Liver, stomach, spleen and pancreas Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Liver, stomach, spleen and pancreas Deck (27)
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1

Parts of Stomach

Fundus-rounded portion superior
body- large central portion
pylorus- connects stomach to duodenum

lesser curvature- shorter, concave medial surface, superior
Greater curvature- lateral border, supplied by gastric + left gastroomental

2

Sphincters of stomach

Pyloric- Stomach and duodenum- controls exit of chyme
Inferior oesophageal- osephagus and stomach (T11)

3

Neurovascular supply for stomach

Comes from coeliac trunk
Right from common hepatic- lesser curvature
and left gastric from coeliac trunk- lesser curvature

Right gastro-omental- grastroduodenal- common hepatic
left gastro-omental- splenic- coeliac
*Both greater curvature

4

Lobes of the liver

Right- attach falciform
left- attach falcform
caudate (superior)- between inderior vena cava and ligamentum venosum
quadrate (inferior)- lower between gall bladder and fossa
Only see all 4 from posterior

5

What are the spaces between the liver and surrounding

Hepatic recesses
- Subrphrenic
- Subhepatic
- morisons pouch

6

Ligaments of the liver

Falciform- anterior surface to abdominal wall
Coronary- anterior surface to diaphragm
Triangular- attach superior surface to diaphragm

7

Deep fissure between the caudate and quadrate

Porta hepatis

8

Blood supply to liver

Hepatic proper artery- coeliac trunk
Hepatic portal vein- deoxygenated blood away, detoxify

9

Neruovascular supply to the spleen

splenic artery- coeliac trunk
Splenic vein- venous drainage

10

Parts of the pancreas

Head- widest part, c shaped
neck- overlies superior mesenteric
tail- Left proximal, contains splenorenal ligament with splenic veins, ONLY part intraperitoneal
body- central
uncinate process- projection from head, extends medial

11

What is the common bile duct made from

Common hepatic duct from liver and cystic duct from gallbladder

12

Parts of the gallbladder

Fundus, body and neck

13

peritoneum folde over itself

Omentum

14

Greater and lesser oomentum

Greater hands down from greater curvature- drapes over transverse colon
Lesser- continuous with peritoneal layer of stomach and duodenum

15

Function of liver

Synthesis of bile, glycogen storage, clotting factor production

16

Location of liver

Right hypochonrium and epigastric

17

Surfaces of liver

Diaphragmatic
Visceral

18

Ducts of liver

Hepatic- forms at right and left- forms common bile duct
common bile duct- comes from bladder with hepatic

19

spleen

Upper quadrat under diaphragm , rib 9th and 11th
Left hypochondrium
Can't be palpated
Intraperitoneal

20

Duct system

Pancreatic duct runs the length of pancreas and links the common bile duct to form the hepatopnacreatic ampulla of vater
Exocrine compartment- serous gland

21

Vasculature of pancreas

Splenic artery- superior and inferior pancreadticoduodenal arteries
Drain into hepatic portal vein- superior mesenteric branch

22

Gallbladder function

Used to temporarily store bile a fluid produced by the liver

23

Location of the gallbladder

Right hypochondriac region

24

Parts of the gallbladder

Fundus- rounded end portion, projects into inferior surface of liver
body- main part
neck- tapers to the cystic duct leading to billary tree
Heartmans pouch- muscular fold

25

Billary tree

Bile secreted from gall bladder into G1 tract via ducts
- Common hepatic right and left from liver
-Joins cystic duct
-forms common bile ducr

26

Blood supply to gall bladder

Hepatic artery proper

27

Imaginal canal

Short passage which extends inferior and medially through abdominal wall
Pathway where structures can pass from the abdominal wall to the external genitalia