MUIH Study Questions Flashcards Preview

Olga's CNS Study Cards > MUIH Study Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in MUIH Study Questions Deck (96)
Loading flashcards...
1

Which of the following does NOT describe a physiological change of aging?

a. decrease in digestion and absorption capacity
b. reduction in lean body mass
c. lower basal metabolism
d. increase in taste sensitivity

d. increase in taste sensitivity

2

An increase in the number of cells is called

a. hyperplasia
b. hypoplasia
c. hypertrophy
d. hypotrophy

a. hyperplasia

3

What are the most common measures used to assess growth?

a. Height and weight
b. Height and head circumference
c. Height and body mass index
d. Recumbent length and weight

a. Height and weight

4

A baby was born at 38 weeks of gestation, weighing 4250 grams (>95th percentile). The baby was:

a. preterm
b. premature
c. full term
d. overdue

c. full term

5

In the acid-base imbalance acidosis, what happens to respiratory activity?

a. increases
b. stays the same
c. decreases
d. it is irrelevant

a. increases

6

Which of the following does not occur during pregnancy?

a. Appetite increases
b. Thirst increases
c. Gastrointestinal motility increases
d. Gastroesophageal reflux becomes more common

c. Gastrointestinal motility increases

7

Shelly was following a low-carbohydrate (25 grams CHO/day) diet for weight loss prior to conceiving, and now that she is pregnant she knows that she has to eat more. How many more grams of carbohydrate should Shelly plan to eat per day?

a. 100
b. 125
c. 150
d. 175

c. 150

8

How many grams of protein per day should a pregnant woman add to her diet?

a. 15 grams
b. 20 grams
c. 25 grams
d. 30 grams

c. 25 grams

9

Which of the following oils is a significant source of omega-3 fatty acids?

a. Olive oil
b. Corn oil
c. Canola oil
d. Peanut oil

c. Canola oil

10

The purpose of using double-blinding in an Randomized Control Trial is to

a. Achieve greater comparability of cases and controls.
b. Avoid placebo effects.
c. Avoid objective and subjective bias.
d. Reduce the effects of sampling variation.

c. Avoid objective and subjective bias.

11

A researcher is studying the relationship between level of radiation exposure among miners and risk of leukemia. He has compared the incidence of leukemia among mine workers in high- and low-radiation mines. He found that the relative risk for developing leukemia was 2.0 among those workers exposed to the high radiation mine. The associated p-value was 0.03. Which statement best describes the meaning of the p-value in this study?

a. The probability that the relative risk of 2.0 or more was due to chance alone is 3%.
b. There is a 3% difference in incidence rates of leukemia between the two groups of miners.
c. There were 3 more cases of leukemia per 100 in the high radiation mine.
d. The power associated with this study was 3.0%.

a. The probability that the relative risk of 2.0 or more was due to chance alone is 3%.

12

A client’s weight is 68 kg and height is 165 cm. What is the Body-Mass Index (BMI)?

a. 20. 24
b. 29. 48
c. 33.0
d. 24.98

d. 24.98

13

The best practice for measuring wrist circumference is:

a. measurement is made with a tape just distal to the styloid process at wrist crease of right hand, calculate the ratio of height to wrist circumference and compare to standard range for weight
b. measurement is made with a tape just distal to the styloid process at wrist crease of right hand, calculate the ratio of height to wrist circumference and compare to standard range for gender
c. measurement is made with a tape just below the elbow of right hand, calculate the ratio of height to wrist circumference and compare to standard range for gender
d. none of the above

a. measurement is made with a tape just distal to the styloid process at wrist crease of right hand, calculate the ratio of height to wrist circumference and compare to standard range for weight

14

The public health department of Smoke City reported 40 new cases of lung cancer in its population of 100,000 people between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 1999. What is the annual incidence of lung cancer for this population?

a. 40 per 100,000 per year.
b. 20 per 10,000 per year.
c. 80 per 100,000 per year.
d. 2 per 10,000 per year.

d. 2 per 10,000 per year.

15

What is the protein requirement per kilogram of body weight per day for young adolescents?

a. 0.8g
b. 0.85 g
c. 0.9g
d. 0.95 g

b. 0.85 g

16

The Estimated Energy Requirement (EER) during adolescence takes into account all of the following except:

a. energy needed to maintain health
b. energy needed to promote optimal growth
c. energy needed to support physical activity
d. stress factors

d. stress factors

17

As a result of rapid growth and development associated with adolescence, the RDA for calcium during late adolescence has been set at:

a. 1000 mg/day.
b. 1100 mg/day.
c. 1200 mg/day.
d. 1300 mg/day.

d. 1300 mg/day.

18

Age-related loss of lean body mass causes:

a. total energy requirements to increase.
b. total energy expenditure to remain the same.
c. basal metabolism to decrease.
d. basic energy metabolism to increase.

c. basal metabolism to decrease.

19

Bone mass is reduced in the elderly, and this is one of the reasons that their RDA for calcium has been increased from 1,000 mg to _____ mg/day.

a. 1100
b. 1200
c. 1300
d. 1400

b. 1200

20

Which phytochemical is structurally similar to estrogen?

a. Lycopene
b. Lutein
c. Catechins
d. Isoflavones

d. Isoflavones

21

Which one of the following gastrointestinal changes occurs as part of the aging process?

a. Secretion of gastric juice is increased
b. Peristalsis increases
c. Vitamin B12 absorption is reduced
d. Secretion of saliva and mucus is increased

c. Vitamin B12 absorption is reduced

22

Rickets:

a. Is marked by disorders of cartilage cell growth
b. Can lead to osteomalacia in adults
c. Results in a bowlegged appearance
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

23

The Total Energy Expenditure (TEE) is obtained from which of the following sources:

a. Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR)
b. Thermogenic effect of food (TEF)
c. Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT)
d. Post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC)
e. All of the above

e. All of the above

24

Using the RDA for protein, the estimated protein requirements for a female client of 125 pounds is:

a. 55 grams
b. 45 grams
c. 36 grams
d. 68 grams

b. 45 grams

25

A higher protein diet would not be warranted in the following disease:

a. Protein malnutrition
b. Hypoalbuminemia
c. Chronic Renal Disease
d. Sarcopenia

c. Chronic Renal Disease

26

Characteristics of successful dieters include all of the following except:

a. Maintaining a daily food journal
b. Counting calories
c. Adhering to a strict eating plan
d. Eliminating all carbohydrates from their diets

d. Eliminating all carbohydrates from their diets

27

How many calories do you subtract from the total energy expenditure for weight loss?

a. 300
b. 250
c. 500
d. 350

c. 500

28

What is the function of angiotensin II?

a. Prevent the adrenal glands from releasing aldosterone b. Stimulate the adrenal glands to release more aldosterone
c. Prevent the lungs from producing rennin
d. Stimulate the lungs to produce rennin

b. Stimulate the adrenal glands to release more aldosterone

29

What gland responds to a lack of water in the body by releasing a hormone?
a. Pineal
b. Hypothyroid
c. Pituitary
d. Thyroid

c. Pituitary

30

A fatty acid contains 20 carbons with four unsaturated bonds in its chain, the first of which is 6 carbons distant from its omega end. How would this be designated?

a. 20:4 n-6
b. 20:3 n-4
c. 22:4 n-3
d. 22:4 n-6

a. 20:4 n-6