Loss, Death, and Grief Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Loss, Death, and Grief Deck (29)
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loss that is part of life

necessary loss


part of necessary loss and includes all normally expected life changes across the life span

maturational loss


sudden, unpredictable external events bring about this type of loss

situational loss


occurs when a persona can no longer feel, hear, see, or know a person or object

actual loss


uniquely defined by the person experiencing the loss and is less obvious to other people

perceived loss


emotional response to a loss, manifested in ways unique to an individual and based on personal experiences, cultural expectations, and spiritual beliefs



the outward, social expressions of grief and the behavior associated with loss



encompasses both grief and mourning and includes the emotional responses and outward behaviors of a person experiencing loss



common, universal reaction characterized by complex emotional, cognitive, social, physical, behavioral, and spiritual responses to loss and death

normal (uncomplicated) grief


the unconscious process or disengaging or "letting go" before the actual loss or death occurs, especially in situations of prolonged or predicted loss

anticipatory grief


occurs when the relationship to the deceased person is not socially sanctioned, cannot be openly shared, or seems of lesser significance

disenfranchised grief (marginal or unsupported grief)


a type of disenfranchised grief, occurs when the lost person is physically present but not psychologically available

ambiguous loss


occurs when a person has a prolonged or significantly difficult time moving forward after a loss

complicated grief


a person's response exhibits self-destructive or maladaptive behavior, obsessions, or psychiatric disorders

exaggerated grief


response is postponed often because the loss is so overwhelming that the person must avoid the full realization of the loss

delayed grief


person behaves in ways that interfere with normal functioning but is unaware that the disruptive behavior is a result of the loss

masked grief


what are the stages of dying?

denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance


factors that influence one's response to loss and grief

human development, personal relationships, nature of the loss, coping strategies, socioeconomic status, culture/ethnicity, spiritual beliefs, and hope


focuses on the prevention, relief, reduction, or soothing of symptoms of disease or disorders throughout the entire course of an illness, including care of the dying and bereavement follow-up for the family

palliative care


a philosophy and a model for the care of terminally ill patients and their families that usually have less than 6 months to live



large family groups present, short mourning period with a memorial service and public viewing of the body. organ donation is allowable

african american


death is regarded as a negative life event, no concept of afterlife, may be buried with food and other artifacts, stay with deceased for up to 8 hours after death, oldest son or daughter bathes the body under direction from an older relative or priest. believe body should remain intact, thus no organ donation



honor family values and roles at end of life, use special objects such as amulets or rosary beads, alternative healing practices, and prayer, grief is openly expressed, religious rituals are essential, death is believed to be the will of God

hispanic or latino


traditional Navajos do not touch the body after death. large Navajo tribe cleanses the body, paints the deceased's face, dresses, and attaches an eagle feather to symbolize a return home. buried on the deceased's homeland

native american


deceased's body is ritualistically washed, wrapped, cried over, prayed for, and buried as soon as possible after death. eyes and mouth are closed, and face is turned toward Mecca Muslims of the same gender prepare the body. bodies are buried, not cremated. autopsies interfere with quick burial, proximity of loved ones after death is important (soul stays with body until buried). organ donation is permissible by some.



believe in an afterlife. death is preferred at home and a person's state at time of death is important. minimize emotional expressions. male family members prepare the body. recommend not touching the body after death (smoother transition to afterlife), body is not left alone after death, pay respects before cremation of the body



body is placed on the floor with the head facing north, persons of same gender handle the body after death, no prohibitions against autopsy, bodies are cremated



determine if members from the jewish burial society are coming to the facility before preparing body, family member stays with body until burial, burial occurs within 24 hours but not on the Sabbath, somme avoid cremation, autopsy, and embalming



described as physical, emotional, and spiritual exhaustion resulting from seeing patients suffer, leads to a decreased capacity to show compassion or empathize with suffering people

compassion fatigue