Lifespan - Early Childhood Flashcards Preview

Dev Final > Lifespan - Early Childhood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lifespan - Early Childhood Deck (26):
1

In early childhood with ID, noticeably absent is:

Language development

2

How to encourage language?

Imitation & Reinforcement
Use environment & modlling

3

During the first 2 years encouraging this can positively affect cognitive development:

General stimulation across wide range of activities

4

In dealing with children with ID, required/desired learning should be:

Explicit!

5

The best way to promote development and reduce losses:

Early childhood intervention

6

Psychosocial development leads to positive...

Intellectual development

7

Children learn by "________" - just like you Craigger!

Doing

8

Diagnosis of ID most commonly occurs in:

School-Aged Children

9

Some common learning issues in children with ID:

-Slower
-Difficulty transferring knowledge btwn situations
-Difficulty transferring from short->long-term
-Inefficient memory strategies
-Difficulty processing information

10

The more attributes or characteristics to be remembered...

The more difficult to learn!

11

With school-aged children we want to provide an environment that is these 2

Least restrictive
Most enabling

12

Piaget -
Moving & exploring =
Trial & Error =

Sensory Motor
Preoperational

13

Providing a least restrictive/most enabling environment lead to mainstreaming &...

Inclusion!

14

Inclusion was supported by the CCRF in

1985

15

Inclusion =
Children with ID should be _____ _________ in natural classroom environment & _______ ___-______ activities with their peers

Fully included
Normal Age-Related Activities

16

Inclusion exists on a __________ with many options available.

Spectrum

17

Options for inclusion include:
(3 Regs, 2 S)

Reg classroom c assistant
Reg classroom c occasional resource assistant
Reg classroom for some, resource for others
Special ed all day
Schools in institutions

18

Inclusion is less likely to occur when these 2 are present:

Emotional or Behavioural concerns

19

Concerns with Inclusion on a teacher's end include:

Availability of resources (admin/teaching support)
Inservice education

20

All special needs students require a yearly...

IEP - Individual Education Plan

21

An IEP is made you of 4 portions:
ASS
An/ST
SpecES
TL

Assessment
Annual goals/Short term objectives
Specification of educational services necessary
Timelines for implementation

22

3 Main issues in teaching someone with ID:

Longer time to learn
Lower ceiling
Memory adversely affected

23

5 Aspects Affecting Memory
4 Diff
1 Ineff

Difficulty focusing on relevant
Difficulty transferring between situations
Difficulty transferring from STM to LTM
Difficulty understanding abstract concepts
Ineffecient memory strategies!

24

Strategies to help persons with ID learn include (2)

Single step direxns/instruxns
Verbal direxns c visual information

25

What is "Partial Participation"?

Help, but don't do FOR the child. Let them do what they can do & you pick up the slack.

26

Don't do for persons...

What they can do for themselves