THE SHOULDER REGION, ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR CHEST WALL Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in THE SHOULDER REGION, ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR CHEST WALL Deck (87)
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1

THE UPPER LIMB IS ATTACHED TO THE ................................ WALL MAINLY BY ..........................
THE ONLY BONY ............................ BETWEEN THE UPPER LIMB AND THE .................... IS VIA THE .........................
AS A CONSEQUENCE THE UPPER LIMB IS HIGHLY .....................

THORACIC
MUSCLE
ATTACHMENT
TRUNK
CLAVICLE
MOBILE

2

THE NERVES THAT SUPPLY THE UPPER LIMB ARISE FROM WHERE

C5 C6 C7 C8 T1
THE ROOTS FORM A PLEXUS (AXILLA) AND GIVE RISE TO A NUMBER OF NAMED NERVES

3

WHAT IS THE BLOOD SUPPLY TO THE ARM

THE BRANCH TO THE ARM IS THE SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY
THIS CHANGES TO AXILLARY ARTERY AT THE LEVEL OF RIB 1
THIS CHANGES TO BRACHIAL ARTERY AT THE BORDER OF TERES MAJOR

4

WHAT ARE THE MAIN MOVEMENTS OF THE SHOULDER JOINT

FLEXION
EXTENSION
ABDUCTION
ADDUCTION
ROTATION

5

WHAT ARE THE MAIN MOVEMENTS OF THE SCAPULA

ELEVATION
DEPRESSION
PROTRACTION
RETRACTION
ROTATION

6

WHAT IS THE GLENOHUMERAL JOINT

ALSO KNOWN AS THE SHOULDER JOINT
ARTICULATION OF THE HUMERUS WHICH THE GLENOID FOSSA OF THE CLAVICLE

7

WHY IS THE RANGE OF MOVEMENT SO LARGE IN THE SHOULDER JOINT

THE HEAD OF THE HUMERUS IS A LOT LARGER THAT THE CAVITY

8

WHAT IS THE COST OF A LARGE RANGE OF MOVEMENT

INSTABILITY

9

WHAT IS A FEATURE OF THE GLENOID CAVITY THAT ATTEMPTS TO REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF INSTABILITY

LABRUM

10

WHAT KIND OF JOINT IS THE SHOULDER JOINT

BALL AND SOCKET

11

WHAT OTHER FEATURES OF THE SHOULDER JOINT INCREASE STABILITY

ROTATOR CUFF MUSCLES
LIGAMENTS
BICEPS TENDON

12

WHAT ARE THE MUSCLES OF THE ROTATOR CUFF

SUBSCAPULARIS
INFRASPINATOUS
TERES MINOR
SUPRASPINATOUS

13

WHAT IS THE JOINT BETWEEN THE CLAVICLE AND THE SHOULDER BLADE

ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT

14

WHERE DOES THE SUBSCAPULARIS SIT

IN THE SUBSCAPULAR FOSSA

15

WHERE DOES THE CORACOID PROCESS SIT

JUST UNDER THE CLAVICLE

16

WHAT ARE THE SUPRA AND INFRA GLENOID TUBERCLES

ROUGHENINGS IMMEDIATELY ABOVE AND BELOW THE GLENOID FOSSA WHERE MUSCLE ATTACHMENTS FORM

17

WHAT MUSCLE ATTACHES ON THE SUPRAGLENOID TUBERCLE

LONG HEAD OF THE BICEPS BRACHII

18

WHAT MUCLES ATTACHES ON THE INFRAGLENOID TUBERCLE

LONG HEAD OF THE TRICEPTS BRACHII

19

WHAT ARE THE DEFINING FEATURES OF THE POSTERIOR SURFACE OF THE SCAPULA

THE SPINOUS PROCESS
SUPRASPINOUS FOSSA
INFRASPINOUS FOSSA

20

WHERE IS THE CLAVICLE

EXTENDS BETWEEN THE MANUBRIUM OF THE STERNUM AND ACROMION OF THE CALVICLE

21

WHAT SHAPE IS THE CLAVICLE

S SHAPE

22

WHAT SIZE FACET DOES THE STERNAL END OF THE CLAVICLE HAVE

A LARGE FACET FOR ARTICULATION WITH THE MANUBRIUM

23

WHAT SIZE FACET DOES THE LATERAL END OF THE CLAVICLE HAVE

SMALL FACET FOR ARTICULATION WITH ACROMION

24

WHAT DEPRESSIONS OR FEATURES MAY YOU SEE ON THE CLAVILCE

STERNAL END - DEPRESSION OF THE COSTOCLAVICULAR LIGAMENT
ACORMIAL END - TUBERCLE FOR CORONOID LIGAMENT - TRAPEZOID LINE FOR TRAPEZOID LIGAMENT

25

PROXIMALLY WHERE DOES THE HUMERUS ARTICULATE

WITH THE GLENOID FOSSA

26

DISTALLY WHERE DOES THE HUMERUS ARTICULATE

HEAD OF THE RADIUS AND TROCHLEA NOTCH OF THE ULNA

27

WHAT FEATURES OF THE HUMERUS TELL YOU IT IS THE PROXIMAL END

HEAD
ANATOMICAL NECK
SURGICAL NECK
GREATER AND LESSER TUBUBERCLES
INTRATUBERCULAR SULCUS

28

WHAT MUSCLES ATTACH TO THE GREATER TUBERCLE

3/4 OF THE ROTATOR CUFF MUSCLES
SUPRASPINATOUS
INFRASPINATOUS
TERES MINOR

29

WHERE DOES THE 4TH ROTATOR CUFF MUCLES INSERT

LESSER TUBERCLE OF THE HUMERUS

30

WHAT MUSCLES SIT ON THE LIPS OF THE INTERTUBERCULAR GROOVE

PECTORALIS MAJOR
LATISSIMUS DORSI
TERES MAJOR