Life in Nazi Germany Flashcards Preview

Edexcel GCSE History- Weimar and Nazi Germany > Life in Nazi Germany > Flashcards

Flashcards in Life in Nazi Germany Deck (124)
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1

What was the Nazi attitude towards how women should look?

Should look 'natural'
Long skirts
Tied back hair or plaits
Healthy and sporty

2

What was the Nazi attitude towards women and employment?

- Wanted women to stay at home
- Men wear the main earners
- Disapproved of women in professions such as medicine and law

3

What was the Nazi attitude towards to women and family?

- Birth rates should increase
- Women should marry and have as many kids as possible
- Life should be devoted to raising family
- Stressed importance of housecraft, needlework and cookery

4

Who was the Reich Women's Leader?

Gertrud Scholtz-Klink

5

What Nazi organisation were all women's organisations forced to merge with?

German Women's Enterprise / DFW

6

How many members did the DFW have?

6 million

7

What did the DFW do?

Conduct activities which spread Nazi ideologies
ie. Nazi courses on childcare, cooking and sewing

8

How many women had attended Nazi courses by 1937?

1.7 million

9

When was the Law for the Encouragement of Marriage introduced?

1933

10

What was the Law for the Encouragement of Marriage?

-Provide 1,000 mark loans to newly married couples
- Only available if women stopped work and stayed at home
- For each child born by the couple, 250 marks of the loan was written off

11

When were the divorce laws changed?

1938

12

What did the change to the divorce laws mean?

If a woman could not or would not have children or had an abortion, this was grounds for divorce by the husband

13

What was the Mother's Cross?

An award given to women dependent on the number of children they had:
Bronze - 4
Silver - 6
Gold - 8

14

What honour did mothers who wore a gold cross get?

A Hitler Youth salute

15

What was the fountain of life program called?

Lebensborn

16

When were the lebensborn camps introduced?

1935

17

What happened at the lebensborn camps?

- provided nurseries and financial aid of women who had children with SS men
- encouraged single women to breed with SS men for gentic purity

18

How many mothers gave birth due to one lebens born home?

540

19

Aside from marriage loans, what else did women with children recieve?

Monthly payments

20

What were the three 'ks' that women were told to focus on?

Kinder, Kuche, Kirche

21

What professions were women banned from in 1933?

Professional posts such as teachers, doctors and civil servants

22

How many women had given up work by the end of 1934?

360,000

23

From 1936, what professions were women forbidden to become?

Lawyers, Judges or members of the jury

24

When were grammar schools for girls banned?

1937

25

How many less females were in higher education in 1939 compared to 1932?

11,000

26

How did the Nazis enforce their attitudes towards how women should look?

Through propaganda

27

How many women were in work in 1933? 1939?

1933 - 5 million
1939 - 7 million

28

How many marriages were there in 1932? 1934?

1932 - 516,000
1934 - 740,000

29

Did the birth rate increase between 1932 and 1939?

YES

30

What were set up and given to women after childbirth?

Recouperation homes
Food parcels and groceries and baby items were given to them