the ability of the intestinal villa to absorb nutrients.
d. Regarding hunger & satiety cues, parenting skills to read them develop more slowly than the infants’ skills to give them.

d. Regarding hunger & satiety cues, parenting skills to read them develop more slowly than the infants’ skills to give them.

25

What factors make nutritional requirements higher for an infant now 8 months of age who was born at 29 weeks gestation?

a. Being born so early resulted in less body fat & nutrient reserves.
b. The persistence of newborn reflexes.
c. More frequent illnesses due to the immaturity of
the immune system.
d. The immaturity of the GI tract lessens nutrient absorption

a. Being born so early resulted in less body fat & nutrient reserves.

26

True or False :

According to food consumption surveys, young children exceed estimated needs for calories.

True

27

The best predictor of energy needs during adolescence is:

a. Chronologic age
b. Change in body weight
c. Increase in height
d. Muscle growth

c. Increase in height

28

The nutrients most likely to be missing from the diets of vegan adolescents are:

a. A, D, E & Zinc
b. B6, D, B12, & Calcium
c. B6, B12, E & Choline
d. A, D, E & Iron

b. B6, D, B12, & Calcium

29

Compared to his peers, a healthy 15-year old male who is a competitive weight lifter should consume more protein and more:

a. Minerals
b. Carbohydrates
c. Fat
d. Carbohydrates & fat

b. Carbohydrates

30

The caloric equivalent of one gram of lean tissue is approximately:
a. 1 Kcal
b. 2 Kcal
c. 4 Kcal
d. 9 Kcal

a. 1 Kcal