LIVER STOMACH SPLEEN AND PANCREAS Flashcards Preview

BMS246 ANATOMY > LIVER STOMACH SPLEEN AND PANCREAS > Flashcards

Flashcards in LIVER STOMACH SPLEEN AND PANCREAS Deck (33)
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1

THE LIVER IS THE ................ INTERNAL ORGAN IN THE BODY

LARGEST

2

HOW MANY LOBES DOES THE LIVER HAVE

4

3

WHAT ARE THE LOBES OF THE LIVER

RIGHT
LEFT
CAUDATE
QUADRATE

4

AS A DERIVATIVE OF THE EMBRYONIC ........................, IT RECEIVES ARTERIAL BLOOD SUPPLY FROM BRANCHES OF THE ....................... TRUNK BUT ..........% OF THE BLOOD ARRIVING AT THE LIVER IS NUTRIENT RICH ...................... BLOOD FROM THE ............... VIA THE ................................ PORTAL VEIN.

FOREGUT
COELIAC
70
VENOUS
GUT
HEPATIC

5

THE LIVER ALSO .......................... AND SECRETES ............... THAT IS DISCHARGED INTO THE ............................. VIA THE COMMON ....................... ..................

SYNTHESISES
BILE
DUODENUM
BILE DUCT

6

WHERE IS THE LOCATION OF THE LIVER RELATIVE TO OTHER ORGANS

SITS MAINLY IN THE RIGHT HYPOCHONDRIUM
ABOVE THE HEPATIC FLEXURE
DIRECTLY UNDER THE DIAPHRAGM
THE LEFT LOBE TOUCHES THE DUODENUM

7

WHAT IS LIGAMENTUM TERES

AN EMBRYOLOGICAL REMNANT OF THE UMBILICAL VEIN

8

WHAT ARE THE LIGAMENTS OF THE LIVER

FALCIFORM LIGAMENT
LIGAMENTUM TERES
CORONARY LIGAMENT
TRIANGULAR LIGAMENTS

9

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE CORONARY LIGAMENT

ATTACHES SUPERIOR SURFACE TO THE INFERIOR SURFACE OF THE DIAPHRAGM

10

WHAT DOES THE FALCIFORM LIGAMENT DO

ATTACHES ANTERIOR SURFACE OF THE LIVER TO THE ANTEROABDOMINAL WALL

11

THE OESOPHAGUS PENETRATES THE ............................ AT THE LEVEL OF ............. JUST TO THE .................. OF THE MIDLINE AND ENTERS THE .....................
THE STOMACH HAS ......... REGIONS

DIAPHRAGM
T10
LEFT
STOMACH

12

WHAT ARE THE REGIONS OF THE STOMACH

CARDIAC
FUNDUS
BODY
PYLORIC ANTRUM

13

WHERE IS THE CARDIAC REGION OF THE STOMACH

WHERE THE OESOPHAGUS ENTERS

14

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE FUNDUS AND BODY

SERVE AS A RESERVOIR WHERE FOOD IS MIXED WITH GASTRIC JUICES

15

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE PYLORIC ANTRUM

WHERE FOOD IS PHYSICALLY PUMMELLED INTO CHYME

16

WHAT DOES THE LINING OF THE STOMACH LOOK LIKE

COVERED IN CREASES CALLED RUGAE THAT INCREASE SURFACE AREA AND HELP WITH CHURNING OF THE CONTENTS

17

WHAT ARE THE WAYS IN WHICH CANCER CAN SPREAD

BLOOD
LYMPHATICS
CONTACT

18

WHAT IS THE NERVOUS SUPPLY OF THE STOMACH

VAGUS NERVE

19

WHAT IS THE BLOOD SUPPLY TO THE STOMACH

RIGHT GASTRIC ARTERY
LEFT GASTRIC ARTERY
RIGHT GASTROEPIPLOIC ARTERY
LEFT GASTROEPIPLOIC ARTERY
GASTRODUODENAL ARTERY
SHORT GASTRIC

20

WHAT ARE THE BRANCHES OF THE COELIAC TRUNK

COMMON HEPATIC
LEFT GASTRIC
SPLENIC

21

WHAT ARE THE BRANCHES OF THE COMMON HEPATIC ARTERY

PROPER HEPATIC
GASTRODUODENAL
RIGHT GASTRIC

22

WHAT DOES THE SPLENIC ARTERY BRANCH INTO

SHORT GASTRIC
LEFT GASTROEPIPLOIC
SPLENIC

23

WHAT DOES THE GASTRODUODENAL ARTERY GIVE RISE TO

RIGHT GASTROEPLOIC ARTERY
PANCREATICODUDODENAL ARTERY

24

THE STOMACH HAS A ................... LINING AGAINST THE ACIDITY. THE MOST COMMON SITE OF ISSUES IS THE .................... SINCE THIS IS WHERE THE ACID SITS FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME. ......... CELLS PRODUCE GASTRIN SIGNALLING FOR ........................ CELLS TO PRODUCE MORE .......................

MUCOUS
ANTRUM
G
PARIETAL
ACID

25

WHAT ARE THE PARTS OF THE PANCREAS

HEAD
NECK
BODY
TAIL

26

THE HEAD AND UNCINATE PROCESS OF THE PANCREAS LIE ANTERIOR TO THE ........................ AORTA AND ................. VENA CAVA. ITS BODY LIES TO THE LEFT OF THE MIDLINE WITH THE ................. REACHING THE HILUM OF THE .......................

ABDOMINAL
INFERIOR
TAIL
SPLEEN

27

WHAT IS THE BLOOD SUPPLY OF THE PRANCREAS

SUPPLIED BY BRANCHES OF THE SPLENIC ARTERY
HOWEVER ADDITIONAL SUPPLY FROM BRANCH OF THE SMA (INFERIOR PANCREATICODUODENAL BRANCH)

28

THE SPLEEN MEASURES ............ X5CM X7CM AND LIES IN THE LEFT ........................., IN THE MID AXILLARY LINE ADJACENT TO THE 9TH - ............TH RIBS. IT HAS A UNIQUELY ........................ BORDER.

3CM
HYPOCHONDRIUM
11TH
SCALOPPED

29

THE SPLEEN HAS A RICH BLOOD ..................... FROM THE SPLENIC ARTERY, ONE OF THE ................. MAIN BRAINCHES OF THE .................... TRUNK. THIS ARTERY ALSO SUPPLIES THE ......................... AND MUCH OF THE FUNDUS AND BODY OF THE ................ VIA ITS SHORT ............... AND LEFT ......................................... BRANCHES.

SUPPLY
THREE
COELIAC
PANCREAS
STOMACH
GASTRIC
GASTROEPIPLOIC

30

THE SPLENIC ............... IS A MAJOR TRIBUTARY OF THE ..................... PORTAL VEIN.

VEIN
HEPATIC