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Flashcards in Positive Behaviour Support Deck (26):
1

PBS Largely about understanding the _________ in the ________.

Message
Behaviour

2

We use PBS so that: (2)

We can attend to the persons needs & interests
Eliminate the need to resort to undesirable behaviour

3

Common functions of problem behaviour:

To gain access to social interaction
To gain access to objects/food/activities
To gain access to stimulating events
To terminate/avoid unwanted situations

4

To complete a functional assessment we must gather...

Broad & Specific Information

5

Preferences, goals, routines, health concerns are all part of..

Broad information

6

Conditions associated with problem behaviour, purpose or function of behaviour

Specific Information

7

Two types of hypothesis statements:

Specific

8

Specific hypothesis has 3 components:

WHEN this happens
NAME does this
In order to....

9

Hypothesis statements act as guidance for..

Positive Behaviour Support Plans

10

The long-term component of a PBSB

Global Hypothesis

11

A global hypothesis summarizes:

Contextual information, broad information. Provides a contextual explanation as to why events are problematic for person.

12

We can gather assessment information by:

Direct or Indirect Observation

13

Continuous observation recordings, frequency counts, duration recordings and scatter plots are all examples of:

Direct Observation

14

Another form of Direct Observation is...

Functional Analysis

15

ABC's of fnxnl analysis?

Antecedent
Behaviour
Consequence

16

Functional analysis serves to...

Prove or disprove a hypothesis

17

5 Major Antecedent Strategies:
RAMBI

Remove problem event
Add events that promote positive behaviour
Modify the event
Block the event
Intersperse pleasant & unpleasant events

18

In addition to modifying antecedents we may teach..

Alternative Skills

19

3 Alternative Skills?

Replacement
General
Coping & Tolerance

20

The goal of consequence interventions is to teach that (2)

Alternative skills are a better strategy
Problem behaviours are inefficient, ineffective or socially undesirable

21

The last type of intervention in PBSP?

Lifestyle Interventions

22

Example of lifestyle intervention?

Improve Quality of Life
-Adapt & Maintain

23

Meaningful outcomes of PBSP should reflect: (3)
IDG

Increase in use of alternatives
Decrease in incidence of problem behaviour
General improvement in QoL

24

The last step in a PBSP - Continue to ...

Monitor & Measure Progress

25

If PBSP is working?

What next?

26

If PBSP isn't working?

Why not? Needs & circumstances change over time