Living German - Lesson 20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Living German - Lesson 20 Deck (64):
1

Vocab
leave, departure

der Abschied

2

Vocab
arm

der Arm (-e)

3

Vocab
trip, excursion

der Ausflug ("-e)

4

Vocab
basket

der Korb (-e)

5

Vocab
lake

der See (-n)

6

Vocab
departure

die Abfahrt

7

Vocab
proximity, vicinity

die Nähe

8

Vocab
thermos flask

die Thermosflasche (-n)

9

Vocab
preparation

die Vorbereitung (-en)

10

Vocab
member

das Mitglied (-er)

11

Vocab
old-fashioned

altmodisch

12

Vocab
free

frei

13

Vocab
strict

streng

14

Vocab
almost

fast

15

Vocab
slow(-ly)

langsam

16

Vocab
to bathe

baden

17

Vocab
to reach

erreichen

18

Vocab
to test

prüfen

19

Vocab
to clean, polish

putzen

20

Vocab
to cut

schneiden

21

Vocab
to swim

schwimmen

22

Vocab
to dance

tanzen

23

Vocab
to meet, hit

treffen (er trifft)

24

Vocab
to spend

verbringen

25

Vocab
to forget

vergessen (er vergisst)

26

Vocab
to get ready

sich fertig machen

27

Vocab
to take leave

Abschied nehmen

28

Vocab
he has a holiday today

er hat heute frei

29

Vocab
come on now

jetzt los!

30

Vocab
at around midday

gegen Mittag

31

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses

Type of subordinate clause which begins with a relative pronoun which refers to something in the main clause. In this, as in all subordinate clauses, the verb come last. There is a comma before and after each subordinate clause.

32

Main and Subordinate clauses

Karl, der ein so guter Mechaniker ist, putzt das Auto.
In the above sentence, is a main clause, containing the main statements (Karl putzt das Auto), and a subordinate clause subsidiary to the main clause (der ein so guter Mechaniker ist).

33

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
English vs German

In English, these are who (that) for people and which (that) for things and are often ommited. They cannot be omitted in German

34

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Agreement

Agrees in gender with the noun to which it refers:
der - masculine nouns
die - feminine nouns
das - neuter nouns
die - plural (all genders)

Karl, der... - Karl, who

35

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Agreement
the mother, who

Die /mutter, die...

36

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Agreement
the friends, who

die freunden, die

37

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Agreement
the car, which

das Auto, das

38

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Masculine
Nom

der

39

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Masculine
Acc

den

40

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Masculine
Gen

dessen

41

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Masculine
Dat

dem

42

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Feminine
Nom

die

43

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Feminine
Acc

die

44

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Feminine
Gen

deren

45

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Feminine
Dat

der

46

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Neuter
Nom

das

47

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Neuter
Acc

das

48

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Neuter
Gen

dessen

49

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Neuter
Dat

dem

50

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Plural
Nom

die

51

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Acc

die

52

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Plural
Gen

deren

53

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative Pronouns
Declension
Plural
Dat

denen

54

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Antecedent
Der Kellner, dessen Anzug so gut ist, ist Deutscher

Der Kellner
The words to which the relative pronoun refers
Always used in the nominative case whereas the relative pronoun changes in each sentence according to its function - has its own case

55

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Main clause
Der Kellner, dessen Anzug so gut ist, ist Deutscher

Der Kellner ist Deutscher

56


Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
Relative clause
Der Kellner, dessen Anzug so gut ist, ist Deutscher

dessen Anzug so gut ist

57

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
The waiter, who works in the cafe, is German

Der Kellner, der (MN) im Café arbeitet, ist Deutscher

58

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
The waiter, whom we see in the cafe, is German

Der Kellner, den (MA) wir im Café sehen, ist Deutscher

59

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
The waiter, to whom I give one Euro, is German

Der Kellner, dem (MD) ich einen Euro gebe, ist Deutscher

60

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
The waiter, whose suit is so good, is German

Der Kellner, dessen (MG) Angug so gut ist, ist Deutscher

61

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
The cups, which Paula puts on the table, are quite new

Die Tassen, die (PA) Paula auf den Tisch stellt, sind ganz neu

62

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
The cups, which are on the table, are quite new

Die Tassen, die (PN) auf dem Tisch stehen, sind ganz neu

63

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
The cups, from which we drink, are quite new

Die Tassen, aus denen (PD) wir trinken, sind ganz neu

64

Grammar
Main and Subordinate clauses
Relative clauses
The cups, whose colour is white, are quite new

Die Tassen, deren Farbe weiß ist, sind ganz neu