Nazi Control and Dictatorship Flashcards Preview

Edexcel GCSE History- Weimar and Nazi Germany > Nazi Control and Dictatorship > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nazi Control and Dictatorship Deck (126)
Loading flashcards...
1

How was Hitler's power limited upon becoming chancellor?

- Weimar Constitution controlled what the Chancellor could do
- Hindenburg retained all the powers of the president
- Only 2 of the 12 cabinet ministers were NSDAP members
- NSDAP members in the Reichstag numbered 1/3

2

When was the Reichstag fire?

27th February 1933

3

Who was convicted for the cause of the Reichstag fire? What ideology did they believe in?

Marinus van der Lubbe - Communist

4

How did Goering and Hitler try to use the Reichstag fire?

Used it as an opportunity to attack communists

5

How many communists were arrested on the night of the Reichstag fire?

4000

6

What did Hitler pressurize Hindenburg to declare the day after the Reichstag fire?

A state of emergency

7

What did "a state of emergency" grant Hitler?

The ability to use decrees to govern Germany, provided he had Hindenburg's support

8

What decree was passed on the 28th February 1933?

The decree for the Protection of the People and the State

9

What did the decree for the Protection of the People and the State do?

- Gave Hitler powers to imprison political opponents and ban communist newpapers
- Civil liberties were lost
- Privacy was lost ie. checking letters

10

For when did Hitler persuade Hindenburg to call another election?

5th March 1933

11

How much money was donated in just one meeting by industrialists to the Nazi campaign?

3 million marks

12

How many people died in the March 1933 election campaigns?

70

13

How many seats did the NSDAP party get in March 1933?

288

14

How did Hitler gain a two thirds majority in the Reichstag in 1933?

By gaining the support of the other nationalist parties along with his 288 seats

15

What would Hitler's proposed the Enabling act mean?

- the Reich Cabinet could pass new laws
- laws could overrule the constitution of the Republic
- the laws would be proposed by the chancellor

16

When was the Enabling act passed?

24th March 1933

17

What were the voting figures for the enabling act?

444 votes to 94

18

When was the enabling act renewed?

1937

19

What happened to trade union officials in May 1933?

They were arrested by Nazis who broke into their offices

20

When were trade unions banned and strikes made illegal?

May 1933

21

Which two political rivals were attacked by Stormtroopers? When?

May 1933 - SPD and KPD

22

When were all politcal parties in Germany made illegal?

July 1933

23

When were the Lander parliaments abolished?

January 1934

24

What did Hitler command as an alternative to Lander parliaments?

Hitler selected governors to run the regions of Germany

25

How many SA members where there by 1934 after the merging with the Stahlhelm?

3 million

26

How many SA were unemployed by 1933?

60%

27

What part of Hitler's regime did Ernst Rohm question?

- Hitler's links with rich industrialists and army generals
- Nationalist polices as he wanted more socialism

28

Why were German army officers worried about Rohm in 1934?

- The army had only 100,00 men whereas the SA had many more men
- They thought the SA wanted to replace them

29

Why did the leaders of the SS resent Rohm?

- They wanted to reduce the power of the SA
- and increase the power and the status of the SS

30

What was Hitler warned of in 1934 by leaders of the SS and the army?

That Rohm was planning to seize power