KIDNEYS, BLADDER AND MALE AND FEMALE PELVIS Flashcards Preview

BMS246 ANATOMY > KIDNEYS, BLADDER AND MALE AND FEMALE PELVIS > Flashcards

Flashcards in KIDNEYS, BLADDER AND MALE AND FEMALE PELVIS Deck (81)
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1

THE KIDNEYS LIE ON THE .........................ABDOMINAL WALL EITHER SIDE OF THE ........................ COLUMN PROTECTED BY FAT. THE ..................................... LUMBORUM MUSCLE, THE DIAPHRAGM AND RIBS 11 AND ............... ARE OTHER IMPORTANT POSTERIOR RELATIONS. THE URETERS RUN DOWN THE POSTERIOR ABDOMINAL WALL TO ENTER THE ................... WHERE THEY DRAIN INTO THE ..........................
THE SUPRAADRENAL GLANDS LIE CLOSE TO THE SUPEROMEDIAL BORDERS OF THE ......................... WITHIN THE SAME .................................... TISSUE CAPSULE.

POSTERIOR
SPINAL
QUADRATUS
12
PELVIS
KIDNEYS
CONNECTIVE

2

THE KIDNEYS RECIEVE ABOUT 25% OF THE CARDIAC OUTPUT NORMALL VIA A SINGLE PAIR OF ARTERIES, WHICH ARTERIES

RENAL ARTERIES

3

AT WHAT LEVEL ARE THE RENAL ARTERIES

L1-L2
THE RENAL ARTERIES COME OFF CLOSE UNDER THE SUPERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY

4

WHAT IS THE INGUINAL CANAL IS A TUNNEL THROUGH THE ABDOMINAL WALL JUST ABOVE THE INGUINAL LIGAMENT. WHAT DOES IT CONTAIN IN THE MALE

SPERMATIC CORD
ILEOINGUINAL NERVE

5

IN MALES, WHAT IS CONTAINED WITHIN THE SPERMATIC CORD

TESTICULAR ARTERY
CREMASTERIC ARTERY
ARTERY TO THE VAS DEFERENS
VAS DEFERENS
PANPINIFORM PLEXUS
LYMPHATICS

6

WHAT IS THE EQUIVALENT OF THE SPERMATIC CORD IN FEMALES

ROUND LIGAMENT

7

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE INGUINAL CANAL

DEVELOPMENTALLY, IT IS THE PATHWAY THROUGH WHICH TESTES LEAVE THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY AND ENTER THE SCROTUM

8

WHERE ARE THE ATTACHMENTS OF THE INGUINAL CANAL

ANTERIOR SUPERIOR ILIAC SPINE
PUBIC TUBERCLE

9

WHICH LAYERS DOES THE TESTES SIT BETWEEN

BETWEEN THE PERITONEUM AND THE TRANSVERSALIS FASCIA

10

WHAT ARE THE LAYERS INVOLVED IN THE DROPPING OF THE TESTES

PERITONEUM
TRANSVERSALIS FASCIA
TRANSVERSUS ABDOMINIS
INTERNAL OBLIQUE
EXTERNAL OBLIQUE
SCARAPA'S FASCIA
SKIN

11

WHAT DOES THE PERITONEUM BECOME IN THE DESCENT OF THE TESTES

TUNICA VAGINALIS

12

WHAT DOES THE TRANSVERSALIS FASCIA BECOME IN THE DESCENT OF THE TESTES

INTERNAL SPERMATIC FASCIA

13

WHAT DOES THE INTERNAL OBLIQUE BECOME IN THE DESCENT OF THE TESTE

CREMASTER MUSCLE

14

WHAT DOES THE EXTERNAL OBLIQUE BECOME IN THE DESCENT OF THE TESTES

THE EXTERNAL SPERMATIC FASCIA

15

WHAT ARE THE LAYERS SURROUNDING THE TESTES AFTER DESCENT

TUNICA VAGINALIS
INTERNAL SPERMATIC FASCIA
CREMASTER MUSCLE
EXTERNAL SPERMATIC FASCIA

16

WHAT IS THE ONLY LAYER THAT DOES NOT GET DRAGGED THROUGH THE ABDOMINAL WALL DURING TESTICULAR DESCENT

TRANSVERSUS ABDOMINUS

17

THE TESTES ARE CONTAINED WITHIN THE ................. SAC AND ARE SURROUNDED BY ........................... DERIVED FROM THE ................................. ABDOMINAL WALL. THEY ARE CONNECTED TO THE PELVIS VIA THE ................................. CORDS. THESE CONTAIN ARTERIES, NERVES, VEINS AND THE ............. DEFERENS.

SCROTAL
MEMBRANES
ANTERIOR
SPERMATIC
VAS

18

THE TESTES ................................ INTO THE SCROTUM DURING ............................ AND DRAW WITH THEM THEIR BLOOD, ......................... AND LYMPHATIC SUPPLIES FROM THE ..................................... ABDOMINAL WALL.

DESCEND
DEVELOPMENT
NERVE
POSTERIOR

19

WHAT IS THE COVERING OF THE TESTES

TUNICA ALBUGINEA A FIBROUS SHEET THAT DIVIDES EACH TESTE INTO LOBULES

20

WHAT GUIDES THE TESTES IN THEIR DESCENT

GUBERNACULUM

21

WHAT ARE THE PARTS OF THE EPIDIDYMIS

TAIL
BODY
HEAD

22

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE EPIDIDYMIS

STORE/MATURATION OF SPERM

23

WHERE IS SEMEN MADE

IN THE SEMENIFEROUS TUBULES

24

HOW IS SEMEN TRANSPORTED FROM THE SEMENIFEROUS TUBULES TO THE EPIDIDYMIS

VIA THE RETE TESTES

25

WHAT DOES THE TAIL OF THE EPIDIDYMIS MARK THE ORIGIN OF

THE VAS DEFERENS

26

WHAT IS THE BLOOD SUPPLY TO THE TESTICLES

TESTICULAR ARTERIES
BUT ALSO FROM CREMASTERIC AND ARTERY OF THE VAS DEFERENS

27

WHERE DO THE TESTICULAR ARTERIES STEM FROM

DIRECTLY FROM THE ABDOMINAL AORTA

28

WHAT IS THE VENOUS DRAINAGE OF THE TESTICLES

A NETWORK OF VEINS WRAPPED AROUND THE TESTICULAR ARTERY CALLED THE PANPINIFORM PLEXUS

29

WHEREABOUTS ON THE AORTA DO THE GONADAL ARTERIES ARISE FROM

UNDER THE RENAL ARTERIES
THE BRANCHES LOOK LIKE THEY FOLLOW THE SHAPE AND DIRECTION OF THE URETERS COMING FROM THE KIDNEYS

30

WHERE ARE THE KIDNEYS LOCATED

POSTERIOR ABDOMEN AROUND T12 - L3