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Flashcards in Prevention Deck (41):
1

This type of therapy may eventually lead to preventing many forms of ID

Gene therapy

2

T/F Gene therapy cured the bubble boy

True!

3

Three types of 'Prevention'

Primary
Secondary
Tertiary

4

Prevention of condition that would otherwise cause ID?

Primary

5

Example of Primary Prevention?

No drinking in pregnancy

6

Actions to prevent an EXISTING condition from progressing into ID

Secondary

7

Example of Secondary Prevention?

Dietary Management in PKU

8

Actions to minimize severity of functional impairments

Tertiary

9

Example of Tertiary Prevention?

Heart surgery to correct congenital defects in DS

10

Early childhood intervention & teaching functional skills are examples of what type of prevention?

Tertiary

11

Prevention must be viewed in a multidimensional or _________ perspective

Ecological

12

What is meant by ecological?

Interactions that take place between people & their environments

13

Types of interactions under ecological model (4) PREI

Individual
Environmental
Risk factors
Prevention

14

Speaking to preventing ID in a child/fetus from the ecological perspective what does prevention need to address? (DAPED)

Dangerous Environmental Conditions
Absence of supports/prenatal/post/parents
Poor Dietary habits
Emotional immaturity
Dependency (Alcohol/Drugs)

15

3 Components of Early Intervention Programs: (RIS)

Resource Supports
Information & Services
Social Supports

16

Awareness & access, $, Equipment, Respite are all examples of...

Resource Supports

17

Parent2Parent groups, family groups, friends/family are all examples of...

Social Suports

18

Formal Intervention Programs, Therapy, Parent-Professional Relationships are examples of..

Information & Service Supports

19

2 Separate, but equal components of ecological perspective: 1-Ecological understanding of...

Interaction between person & their environment

20

2-Ecological understanding of how...

Risk factors from multiple dimensions interact across generations to result in ID

21

The multiple dimensions referred to in the latter:

Biomedical
Social
Behavioural
Educational

22

From a service system approach, services for prevention work into 3 'Cares'

Prenatal Care
Perinatal Care
Childhood Care

23

Services/screenings done in prenatal care:

MSAFP
Amniocentesis
Genetic Carrier Testing
Family Planning.

24

2nd trimester.
Low=trisomy chromosomal aberrations
High=potential NTD

MSAFP
Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein

25

Extracts a sample on amniotic fluid to perform a karyotypic examination of fetal cellsl

Amniocentesis
DS

26

Prenatal Care Visits?

1x Month to 28 Weeks
Biweekiy to 36 Weeks
Weekly to delivery

27

Prenatal risk indicators? (3 TAP)

Teen births
Pregnancy complications
Alcohol & Drugs

28

On abortion, the RPN should be "__-______" and help the client make up their own mind.

Non-Directive
Their decision - their beliefs & feelings

29

Services/screenings in perinatal care:

Neonatal care centres
Screening for metabolic disorders (newborns)
Tracking high-risk infants

30

Screening for metabolic disorders done by...

Heel-stick
Tandem Mass Spectrometry

31

Heel-stick, MS/MS2 can detect:

PKU
Maple Syrup Urine Disease
Homocystiniuria
Histidinemia
Valienmia

32

T/F Newborn screening for HIV is also important

TRUE - higher in major urban areas (US)

33

These are care units for premature and troubled terms infants.

Neonatal Care Centers

34

Tracking is important in high-risk newborns because...

Promote enrollment in follow-up, community nursing, early intervention

35

Perinatal Risk Factors?

LOW BIRTH WEIGHT. Less than 5.5lbs, Less than 1500g = VLBW

36

Services available under childhood care: (5-EBIAF)

Early Intervention Programs
Blood Lead Screening
Immunization
A "Medical Home"
Family Support Services

37

Risk indicators in childhood? MAC

Malnutrition
Accident & Injury
Child abuse & neglect

38

For providers who have contact with clients and families, additional education regarding new information can be delivered via:

Inservice Education

39

____ Practice

Best Practice! Must be agreed upon & utilized

40

Teach it in the...

Classroom! Family LIfe Curricula

41

For the masses....

Public Education