Flashcards in Lifespan - Early Childhood Deck (26):
In early childhood with ID, noticeably absent is:
How to encourage language?
Imitation & Reinforcement
Use environment & modlling
During the first 2 years encouraging this can positively affect cognitive development:
General stimulation across wide range of activities
In dealing with children with ID, required/desired learning should be:
The best way to promote development and reduce losses:
Early childhood intervention
Psychosocial development leads to positive...
Children learn by "________" - just like you Craigger!
Diagnosis of ID most commonly occurs in:
Some common learning issues in children with ID:
-Difficulty transferring knowledge btwn situations
-Difficulty transferring from short->long-term
-Inefficient memory strategies
-Difficulty processing information
The more attributes or characteristics to be remembered...
The more difficult to learn!
With school-aged children we want to provide an environment that is these 2
Moving & exploring =
Trial & Error =
Providing a least restrictive/most enabling environment lead to mainstreaming &...
Inclusion was supported by the CCRF in
Children with ID should be _____ _________ in natural classroom environment & _______ ___-______ activities with their peers
Normal Age-Related Activities
Inclusion exists on a __________ with many options available.
Options for inclusion include:
(3 Regs, 2 S)
Reg classroom c assistant
Reg classroom c occasional resource assistant
Reg classroom for some, resource for others
Special ed all day
Schools in institutions
Inclusion is less likely to occur when these 2 are present:
Emotional or Behavioural concerns
Concerns with Inclusion on a teacher's end include:
Availability of resources (admin/teaching support)
All special needs students require a yearly...
IEP - Individual Education Plan
An IEP is made you of 4 portions:
Annual goals/Short term objectives
Specification of educational services necessary
Timelines for implementation
3 Main issues in teaching someone with ID:
Longer time to learn
Memory adversely affected
5 Aspects Affecting Memory
Difficulty focusing on relevant
Difficulty transferring between situations
Difficulty transferring from STM to LTM
Difficulty understanding abstract concepts
Ineffecient memory strategies!
Strategies to help persons with ID learn include (2)
Single step direxns/instruxns
Verbal direxns c visual information
What is "Partial Participation"?
Help, but don't do FOR the child. Let them do what they can do & you pick up the slack.