THE ABDOMINAL WALL AND INTESTINES Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in THE ABDOMINAL WALL AND INTESTINES Deck (56)
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1

WHAT ARE THE REGIONS OF THE ABDOMEN

1. RIGHT HYPOCHONDRIAC
2. RIGHT LUMBAR
3. RIGHT ILIAC
4. EPIGASTRIC REGION
5. UMBILICAL REGION
6 HYPOGASTRIC REGION
7. LEFT HYPOCHONDRIAC
8. LEFT LUMBAR
9. LEFT ILIAC

2

LATERALLY THE WALL OF THE ABDOMEN IS COMPOSED OF HOW MANY LAYERS

3

3

WHAT ARE THE LATERAL WALLS OF THE ABDOMEN MADE UP OF

INTERNAL OBLIQUES
EXTERNAL OBLIQUES
TRANSVERSUS ABDOMINIS

4

WHAT MAKES UP THE ANTERIOR ASPECT OF THE ABDOMINAL WALL

THE RECTUS ABDOMINIS

5

THE ABDOMINAL WALL IS SUPPLIED LATERALLY BY WHICH ARTERIES

THE LUMBAR ARTERIES

6

THE ABDOMINAL WALL IS SUPPLIED ANTERIORLY BY WHICH ARTERIES

SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR EPIGASTRIC ARTERIES

7

FROM WHICH VESSELS DO THE SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR EPIGASTRIC ARTERIES ORIGINATE

SUPERIOR - INTERNAL THORACIC
INFERIOR - EXTERNAL ILIAC

8

THE MUSCLES OF THE ABDOMINAL WALL ....................... THE ABDOMINAL VISCERA AND ............................. THE PRESSURE WITHIN THE ................................. CAVITY. THIS IS IMPORTANT FOR RESPIRATION, ..........................., SNEEZING, MICTURITION, DEFACATION, CHILDBIRTH AND LIFTING HEAVY OBJECTS

SUPPORT
REGULATE
PERITEONEAL
COUGHING

9

WHERE DOES THE EXTERNAL OBLIQUE ORIGINATE

RIBS 5 -12

10

WHERE DOES THE EXTERNAL OBLIQUE INSERT

ILIAC CREST AND PUBIC TUBERCLE

11

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE EXTERNAL OBLIQUE

CONTRALATERAL ROTATION

12

WHAT INNERVATES THE INTERNAL,EXTERNAL OBLIQUES AND THE TRANSVERSUS ABDOMINUS AS WELL AS RECTUS ABDOMINUS

THORACOABDOMINAL NERVES T7-11

13

WHAT FUNCTINO DOES THE INTERNAL OBLIQUE HAVE

IPSILATERAL ROTATION

14

WHAT IS THE RECTUS SHEATH FORMED BY

THE APONEUROSIS OF THE OBLIQUES AND TRANSVERSUS ABDOMINUS ENCLOSING AROUND THE RECTUS ABDOMINIS.

15

THE ANTERIOR WALL OF THE RECTUS SHEATH CONSISTS OF

THE EXTERNAL AND HALF OF THE INTERNAL OBLIQUES

16

THE POSTERIOR WALL OF THE RECTUS SHEATH IS FORMED OF

BY THE APONEUROSIS OF HALF THE INTERNAL OBLIQUES AND THE TRANSVERSUS ABDOMINUS

17

BETWEEN THE UMBILICUS AND THE PUBIC SYMPHYSIS BECOMES ONLY ........................... WALL. THE RECTUS ABDOMINUS IS IN CONTACT WITH THE TRANSVERSALIS .....................
THE EPIGASTRIC ARTERIES LIE BETWEEN THE RECTUS ABDOMINUS AND THE ........................... SHEATH.

ANTERIOR
FASCIA
POSTERIOR

18

THE LINEA ALBEA IS FORMED OF WHAT

WHERE THE APONEUROSES MEET

19

ON THE ANTERIOR OF THE RECTUS ABDOMINUS WHAT ARE THE BELLIES OF MUSCLE SEPARATED BY

TENDINOUS INTERSEACTIONS

20

WHERE DOES THE RECTUS ABDOMINUS ORIGINATE AND INSERT

ORIGIN: CREST OF PUBIS
INSERT: XIPHOIDS AND COSTAL CART. 5 - 7

21

THE OESOPHAGUS .................... THE DIAPHRAGM AT THE MIDLINE AND OPENS ALMOST IMMEDIATELY INTO THE ......................... WHICH IS LARGELY PROTECTED BY THE ....................................
THIS IS FOLLOWED BY THE DUODENUM THAT FORMS A ............ SHAPED LOOP TIWARDS THE UPPER .................. HAND SIDE OF THE ABDOMEN

PENETRATES
STOMACH
RIBCAGE
C
LEFT

22

THE JEJUNUM AND ILEUM RUN IN A MESENTRY FROM TOP .................... TO BOTTOM .................... OF THE ABDOMEN.

LEFT
RIGHT

23

WHAT ARE THE THREE MAIN ARTERIES THAT SUPPLY THE GASTRO INTESTINAL TRACT

COELIAC
SUPERIOR MESENTERIC
INFERIOR MESENTERIC

24

WHAT DOES THE COELIAC ARTERY SUPPLY

OESOPHAGUS
STOMACH
FIRST PART OF DUODENUM

25

WHAT DOES THE SMA SUPPLY

THE REST OF THE DUODENUM
JEJUNUM
ILIUM
CAECUM
ASC. COLON
MOST OF TRANSVERSE COLON

26

WHAT DOES THE IMA SUPPLY

THE REST OF THE TRANSVERSE COLON
DESCENDING COLON
SIGMOID COLON
RECTUM

27

WHAT IS A HERNIA

PROTRUSION OF TISSUE THROUGH A DEFECT IN HTE WALL IN WHICH IS IT NORMALLY CONTAINED

28

WHAT IS THE PERITONEUM

CONSISTS OF TWO CONTINUOUS LAYERS; PARIETAL AND VISCERAL PERITONEUM WHICH LINES THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY AND COVERS THE VISCERA

29

WHAT CAN BE SAID ABOUT PAIN AND THE ABDOMINAL VISCERA

PAIN IS POORLY LOCALISED
REFERS INTO SKIN DERMATOMES

30

WHAT IS AN INTRAPERITONEAL ORGAN

ORGANS ENVELOPED BY PERIOTONEUM WHICH COVERS THE ORGAN BOTH ANTERIORLY AND POSTERIORLY